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1. The multi-store model is an early but influential model of memory that many psychologists still find useful today. It has allowed psychologists to construct testable…
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  • 1. The multi-store model is an early but influential model of memory that many psychologists still find useful today. It has allowed psychologists to construct testable models of memory and provided foundations for later important work.Morris et al (1985) showed that previous knowledge and interest in football could help in the recall of fictitious football scores. This suggests a two-way from of information between LTM and STM.There is considerable research evidence for the distinction between making the distinction between several types of memory store; sensory, short-term and long-term.Cohen (1990) argues that memory capacity cannot be measured purely in terms of the amount of information to be recalled, but rather the nature of information to be recalled. Some things seem to be harder to learn regardless of the amount there is to learn!Several case studies exist that further support the distinction between types of memory store. Miller (1996) reported the case of HM, an individual who appeared to have an intact STM but defective LTM, as he was unable to recall or retain new information over long periods.Rehearsal is not always needed for information to be stored and some items can’t be rehearsed e.g. smells.Bekerian and Baddeley (1980) found that people didn’t know of the changes to BBC radio wavelengths despite hearing the information, on average, well over 1000 times. This suggests rehearsal is not the only factor in transferring information from STM to LTM.The recency effect appears in serial recall tasks. Items at the end of a list seem to be better recalled than those in the middle. Earlier items are remembered because they have been rehearsed and transferred to LTM. Later items are still in STM.The MSM is too simple and fails to reflect the complexity of human memory. It assumes that there is a single STM and single LTM store. However Baddeley (1973) showed participants could combine several STM tasks provided they use different sensory modalities.Much of the evidence for the multi-store model comes from artificial laboratory studies, which might not reflect how memory works in everyday life.The multi-store model is an early but influential model of memory that many psychologists still find useful today. It has allowed psychologists to construct testable models of memory and provided foundations for later important work.Morris et al (1985) showed that previous knowledge and interest in football could help in the recall of fictitious football scores. This suggests a two-way from of information between LTM and STM.There is considerable research evidence for the distinction between making the distinction between several types of memory store; sensory, short-term and long-term.Cohen (1990) argues that memory capacity cannot be measured purely in terms of the amount of information to be recalled, but rather the nature of information to be recalled. Some things seem to be harder to learn regardless of the amount there is to learn!Several case studies exist that further support the distinction between types of memory store. Miller (1996) reported the case of HM, an individual who appeared to have an intact STM but defective LTM, as he was unable to recall or retain new information over long periods.Rehearsal is not always needed for information to be stored and some items can’t be rehearsed e.g. smells.Bekerian and Baddeley (1980) found that people didn’t know of the changes to BBC radio wavelengths despite hearing the information, on average, well over 1000 times. This suggests rehearsal is not the only factor in transferring information from STM to LTM.The recency effect appears in serial recall tasks. Items at the end of a list seem to be better recalled than those in the middle. Earlier items are remembered because they have been rehearsed and transferred to LTM. Later items are still in STM.The MSM is too simple and fails to reflect the complexity of human memory. It assumes that there is a single STM and single LTM store. However Baddeley (1973) showed participants could combine several STM tasks provided they use different sensory modalities.Much of the evidence for the multi-store model comes from artificial laboratory studies, which might not reflect how memory works in everyday life.<br />
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