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1. The Psychodynamic Approach: 2009 Revision AJW Multi-choice Questions 1. According to Freud, the libido is a person’s A the desire to find rational…
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  • 1. The Psychodynamic Approach: 2009 Revision AJW Multi-choice Questions 1. According to Freud, the libido is a person’s A the desire to find rational explanantions B desire for food C sexual desire D morality (1) 2. Many of Freud’s patients were suffering from a set of mental health difficulties collectively known as neuroses; people with neuroses A are unaware of their difficulties and do not usually seek help B are aware of their difficulties but have no self knowledge and cannot get better through talking about their problems C are unaware of their difficulties but have enough insight to get better D are aware of their difficulties and may have enough insight into them to help them to get better through talking with a therapist. (1) 3. In Freud’s theory whereabouts is the id? A in the unconscious and in the preconscious B only in the unconscious C in the conscious, preconscious and unconscious D only in the conscious (1) 4. In Freud’s theory whereabouts is the superego? A in the unconscious and in the preconscious B only in the unconscious C in the conscious, preconscious and unconscious D only in the conscious (1) 5. In Freud’s theory whereabouts is the ego? A in the unconscious and in the preconscious B only in the unconscious C in the conscious, preconscious and unconscious D only in the conscious (1) 6. Which is the largest part of the mind? A the preconscious B the unconscious
  • 2. The Psychodynamic Approach: 2009 Revision AJW C the conscious D the conscience (1) 7. What is contained in the conscious? A the thoughts, ideas, emotions, and other aspects of thinking of which we are aware B the thoughts, ideas, emotions, and other aspects of thinking that can be accessed and are ready to be known about, but that we are not currently conscious of C the place from which all thoughts, ideas, emotions, and other aspects of thinking originate where socially unacceptable desires and other anxiety provoking materials is stored D knowledge of cultural and social norms which constrain and regulate our behaviour (1) 8. In Freud’s theory which words best describe the id? A demanding, impulsive, childlike, pleasure-seeking B rational, realistic, objective, compromising C moralistic, controlling D distant, withdrawn, aloof (1) 9. Defence mechanisms are the means by which: A The ego defends itself against the id and superego becoming too powerful B The superego ensures the id does not become too demanding C The id makes sure its needs are not ignored by the ego and the superego D The parts of the personality keep in touch with reality (1) 10. According to Freud what is it that determines our behaviour? A neurotransmitter levels, hormones and genetic inheritance B repressed memories, desires and unresolved conflicts from childhood C experiences throughout life from infancy through to old age D social pressure from peers and the cultural norms of the society in which we live (1) 11. Freud’s developed psychoanalytic therapy which helped people by A observing people in everyday situations and suggesting possible alternatives B making them write down their thoughts and look for patterns C making unconscious thoughts conscious, freeing people from their pasts and allowing them greater control over their futures D implanting positive ideas into the unconscious mind while the patient was hypnotised and therefore unaware of his suggestions (1) 12. The superego comprises two components: A conscience and the ego ideal
  • 3. The Psychodynamic Approach: 2009 Revision AJW B ego ideal and thanatos C conscience and the libido D conscience and eros (1) 13. The biological component of the mind in Freud’s opinion was the: A the thanatos which is the death instinct B the ego which comprises the reality principle and sometimes acts as a censor C the superego which comprises ego ideal and conscience D the id which comprises the instructs eros and thanatos (1) 14. The superego has been described as the A the biological component of the mind B the social component of the mind C the cultural component of the mind D the psychological component of the mind (1) 15. Freud famously called dream the royal road to the unconscious. He said that the dream we remember is the A latent content B manifest content C unconscious content D true meaning of the dream (1) 16. The ego has a role most similar to A a peace-keeper B a renegade fighter C a sleeping giant D an angry toddler (1) 17. Which defence mechanism is most similar to repression? A projection B denial C sublimation D displacement (1) 18. Repression is sometimes called... A the royal road to the unconscious B symptom substitution C graduated exposure
  • 4. The Psychodynamic Approach: 2009 Revision AJW D motivated forgetting (1) 19. What is meant by projection? A attributing one’s own unacceptable thoughts, feelings, desires, or qualities to another person B transferring thoughts, feelings or desires relating to one thing onto another thing C channelling less acceptable thoughts, feelings or desires into a more socially acceptable activity D adopting behaviours characteristics of an earlier stage of development to avoid some conflict or other (1) 20. Adams et al (1996) demonstrated that 80% of homophobic men became sexually aroused whilst watching homosexual pornography compared with only 30% of non-homophobic men. He concluded that this may be evidence for: A projection B regression C reaction formation D sublimation (1) 21. Williams (1994) reported that 38% of women sexually assaulted in childhood (all at least 17 years previous) had no recollection of the assault and concluded that this may be evidence for the defence mechanism A repression B regression C reaction formation D rationalisation (1) 22. The ego develops A at puberty B during the transition between the oral and anal stage C as a consequence of a well resolved Oedipus complex D when a baby is born into the world (1) 23. The superego develops A at puberty B during the transition between the oral and anal stage C as a consequence of a well resolved Oedipus complex D when a baby is born into the world (1) 24. If a child is aged 5, what stage of development is he said to be in? A oral B latency
