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1. IB PSYCHOLOGY INTERNAL ASSESSMENT Higher Level IB 2011 Name____________________ 2. The Internal Assessment in Psychology The internal assessment (IA) in IB Diploma…
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  • 1. IB PSYCHOLOGY INTERNAL ASSESSMENT Higher Level IB 2011 Name____________________
  • 2. The Internal Assessment in Psychology The internal assessment (IA) in IB Diploma Programme Psychology is a replication of a simple experiment. For all candidates the first step is to choose an experiment to replicate. In principle, it can be any experiment, but you should choose one in which it us east to identify the variables under investigation. The success of your own experiment is to a large extent dependent on finding an appropriate study for your research. It is essential that your research be based on an experiment that has been published; you should not invent something of your own. Be aware of the following – • HL candidates may carry out a replication of a published study or make modifications to the original study. What to do – The best advice is to keep your experiment simple. Here is a set of guidelines for getting started. • Find the experiment first. DO NOT choose a topic and then spend hours looking for an experiment. Cognitive experiments are often the easiest to do. • You must manipulate only ONE variable. • You should only measure ONE dependent variable. • Make sure that you can actually analyse your data – so you end up with a two lists of numbers! • Experiment must meet ethical guidelines. What to avoid Be aware that there are certain things to avoid. Failure to do so means that your internal assessment will score zero. You must avoid: • Conformity and obedience studies • Animal research • Placebo experiments • Experiments involving ingestion • Experiments involving deprivation • Experiments involving young children • Quasi-experiments are a no no! • Correlations • Questionnaires • A pre-designed test Important – please back up all documents! That means anything you type you save at least twice! One way to make sure that it is ‘uber’ safe is to send it to yourself in an e-mail- hotmail, yahoo, google mail etc are unlikely to fail on you! (hope so! ) 1
  • 3. Summary of report format- make sure you tick every box Sections What You Need Done  Title Page Title Candidate name and number Subject Level Date of submission Word Count (between 1500-2000) Abstract - Summary of aims Identify IV & DV Summary of procedure Summary of results Conclusion Introduction Review of background literature (no more than 3 pieces) Aim of the research Null and Research/experimental hypotheses Method DESIGN - types and justification Identification of the IV and DV Controls Ethical Procedures PARTICIPANTS- characteristics of the sample Sampling technique + justification Relevant characteristics of the target population MATERIALS – list of materials used Reference to copies in appendices PROCEDURES- Itemized in sufficient detail to allow full replication Results Narrative account of results Descriptive stats + interpretation Graph- that reflect the aim of the research Analysis using inferential statistics & justification Discussion Discussion of results Linking of the results to literature in introduction Identification of limitations of the methodology Suggestions for further research Statement of conclusion Presentation Word limit – 1500-2000 words References section – all research cited using the Harvard method of referencing Appendices Supplementary information One copy of the instruments/materials used Copy of standardized briefing and debriefing notes. Make sure that you do not write the report in first person – e.g I did this and I did that…… Always write in third person; e.g . ‘the experiment’, ‘the participants’ etc. 1
  • 4. Background Information The introduction The HL introduction must contain relevant previous research and relevant theories. The introduction should develop logically into a statement of the reason for the current experiment, ending with a clear statement of the investigation’s aim(s) and hypotheses. • You should begin with a general introduction to the psychological subject area under investigation • Then give a brief summary of the theory and key pieces of research associated with the topic under investigation. You should not include more than three pieces of research associated with the topic under investigation • Keep full details of the references while reading • The rationale (reasons) behind your investigations: how did your ideas develop from the previous research and why was this considered to be an interesting area of investigation? • You should specify the aim of your study and include details about why you chose your hypothesis. • The introduction should end with a statement of your specific research hypothesis- that is, a clear prediction of what you expect to find through your investigation. The research hypothesis should be clearly justified by previous research. It should be written in an operationalized form, which is precisely testable. • The null hypothesis (alternative hypothesis) should state that the results found that are not due to the manipulation of variables, but rather due to chance. 1
  • 5. Details of Background Information 1
  • 6. List of the References – book read and work cited. 1
  • 7. Internal Assessment – An Experiment What are you going to investigate? Please state your HE - experimental and null hypotheses HN- Please state the IV and IV DV the DV What is the DESIGN of Design Why? your experiment? Independent/Repeated? Please describe your 2 Condition A conditions. Condition B Give details of the Sampling Method Advantages? sampling method Disadvantages Give details of the sample Give details of the controls used in the experiment Will any ethical guidelines be contravened? 1
  • 8. What materials are used in the experiment Please give details of the procedure. Starting with gaining consent and ending with debriefing the participants 1
  • 9. Data collected – please give details of the raw Co scores nd iti on A Co nd iti on B A B 1 Me an 2 Mo de 3 Me dia n 4 1
  • 10. Test of Difference Explain why you have chosen this test Mann Whitney U or Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test? Analysis of Statistical test – stick your print out here Analysis of Results Describe what the table shows 1
  • 11. N Tails Probabili ty Observe d Critical Hypothes is Sketch Visual statistic display – bar chart to show the means for each condition. Discussion State what the results show and what you have found. 1
  • 12. Evaluation of the procedure and method Recommendations for future research And effects of different designs and samples 1
  • 13. Appendices Please include – your materials that you have used and details of standardised instructions. 1
  • 14. IB Specification 1
  • 15. For your information 1
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