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1. This Be the Verse They fuck you up, your mum and dad They may not mean to, but they do They fill you with the faults they had And add some extra, just for you But they…
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  • 1. This Be the Verse They fuck you up, your mum and dad They may not mean to, but they do They fill you with the faults they had And add some extra, just for you But they were fucked up on their turn By fools in old style hats and coats, Who half the time were soppy-stern And half at one another’s throats Man hands on misery to man It deepens like a coastal shelf Get out as early as you can And don’s have any kids yourself. Philip Larkin
  • 2. Behaviourist Perspective <ul><li>ASSUMPTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviour is purely the result of environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Born with tabula rasa (blank slate). </li></ul><ul><li>3 parts to perspective: </li></ul><ul><li>Classical conditioning – learning by association (Pavlov’s dogs) </li></ul><ul><li>Operant conditioning – learning by trial and error (Skinner’s rats) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Learning Theory - (Bandura & Bobo doll) </li></ul>
  • 3. Psychodynamic Perspective <ul><li>ASSUMPTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Believes all behaviour is the result of inner conflict in the mind (in the unconscious). </li></ul><ul><li>A person is in continual conflict with the various drives inside them (ID, EGO & SUPEREGO). </li></ul><ul><li>The key to good mental health is to resolve these conflicts. </li></ul><ul><li>Freud led a lot of these ideas. </li></ul>
  • 4. Sigmund Freud <ul><li>“ The goal of all life is death” </li></ul>
  • 5. The Unconscious The conscious. The small amount of mental activity we know about. The preconscious . Things we could be aware of if we wanted or tried. The unconscious . Things we are unaware of and can not become aware of. Thoughts Perceptions Memories Stored knowledge Fears Unacceptable sexual desires Violent motives Irrational wishes Immoral urges Selfish needs Shameful experiences Traumatic experiences Bad Worse Really Bad
  • 6. The Unconscious <ul><li>Dreams – can be obvious or hidden messages in dreams. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypnosis – unlocks ideas pushed into the unconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Free association – lie on a </li></ul><ul><li>couch and talk freely about </li></ul><ul><li>what you are thinking. </li></ul>
  • 7. The Psyche (Personality) Id: Instincts Superego: Morality Ego: Reality
  • 8. Healthy Psyche Id Superego Ego OK Guys – I’m in charge. Anything you want has to go through me. OK. OK.
  • 9. Neurotic Id Superego Ego Listen up! I’m in charge, and you are not here to enjoy yourselves. Get ready for a double-size portion of anxiety with a side order of guilt! No fun. >whimper<
  • 10. Psychotic Id Superego Ego Sex! Food! Drink! Drugs! NOW! Who turned out the lights?
  • 11. Defence Mechanisms <ul><li>We can protect ourselves from full awareness of unpleasant thoughts, feelings and desires. </li></ul><ul><li>We call these “defence mechanisms.” </li></ul><ul><li>These are ways in which the ego protects us from the real truth!!! </li></ul>
  • 12. Defence Mechanisms <ul><li>1. Denial – stating an anxiety/problem does not </li></ul><ul><li>exist. </li></ul>“ I do NOT have a drink problem”
  • 13. Defence Mechanisms <ul><li>2. Displacement – take out impulses on less </li></ul><ul><li>threatening. </li></ul>
  • 14. Defence Mechanisms <ul><li>3. Projection – placing unacceptable impulses </li></ul><ul><li>onto someone else. </li></ul>“ You have got a real drink problem my friend…not me” “ ME??”
  • 15. Defence Mechanisms <ul><li>4. Regression: Returning to a previous stage of development. </li></ul>
  • 16. Defence Mechanisms <ul><li>5. Repression/Suppression: putting information into unconscious. </li></ul>“ I have no memory of being kidnapped when I was 5 – it’s as if it never happened…” “ This is because it was traumatic so you pushed it into your unconscious”
  • 17. Defence Mechanisms <ul><li>Denial – stating an anxiety/problem does not exist. </li></ul><ul><li>Displacement – take out impulses on less threatening. </li></ul><ul><li>Projection – placing unacceptable impulses onto someone else. </li></ul><ul><li>Regression: returning to a previous stage of development. </li></ul><ul><li>Repression/Suppression: putting information into unconscious. </li></ul>
  • 18. Defence Mechanisms <ul><li>Read the extract on Amy Winehouse. Find the 5 defence mechanisms in their story. </li></ul><ul><li>Make up a scenario for another celebrity using the 5 defence mechanisms. The more bizarre the better!!! </li></ul>
  • 19. Developmental Influences <ul><li>Freud believes that early childhood influences determine the adult personality. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parental behaviour is crucial to normal development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality and mental health problems in adulthood can usually be traced back to the first five years. </li></ul></ul>
  • 20. Psychosexual Stages Oral Anal Phallic Latent Genital The mouth – sucking, swallowing etc. The anus – withholding or expelling faeces The penis or clitoris - masturbation Little or no sexual motivation present The penis or vagina – sexual intercourse EGO develops SUPEREGO develops
  • 21. Fixation Oral Anal Phallic Forceful feeding Deprivation Early weaning Toilet training: Too harsh Too lax Abnormal family set-up leading to unusual relationship with mother/father Oral activities (e.g. smoking), dependency, aggression. Obsessiveness, tidiness, mean-ness; untidiness, generosity Vanity, self-obsession, sexual anxiety , inadequacy, inferiority, envy
  • 22. Freud <ul><li>Freud believed that young boys fantasised about being with their mothers in a sexual relationship, therefore wanted their fathers to die. This is called the Oedipus Complex. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, young girls fantasise about their fathers and want their mothers dead. This is called the Electra Complex. </li></ul>
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