  • 5. The Psychodynamic Approach: 2009 Revision AJW C genital D phallic (1) 25. Which part of the personality is said to be present from birth? A ego B conscience C ego ideal D id (1) 26. What is the possible cause of fixation? A the adult displays a qualities or behaviours characteristic of the stage in which s/he became fixated B the child inherits a gene which limits progress through the psychosexual stages C the conflict at a certain stage is poorly resolved or a need is under or over gratified D the child identifies with an inappropriate role model (1) 27. What is the possible effect of fixation? A the child is unable to assimilate new experiences and becomes listless B the adult displays a qualities or behaviours characteristic of the stage in which s/he became fixated and energy is required to maintain a balanced personality leaving less energy for other things C the child is unable to relate to others and becomes affectionless and psychopathic D the adult may pass the gene for this defect to his or her own offspring (1) 28. Where is the erogenous zone during the oral stage? A the feet B the anus C the teeth D the mouth (1) 29. What marks the end of the oral stage? A when a child is weaned onto solid food B when a child is toilet trained C when a child can get his/her own breakfast D when a child identifies with his or her same-sex parent (1) 30. What the fourth psychosexual stage? A anal B phallic C genital D latency (1)
  • 6. The Psychodynamic Approach: 2009 Revision AJW 31. Which of the following behaviours might not be seen in a person said to have an oral personality? A smoking, over talkative, addictive behaviour B needy, dependent, manipulative C cheerful but self obsessed D messy, stubborn, parsimonious (1) 32. The oral stage is broken into two sub-stages, what are they? A incorporative and aggressive B aggressive and retentive C expulsive and retentive D exhibitionist and narcissistic (1) 33. The achievement for children who progress successfully through the anal stage is... A spiritedness B empathy C self control D stubbornness (1) 34. A person who is anally-retentive might A be overly dependent B love to spend lots of money C be thrifty and love to save money D be an exhibitionist and love to show off (1) 35. Which defence mechanisms allow the child to resolve the Oedipus Complex A rationalisation and isolation B displacement and projection C sublimation and reaction formation D repression and identification (1) 36. What is the product of a well resolved oedipus complex? A ego and conscience B eros and thanatos C gender identity and superego D id and libido (1) 37. A male child, who has resolved his Oedipus complex, identifies with his father and enjoys his mother through A vicarious reinforcement B vicarious catharsis C symptom substitution D identification with his mother (1)
  • 7. The Psychodynamic Approach: 2009 Revision AJW 38. The Oedipus complex, as described by Freud, relies upon the child having certain knowledge  A that girls and women do not have penises B that horses have large penises C that fathers are sometimes wrong D that mothers sometimes say things which aren’t true (1) 39. What causes the male child to identify with his father  A fear of castration as a punishment for his sexual feelings for the mother B love for his father C desire to be loved by his mother D anger at his mother for threatening to chop off his penis (1) 40. When a boy identifies with his father, he  A gets on better with his siblings B adopts his father’s beliefs and values C makes his unconscious fears conscious D moves into the genital stage (1) 41. The Electra complex, as described by Jung, relies upon the female child having certain knowledge  A that girls and women do not have penises B that horses have large penises C that fathers are sometimes wrong D that mothers sometimes say things which aren’t true (1) 42. The female child is not as motivated to identify with her mother as she does not have:  A penis envy B castration anxiety C a superego D vicarious catharsis (1) 43. In line with Jung’s theory of the Electra complex, girl should not have such strong:  A bonds with their fathers B reasoning ability as boys C gender identity as boys D sexual desires as boys (1) 44. When a young girl recognises that it is not possible for her to acquire a penis, this desire is said by some to be substituted for the desire for A a mother figure B a baby C a clitoris D a horse (1)
  • 8. The Psychodynamic Approach: 2009 Revision AJW 45. What personality traits are associated with the phallic personality (caused by fixation in the phallic stage)? A self assured, reckless, vain, proud B stubborn, mean and obsessed with cleanliness and order C needy, selfish and sarcastic D happy-go-lucky and jolly (1) 46. Which stage is characterised by preference for same sex friendships and lack of interest in any specific part of the body? A anal B phallic C latency D genital (1) 47. At what point would Freud say the genital stage begins? A 13th birthday B when the child leaves the family home C first sexual experience D onset of puberty (1)
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    Jul 23, 2017
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