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1. PY2: Core Studies and Applied research Methods: Introduction Overview of PY2: Core Studies and Applied Research MethodsCORE STUDIES (Section A and B)The first section…
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  • 1. PY2: Core Studies and Applied research Methods: Introduction Overview of PY2: Core Studies and Applied Research MethodsCORE STUDIES (Section A and B)The first section requires you to know about 10 core studies which use a range of research methods, fromvarious fields in psychology. Study Field Type 1 Loftus and Palmer (1974) Cognitive 2 Asch (1955) Social Lab experiment 3 Milgram (1963) Social 4 Gibson & Walk (1960) Developmental 5 Langer & Rodin (1976) Developmental Field Experiment 6 Rahe et al (1970) Physiological Correlation 7 Rosenhan (1973) Individual Differences Naturalistic observation 8 Bennett-Levy & Marteau (1984) Physiological Questionnaire 9 Buss (1989) Individual Differences 10 Gardner & Gardner (1969) Cognitive Case StudyFor each core study, you need to be able to describe (AO1) o Aims and Context o Procedures o Findings and conclusionsFor each core study, you need to be able to evaluate: (AO2) o The methodology used in the core study o The findings/conclusions in comparison with complementary/alternative research findingsThe questions you will be asked are (the blanks are one of the 10 cores studies) 1: Outline the aims and context of ____________________________ [12] 2: Outline the procedures of __________________________ [12] 3: Outline the findings and conclusions of _____________________________ [12] 4: Evaluate the methodology used in ___________________________ [12] 5: Critically assess _________________________ with reference to alternative evidence [12]In the exam you will be asked 6 questions; 1,2,3,4,5 and one more of either 4 or 5APPLIED RESEARCH METHODS (Section C)The second section tests your knowledge of research methods by asking you to apply your knowledge to anew stimulus material. You need to know about the following • Issues of validity and reliability and how to ensure them • Advantages and disadvantages of qualitative and quantitative research methods • Advantages and disadvantages of the following research methods o Laboratory, field and natural experiments o Correlations o Observations
  • 2. PY2: Core Studies and Applied research Methods: Introduction o Questionnaires and interviews o Case studies. • Ethical issues in research • Advantages and disadvantages of sampling methods • Advantages and disadvantages of the following methods of describing data o Categorisation and development of a coding system o Content analysis o Mean, median, mode and range o Scatter graphs, bar charts and histogramsIn the exam you will be given two novel studies; these are made up studies that you will not have comeacross before. You will be asked the same six 3 mark questions about each study. You only answer thequestions on one of these studies. a) Outline one advantage and one disadvantage of using this research methodology in this research. [3] b) Identify one issue of reliability in this research and describe how you could deal with this issue of reliability. [3] c) Identify one issue of validity in this research and describe how you could deal with this issue of validity. [3] d) Outline one advantage and one disadvantage of the sampling method used in this research. [3] e) Discuss one ethical issue that might arise in this research. [3] f) State one conclusion that can be drawn from the results of this research. [3]Tips for success! o Divide your folder into two halves – one for the core studies, and one for research methods. File away your hand-outs regularly. If you are not sure in which section a hand-out belongs, look at the header. o Bring your PY2 folder and textbook to every lesson. o Much of what was covered in PY1 can be used in this module. Keep your notes and refer back to them when necessary. o For section A and B, the situation is similar as that in PY1; you know exactly what questions you could be asked. Therefore, you do not need to ask for past papers, as you can practice questions whenever you want. For section C, similarly, the questions are always the same, but you can ask Miss Minaker for sample stimulus material. o There is more to learn for PY2 than there was for PY1. Therefore, you need to start revising right from the start. In particular there are many facts and figures which need to be remembered precisely. Make yourself flashcards and test yourself regularly.
  • 3. PY2: Core Studies and Applied research Methods: Introductiono Revise with a friend. Test each other on the key information for each study.o Create wall charts and visual displays to make the data easier to understand.
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