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1. Higher Psychology<br />Memory<br />Eye-Witness Testimony<br />Note: This section of ‘Psychology: Understanding the Individual’ has changed from…
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  • 1. Higher Psychology<br />Memory<br />Eye-Witness Testimony<br />Note: This section of ‘Psychology: Understanding the Individual’ has changed from the 2009/10 session onwards. We will no longer cover Mneumonic Techniques, so you can disregard this section of the textbook (Williamson et al pp. 46 -51). Your tutor will provide alternative reading on the new topic, eye-witness testimony, which may be included in the NAB and/or exam.<br />What just happened?<br />Working on your own, write a report of the incident shown in the NCIS clip. You should try to include as much detail as possible.<br />Once you have written your own account, compare accounts in pairs or small groups. How did your accounts differ? Whose account was the most detailed? Whose was most accurate?<br />‘Effort after meaning’<br /><ul><li>What did Bartlett mean by the term ‘effort after meaning’?
  • 2. Can you think of situations in which a friend or family member has told you about something inaccurately? Was this ‘effort after meaning’, or could there be other explanations?
  • 3. Can you think of situations in society as a whole where ‘effort after meaning’ has affected the population, in a similar way to WW2 (Allport & Postman, 1947)?
  • 4. Explain what we mean by ‘schemata’ and give your own example.
  • 5. How do our schemata affect memories? Imagine a situation in which you witness a fight between a young man wearing a shirt and tie, and another young man wearing jeans and a hoodie. The man in the shirt and tie sounds quite posh, unlike his friend. The man in the hoodie is bigger and stronger and seems to be winning the fight, until suddenly, the first man pulls a knife and stabs him, before running off. How would our schemata work in this situation?</li></ul>Loftus and Palmer’s study (1974)<br />We will be looking at Loftus and Palmer’s study in the next class.<br />Before then, use the internet to search for information about this famous psychological study. <br />What was the aim of the study?<br />What method did they use?<br />What did they find?<br />What does this tell us about confabulation and memory?<br />
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