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1. Approached and Research Methods: Case Study Mark Schemea) Using your knowledge of psychology, outline the features of a case study.Key features of a case study: ã In…
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  • 1. Approached and Research Methods: Case Study Mark Schemea) Using your knowledge of psychology, outline the features of a case study.Key features of a case study: • In depth study of individuals (sometimes groups) • Used to study examples of unusual behaviour • Collect qualitative as well as quantitative data • Provide important insights in psychological behaviour • Frequently used in therapeutic contexts • They cannot be replicated • They cannot be generalisedO marks No or irrelevant answer1 mark A very basic description (e.g. a sentence). No evidence of understanding of what a case study is. No psychological terms. Poorly expressed.2 marks The main components of a case study are described, although there may be some inaccurate information. The description might be vague. Some understanding is evident. There is some use of psychological terms.3 marks The main components of a case study are accurately described. The understanding of a case study is clear, and the use of psychological terminology is clear and accurate.4 marks The main features of a case study are clearly explained and accurately described. The case study method is clearly understood. There is comprehensive (lots) use of psychological terminology and concepts.b) Describe how the case study method was used in any two pieces ofpsychological research that you have studied. (8)You can use any case studies you have studied from your AS or A2 course.Any research that is not a case study will not get you any credit. Forexample, you could use Freud or Thigpen and Cleckley from AS. You shouldexplain how the case study method was used- look at the features of thecase study and use the research to illustrate your ideas.0 marks No or irrelevant answer1-2 The description is very basic (e.g. a sentence). There isn’t verymarks much detail about case studies, or about the studies. Case studies might not be referred to at all. There are very few psychological terms or concepts. The expression is poor.3-4 There is some use of basic psychological terminology. Only onemarks study is referred to, or the examples from the studies are very simple and basic. The description is usually accurate but isn’t detailed. There are some examples and some elaboration/explanations. The answer is not very structured. The expression is good enough to be understood.
  • 2. 5-6 There is good use of psychological terminology that is clear andmarks accurately explained. The studies chosen are clearly related to the question, and the description is mainly accurate. The description of the studies is reasonably detailed, and the answer is structured coherently (logically). The expression is competent.7- 8 There is comprehensive (lots) use of psychological terminology.marks There are clearly two pieces of research referred to, and the description is accurate, coherent and detailed. There is good use of examples and these are clearly related to the question. The answer is logically structured and the quality of the written work is excellent.c) Using examples, compare the use of case studies with any one othermethod used in psychology. (8)You can choose any other research method you like e.g. experiments, selfreport/questionnaire, correlations, quasi-experiments.The comparisons could include: types of data collected, type of analysisapplied, the strengths and weaknesses of each method and the topics/ typeof research that could be carried out.0 marks No or irrelevant answer1-3 There are very few evaluative points and these are not organised.marks The points raised are not relevant to the question. The answer shows very little psychological knowledge. There are no/very few examples from the AS/A2 studies. There is very little elaboration/explanation/use of psychological terminology.4-5 There are some evaluative points. If there are only positive ormarks only negative points then this is the top range. The points are occasionally arranged into issues/debates/approaches. The points are sometimes related to the question. There is some psychological knowledge. There are some examples from the AS/ A2 studies but these are very brief or irrelevant. There is very little discussion of the points raised.6-7 There are some evaluative points. They might be limited, ormarks imbalanced between positive and negative points. The evaluation points are usually related to the question and show good psychological knowledge. There are some relevant examples from AS/A2 studies. There is some discussion of the points raised. The answer is well structured, with points arranged into issues/debates/approaches.8-9 There is a good range of evaluative points and these are balancedmarks between positive and negative points. The points are well organised into issues/debates/methods/approaches. The points are clearly related to the question and show good psychological knowledge. There are good examples from the AS/A2 studies. There is good discussion of the points and is clear and well developed.10-12 There are many evaluative points including both positive and
  • 3. marks negative. There are two or more positive points and two or more negative points. The points are well organised into issues/debates/methods or approaches. The points are specifically related to the question and show impressive psychological knowledge. There is effective use of relevant examples from the AS/A2 course. The quality of the discussion of the points is excellent. Valid conclusions that summarise the points made are included. The answer is logically structured and there are very few spelling errors. There is comprehensive use of psychological terms.d) Explain the advantages of using the case study method. (8)You should explain the advantages of the case study method. You couldinclude: • Include highly detailed data • Very appropriate for the use of exceptional cases • Often advantageous in therapeutic cases • Collect qualitative data0 marks No or irrelevant answer1-2 There is little use of psychological terminology. The supportingmarks examples of theories/studies are limited. The explanation is mainly inaccurate, lacks structure and there is very little detail. There are many spelling errors.3-4 The use of psychological terms is limited/basic. The explanationmarks is mainly accurate and the structure is generally logical. There is a lack of detail. There is good use of examples, and the description is good. There are some spelling errors.5-6 There is good use of psychological terminology. There aremarks supporting examples from two or more studies, and these examples are reasonably detailed. The explanation of the theories/studies is mainly accurate, logical and detailed. The answer shows good understanding. The answer is logically structured and there are few spelling errors.7-8 The use of psychological terminology is comprehensive and wellmarks explained. There are relevant supporting examples from two or more theories/studies and the examples are very detailed. The explanation of knowledge is accurate and detailed. The answer is clearly related to the question. The answer is logically structured and there are very few spelling errors.e) Discuss how case study based research can be useful in our understandingof everyday life. (8)You should explain how useful case studies have been. How they can beapplied to every day life can be drawn from any part of the AS/A2specification. You must make sure it is specific to case study research, andnot about how psychology is useful generally.
  • 4. 0 marks No or irrelevant answer1-2 There are very few discussion points. There is little discussion ofmarks the points raised. The answer is not well structured. The arguments are not clearly relevant to the question. Some psychological knowledge is evident but this is limited. There is very little psychological terminology.3-4 There is a limited range of arguments that are vaguely related tomarks the question. There is some psychological knowledge, and some use of psychological terms. The discussion is not very detailed.5-6 There are some relevant discussion points. There is a range ofmarks discussion points and these are balanced. There are examples from a variety of relevant sources, and these show very good psychological knowledge. The answer is logically structured and is detailed.7-8 There is a wide range of relevant discussion points, and themarks arguments to support these are clearly structured. Examples to support these are clearly related to the question and from a variety of relevant sources. They demonstrate impressive psychological knowledge. The discussion is very detailed and thorough. The use of psychological terminology is impressive.
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