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1. Laboratory Field experiment Natural experiment Qualitative data experiment Control Real Participants Research Independent World Control Non-numerical Variable Setting…
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  • 1. Laboratory Field experiment Natural experiment Qualitative data experiment Control Real Participants Research Independent World Control Non-numerical Variable Setting Allocation Narrative Researcher Laboratory Variable Interviews Demand Independent Quantitative data Dependent variable characteristics variable Numerical Behaviour Manipulates Independent Research Act Investigate Investigate Experiment Helpful Dependent Change Quantified Researcher Change Manipulates Confounding Correlational Ethical issues variables Quasi-experiment analysis Consent Unwanted Lacks Relationship Deception Constant Control Variables Animals Effect Independent Measure Experiments Dependent Variable Investigation Naturalistic observation Causality Validity Observer effects Behaviour Cause Artificial Behaviour Natural Effect Real-life Participants Context Research Laboratory Presence Observer Correlation Ecological Change
  • 2. Replicability Questionnaire Interview Closed questions Uniqueness Structured Structured Researcher Generalise Questions Semi- Determines Observational Sample structured Range Situation Survey Unconstructed Answers Open-ended Structured Semi-structured Unstructured questions interview interview interview Researcher Quantitative Expand Less Restriction Data Responses Rigid Range Questions Supplemented Greater No Advance Interviewee Validity
  • 3. Internal validity External validity Population validity Target population Results Results People Research Findings Generalised Research Share Variable Variables Generalised Characteristics Differences Study People Research Investigator Sample Random sample Opportunity sample effects Researcher Subset Subset Behaviour Selects Target Target Characteristics Anyone Population Population Participants Available Characteristics Chance Investigation Alternative Directional Non-directional Hypothesis hypothesis hypothesis hypothesis Testable Experimental Alternative Alternative Predicts Statement Chance Predict Results Prediction Results Research Direction Researcher Variable Results Null hypothesis Independent groups Repeated measures Matched pairs Predicts Experimental Experimental Participants No Design Design Conditions Difference Different Participants Second Results Participants Conditions Variables
  • 4. Central tendency mode median mean Statistic Frequently Middle Average Value Set Value Occurring Set Scores Single Value Number Numbers Most Scores Correlation Measures of dispersion Standard deviation Positive correlation coefficient Statistics Measure Statistic High Examine Variability Numerical Values Variability Sample Value Variable Data Mean Strength Zero Negative correlation Histogram Frequency polygon Scattergraph High Graph Graph Scattergram Values Representation Representation Graph Low Data Data Data Variable Present Intervals Variables Normal Interquartile range distribution Bell Spread Shaped Middle Curve 50% symmetrical values
  • 5. Personality Interactionist Eyesenck Bandura Trait Nature Trait Social Nature Learning Interactionist Nurture Innate Situations Extrovert Social Underlying Copying Introvert Learning Iceberg profile Hollander Attitude Cognitive dissonance Mood Concentric Learned Emotional States Circles Behavioural Discomfort Vigour Model Disposition Attitude Successful Personality Reaction Change Persuasive Triadic model communication High Naf High Nach Cognitive Persuader Worried Motivated Behavioural Message Avoid Risks Affective Recipients Failure Unworried Attitude Situation Risks Competitive Group cohesion Task Cohesion Social Cohesion Group dynamics Bonding Interactive Relationships Social Strength Team Interaction Processes Common Members Personal Members Goal Goal Co-active Individuals
  • 6. Autocratic Democratic Laissez-faire Steiner Decisions Shares Decisions Group Commands Decisions Few Productivity Direct Leader Little Actual Leader Group Feedback Faulty Ringlemann Social loafing Chelladurai Fiedler Motivation Motivation Model Favourable Group Cohesion Leadership Least Individual Lack Characteristics Most Rowing Lazy Behaviour Leader Evaluation Social facilitation apprehension Learned helplesness Attributions Arousal Reasons Presence Failure Anxiety Crowd Inevitable Failures Audience Performance Performer Situation Successes Influence Confidence Causality Self-efficacy State anxiety Trait anxiety Eustress Vicarious Situation Predisposition Positive Confidence Temporary Arousal Reaction Verbal Sporting Nervous Optimum Persuasion Arousal Anxious Arousal
  • 7. PMR Biofeedback Goal setting Targets Progressive Physiology Muscle Heart SMARTER Relaxation Rate Principles Stress Stress Motivation
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    Jul 23, 2017
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