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1. GCSE Psychology Objective: Identify factors that could affect the reliability of eyewitness testimonies 2. Missing words reliability, people, officers, present term,…
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  • 1. GCSE Psychology Objective: Identify factors that could affect the reliability of eyewitness testimonies
  • 2. Missing words reliability, people, officers, present term, suspect, account, event ,legal, line, witness , <ul><li>Eyewitness testimony is a ............. .............. It refers to an ..................given by ..................of an ................. they have ........................... </li></ul><ul><li>Police ....................often use a ............ up where the potential ...................isn’t .....................to test the ............................of an eyewitness testimony </li></ul>
  • 3. On your own .. write down everything you can remember about our last lesson.....e.g. Lesson content, topics of conversation, did anyone enter the room and so on...?? <ul><li>5 Minutes </li></ul>
  • 4. Now swap with someone else and compare similarities and differences between your accounts Do you completely agree with one another? Were there any surprising differences? <ul><li>Now explain what you’ve just done in your books and the differences & similarities between you and your friend(s) </li></ul>
  • 5. Its often found that when several people describe an event such as a crime or accident that they have all experienced, their accounts have all been quite different from one another. What are the problems with this and why might this be worrying in certain situations?
  • 6. <ul><li>Now Imagine you were just minding your own business quietly queuing to pay in your local supermarket, when a masked man runs up to the lady on the checkout pointing a gun at her and screams for her to give him the money or else! She gives him the money and he leaves....the whole thing takes a matter of minutes! </li></ul><ul><li>1. How would you feel? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What are you most likely to </li></ul><ul><li>be looking at? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Why do you think you’d be looking </li></ul><ul><li>at that? </li></ul><ul><li>4. How well do you think you’d remember </li></ul><ul><li>what he looked like? </li></ul>5 minutes – full sentences
  • 7. Watch this robbery
  • 8. * Description of the robbers (extra bits) * What did they say? * What were they wearing? * What did they do? * Were there any other witnesses? * * Fill in the ‘Help catch a Crook’ sheet On your own (secret) Write down everything you can remember from the robbery 5 minutes
  • 9. Now watch it again What did you miss?
  • 10. Factors that affect our visual memory <ul><li>W......... F......... </li></ul><ul><li>Draw a picture & label it of each of these factors in your book </li></ul><ul><li>Write a sentence for each explain how this factor affects our memory </li></ul>E................. Un ............ F.........
  • 11. Other factors that can affect a persons eyewitness testimony <ul><li>Stereotyping (wearing hoodie, must be a teenager!) </li></ul><ul><li>Context (recalling the event in a different place to where it took place) </li></ul><ul><li>Asking Leading questions (Did he have brown hair?) </li></ul><ul><li>In your own words explain how each of these affects a persons eyewitness testimony in your books </li></ul>
  • 12. Find a piece of research that supports each the following <ul><li>Unfamiliar faces </li></ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotyping </li></ul><ul><li>Leading questions </li></ul>Write the researchers name(s) & dates and the aim of their research
  • 13. Loftus & palmer (1974) <ul><li>Summarise this study into 6 parts and create a story board to explain it. </li></ul>Leading question: “ About how fast were the cars going when they smashed into each other?” Memory construction
  • 14. Answer this exam question: ‘Identify and explain what factors could affect the reliability of eyewitness testimonies’ (8 marks)
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