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1. PSYCHOANALYSIS Tell me about your dreams … .and I’ll tell you about my dreams 3. 1900: THE INTERPRETATION OF DREAMS <ul><li>Repressed contents of day…
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  • 1. PSYCHOANALYSIS Tell me about your dreams … .and I’ll tell you about my dreams
  • 3. 1900: THE INTERPRETATION OF DREAMS <ul><li>Repressed contents of day pushed into the unconscious. </li></ul><ul><li>Dreams help in the resolution of unconscious conflict (generated by the ID drive called EROS) </li></ul><ul><li>Dreams act as a safe release of “emotional steam”. </li></ul><ul><li>Most dreams = “wish fulfilment” </li></ul>Dreams are the royal road to the unconscious activities of the mind
  • 4. <ul><li>Manifest Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>remembered story line of a dream. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Latent Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>underlying, censored meaning of a dream </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often sexual arousal during dreams indicates hidden urges being manifest (Klester, 1980) </li></ul></ul>Most dreams have a symbolic meaning SOME TIMES A CIGAR IS JUST A CIGAR Day Residue = content of the day emerges in the dream content
  • 5. Latent content <ul><li>All symbolism has to be translated by an analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Many images can fit into the existing context of the day (things heard, mythology, culture) </li></ul><ul><li>There are no universal symbols, but they are individual. </li></ul><ul><li>The dreamer cannot offer any associations by themselves (as they are guided by unconscious) </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Anxious dreams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expression of a conflict between the EGO and ID. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are products of infantile sexual memories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are cathartic, in that they allow the resolution of the inner conflict. </li></ul></ul>Nightmares?
  • 7. Latent content?
  • 8. Latent content?
  • 9. Latent content?
  • 10. Latent content?
  • 11. Latent content?
  • 12. Latent content?
  • 13. Latent content of actions?
  • 14. Latent content of actions?
  • 15. Latent content? <ul><li>Teeth – if your teeth fall out in your dreams it means you feel powerless, or sexually impotent. </li></ul><ul><li>Being chased – Your anxieties are being manifest, the chaser could represent a part of you, which are harmful. </li></ul><ul><li>Falling – Instability, insecurity, anxiety – all the usual suspects in falling dreams. This often accompanied by twitch’s and jerks in early sleep. Freud reckoned it was all bout the sudden fear of giving in to a sexual urge. </li></ul><ul><li>Nudity – Dreaming you are naked in public, may indicate that you have something to hide, that you have made a mistake, or feeling ashamed at something. </li></ul>
  • 16. Evaluation of Freudian dream theory <ul><li>Freud should be credited with being bold enough to put forward a theory in a repressed 19 th century society. Some of his patients were probably experiencing wish fulfilment. </li></ul><ul><li>Dreams do tell us a great deal about the way the dreamer is feeling. </li></ul><ul><li>There is little empirical evidence to support Freud's claims about dreams. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s the “subjectivity” of the interpretation that the scientific community rejects. </li></ul>
  • 17. Jung “ it is plain foolishness to believe in ready-made systematic guides to dream interpretation,as if one could simply buy a reference book and look up a particular symbol” Jung Dreams compensate for failures in our own potential.
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    Jul 23, 2017
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