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1. A STUDY OF INFANT ATTACHMENT IN GLASGOW Schaffer and Emerson [1964] 2. Stage Age Response Asocial 0-6 weeks Very young infants are asocial in that many kinds of…
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  • 1. A STUDY OF INFANT ATTACHMENT IN GLASGOW Schaffer and Emerson [1964]
  • 2. Stage Age Response Asocial 0-6 weeks Very young infants are asocial in that many kinds of stimuli, both social and non social, produce a favourable reaction, such as a smile, Very few produce protest. Indiscriminate attachment 6 weeks - 7 months Infants indiscriminately enjoy human company . They get upset when an individual ceases to interact with them. From 3 months smile more at familiar faces and comforted easily be a regular care giver. Specific attachment The first true attachment 7 months -9 months Expresses protest when separated from one particular individual. They attempt to stay close to the person, and show wariness of strangers . Multiple attachment 10 months onward Children begin to attach to others . By 18 months the majority of infants have formed multiple attachments.
  • 3. <ul><li>Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Longitudinal </li></ul><ul><li>60 infants </li></ul><ul><li>Age between 5 weeks – 23 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Observed every 4 weeks until 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Observed at 18 months </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>Within one month of first becoming attached: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>29% of infants had multiple attachments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Within 6 months this had risen to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>78% of infants having multiple attachments </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>Most infants maintained one principle object of attachment </li></ul><ul><li>The primary object of attachment was not always the one who fed and bathed the infant </li></ul><ul><li>39% of infants attached to someone other than the person who fed and bathed them </li></ul><ul><li>Schaffer and Emerson reported that there was little relationship between the time spent together and attachment </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><ul><li>Responsiveness appeared to be the key to attachment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensely attached infants had mothers who responded quickly to their demands and, interacted with their child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infants who were weakly attached had mothers who failed to interact </li></ul></ul>
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