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1. Anorexia Have a look at this picture, what are your thoughts? 2. What is anorexia? <ul><li>It is a mental health illness which is put into the eating…
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  • 1. Anorexia Have a look at this picture, what are your thoughts?
  • 2. What is anorexia? <ul><li>It is a mental health illness which is put into the eating disorder category. </li></ul><ul><li>Severe problems with eating. </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety about their weight. </li></ul><ul><li>Sufferers keep weight as low as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Strictly control what they eat. </li></ul>
  • 3. Behavioural symptoms <ul><li>Irritability & difficulty interacting with other people. </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in concentration levels </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty sleeping and fatigue during the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsive and obsessive behaviours around cleanliness, tidiness and exercise. </li></ul>
  • 4. Behavioural symptoms continued… <ul><li>Obsessive about their body/appearance. </li></ul><ul><li>Obsessive about food/ fat/ calories. </li></ul><ul><li>High academic achievers. </li></ul><ul><li>Constant strive for perfection. </li></ul>
  • 5. Physical symptoms <ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Dry/flaky skin </li></ul><ul><li>Downy hair growing on the face, back and arms. </li></ul><ul><li>Hair thinning or loss. </li></ul><ul><li>Brittle nails. </li></ul>
  • 6. Medical complications of anorexia: <ul><li>Slow heart rate </li></ul><ul><li>Low blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Arrhythmia </li></ul><ul><li>Constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal pain </li></ul><ul><li>Hormone imbalance </li></ul><ul><li>Slow thyroid function </li></ul><ul><li>Osteoporosis </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney failure </li></ul><ul><li>Anaemia </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of periods </li></ul><ul><li>Potential high risk of infection and suppressed immunity </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>
  • 7. Anorexic behaviours <ul><li>Extreme use of laxatives </li></ul><ul><li>Over exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Strict calorie counting </li></ul><ul><li>Making themselves sick after eating </li></ul><ul><li>Obsessive about food </li></ul>
  • 8. Statistics on anorexia <ul><li>Anorexia has one of the highest mortality rates of any mental illness. </li></ul><ul><li>It is one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in young women (HSU, 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 1 in 10 cases of anorexia are males (This is rising). </li></ul>
  • 9. Causes <ul><li>Anorexics usually have problems in their lives so regulate what they eat to have control over something. </li></ul><ul><li>Anorexia is often linked to severe anxiety. </li></ul>
  • 10. Look at the article: <ul><li>Katie’s story </li></ul><ul><li>What is your initial reaction? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you think this article relates to what you already know about anorexia? </li></ul>
  • 11. Video clip <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Write notes on this video clip </li></ul>
  • 12. Think about…. <ul><li>How similar is Leslie’s case to Katie’s story? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the similarities and differences? </li></ul>
  • 13. Treatments: CBT : Cognitive behavioural therapy. Psychotherapy : Individual or group therapy: Aim: To explore the issues underlying the eating disorder. Nutritional counselling : teaching suffers about nutrition, designing meal plans and setting dietry goals. Support groups
  • 14. Do you think that society causes anorexia? <ul><li>E.g. the media </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrities </li></ul><ul><li>What is your opinion of groups who encourage anorexia? Eg: Pro anorexia groups. </li></ul>
  • 15. Dysfunctional behaviours crossword!
  • 16. Useful websites… <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  • 17. Plenary <ul><li>Tell me 3 facts you have learnt about any dysfunctional behaviour. </li></ul>
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