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1. 1 PSYCHOLOG Y UNIT TWO REVISON By ASHA AKHTAR Year 12 2. 2 Subject:Psychology Topic Area: Biological Psychology-Stress (Unit Two) By ASHA AKHTAR Year 12 3. 3 BIOLGICAL…
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  • 1. 1 PSYCHOLOG Y UNIT TWO REVISON By ASHA AKHTAR Year 12
  • 2. 2 Subject:Psychology Topic Area: Biological Psychology-Stress (Unit Two) By ASHA AKHTAR Year 12
  • 3. 3 BIOLGICAL PSYCHOLOGY PART ONE •Defining stress-sir •Transactional models of stress •Bodies response to stress-HPA and SAM pathway •DIFFERENT EFFECTS ON BODY •Selye’s GAS model-ARE • types of stress: Segerstorm and Miller • immune system:Cohen-common cold - Kiecolt-Glaser et al-naturalistic lifer stressors •Type of stressors and impact on immune system-meta-review
  • 4. 4 PART TWO •Life changes and daily hassles- Holmes and Rahe - Rahe et al. •Workplace stress-factors -Karasek -Marmot et al. -Cooper et al- the occupational stress indicator •Personality- type A behaviour-Rosenman et al Hardiness-Kobasa BIOLGICAL PSYCHOLOGY Sources of Stress Environment Control Workplace Home-work Interference
  • 5. 5 PART THREE PSYCHOLOGICAL METHODS OF STRESS MANAGEMENT INFORMAL- problem versus emotion focused coping FORMAL-CBT-SIT and Hardiness training PHYSIOLOGICAL METHODS OF STRESS MANAGEMENT DRUGS-BZ’S and Beta-blockers PHYSIOLOGICAL and PSYCHOLOGICAL METHODS OF STRESS MANAGEMENT -biofeedback -relaxation & meditation -physical exercise -social support BIOLGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 6. 6 Subject:Psychology Topic Area: Social Psychology-Social Influence (Unit Two) By ASHA AKHTAR Year 12
  • 7. 7 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY TYPES OF COMFORMITY: -COMPLIANCE (Sherif and Asch ) -IDENTIFICATION (Zimbardo) -INTERNALISATION (clark) FACTORS AFFECTING CONFORMINY MAJORITY INFLUENCE MINORITY INFLUENCE PART ONE
  • 8. 8 EXPLAINING MINORITY INFLUENCE -consistency -dual process theory -social impact theory -social influence model EXPLAINING MAJORITY INFLUNECE WHY PEOPLE CONFORM Dual process dependency model Normative social influence Informational social influence Social identity explanations Referent Informational influence SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 9. 9 OBEDIENCE LAB BASED EXPERIEMNT – MILGRAM Factors affecting obedience FIELD BASED EXPERIMENT -HOFLING --BICKMAN --SEDIKIDES & JACKSON ETHICS CREATION OF AN ALIBI VALIDITY OF RESEARCH CONSEQUENCES OF SITUATIONAL PERSEPCTIVE EVALUATION OF RESEARCH SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 10. 10 Why people obey Situational Personality -legitimate authority -the agency theory -graduated commitment -buffers -authoritarian personality -Adorno REAL LIFE OBEDIENCE SITUATIONS FOR EXAMPLE WARS, ATTROCITIES ETC. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 11. 11 PART TWO WHY PEOPLE RESIST PRESSURES- ASCH, MILGRAM, HOFLING SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY SITUATIONAL FACTORS IN DISOBEDIENCE •Fireman and Rytina •Smith and Mackie PERSONALITY FACTORS IN DISOBEDIENCE •Oliner and oliner •Elms and Milgram Locus of control Rotter Williams and warchal Atgis Developing independent behaviour and using and abusing power
  • 12. 12 Subject:Psychology Topic Area: Individual Differences- Abnormality (Unit Two) By ASHA AKHTAR Year 12
  • 13. 13 INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCESDEFINATIONS -DSN-deviation of social norms -FFA-failure to function adequately -DIMH-deviation from mental health Strengths and weakness Key assumptions and nature versus nurture debate 1.Structure of personality –id, ego and superego 2.Psychosexual development-oral, anal, Phallic and latency stage Classical, operant and social learning to abnormality WATSON AND RAYNER Beck and Ellis model of negative thoughts PART ONE
  • 14. 14 PART TWO: Treating abnormality 1.Psychosurgery 2.Ect 3.Drugs Link to Schizophrenia, depression 1.Free association 2.Dream analysis 3.Projective tests Link to depression ‘behavioural therapy’-classical conditioning 1.Systematic desensitisation 2.Flooding 3.Aversion therapy Link to Phobias, eating disorder ‘behavioural modification’-operant & Social learning Condition 1.Token economy 2.social learning theory 1.Becks cognitive therap 2.CBT Link to depression INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
  • 15. 15 Effectivness of therapies 1.Small size -patient assesment -placebo control group 1.Elkin et al 2.Davidosn et al Methodological and ethical issues INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
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