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1. Disruption of Attachment<br />Failure to form attachment<br />And the effects of <br />Institutionalization <br /> 2. Deprivation<br…
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  • 1. Disruption of Attachment<br />Failure to form attachment<br />And the effects of <br />Institutionalization <br />
  • 2. Deprivation<br /><ul><li>Bowlby’s Maternal deprivation Hypo.
  • 3. loss of emotional care, leads to the breaking of emotional bonds
  • 4. disrupting attachment – behavioural problems
  • 5. 44 thieves
  • 6. 88 part. 44 thieves. 44 control
  • 7. interviews
  • 8. 16/44 thieves classed as affectionless psychopaths
  • 9. most of these had experienced prolonged separation
  • 10. Rest frequent separation
  • 11. Rutters PDD model
  • 12. stress rather than separation that causes the breaking of emotional bonds
  • 13. main attachment need not be with the mother
  • 14. Establishes ST and LT effects of deprivation
  • 15. Protest – distressed(crying) re-establish link with caregiver
  • 16. Despair – less hopeful, active, conserving energy
  • 17. Detachment – emotionally detached, wont respond to primary caregiver (avoidant/resistant attachment)
  • 18. Laura case study
  • 19. stay in hospital 8 days, restricted access
  • 20. time sampling technique
  • 21. distressed</li></li></ul><li>Privation<br /><ul><li>Never forming early attachment
  • 22. Rymer – case study Genie
  • 23. most of her life locked in a room, couldn’t stand, talk, malnourished
  • 24. went to child hospital improved learned some language
  • 25. went to foster home, interested in learning and showed more improvement
  • 26. back with mother then foster home, abused leading to retardation
  • 27. Chicken girl
  • 28. 8 yrs in a chicken coop
  • 29. not toilet trained
  • 30. couldn’t speak
  • 31. acted like a chicken
  • 32. little progress when institutionalised
  • 33. Freud and Dann
  • 34. jewish children(6) seperated at birth
  • 35. angry and violent toward adults
  • 36. formed infant-infant bonds
  • 37. as adults the effects of privation were reversed and normal intelligence</li></li></ul><li>Institutionalization<br /><ul><li> Hodges and Tizzard
  • 38. Opportunity sample 65 children in care of before the age of 4 months, matched pairs design
  • 39. longitudinal assessed at ages 4,8,16 assessed
  • 40. some were adopted, others returned to their original parents and the rest stayed in the institution
  • 41. those who remained were assessed on the emotional and social competance
  • 42. interviews and Q.
  • 43. Those adopted formed secure attachments : those not adopted
  • 44. Both sets were attention seeking
  • 45. Spitz
  • 46. very poor orphanages
  • 47. children suffered from anaclitic depression and little attention
  • 48. Goldfarb
  • 49. early institutionalisation has a –ve effects on development and is not overcome
  • 50. 15 orphans matched pairs design, longitudinal 3,6,9,12
  • 51. 2 groups. 1st adopted before 9 months. 2nd in orphanages for 3 yrs before being adopted
  • 52. 2nd had low intelligence, behavioural problems and emotionally distant
  • 53. Earlier they were adopted the effects lessened</li>
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