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1. Core studies: Work Sheet: Background and Context<br />Name of Author(s): Title of Article: Approach:Your Name: Class: Date: <br />Answer all of the…
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  • 1. Core studies: Work Sheet: Background and Context<br />Name of Author(s): Title of Article: Approach:Your Name: Class: Date: <br />Answer all of the questions in the space provided<br />Why was this study performed?Experimental psychologists have for most of this century been interested in how and why memory fails. Memories continually disrupt each other through a mechanism called ‘interference’. This interference can be by things we have experienced earlier proactive interference, or things that we experienced later retroactive interference.Activity 1: Write an example of both proactive and retroactive interference based on your own personal experience.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Relatively modern research has focused on retroactive interference effects. When people receive new information that is misleading in some way, people make errors when reporting what they saw. The new post event information often becomes incorporated into the recollection, supplementing or altering it, sometimes in dramatic ways. 1. Explain why Loftus and Pickrell use the analogy of a Trojan horse when explaining ‘how new information’ influences memory recall................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2. A central goal of research into ‘how’ and ‘why’ memory fails is to provide an understanding of how we become tricked by revised data about a witnessed event. A typical paradigm for conducting such research involves three stages. Briefly outline these three steps below: ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3. Identify the independent and dependent variable in this type of memory research:…………………………………………………………………...................................................................................................................................................................................................4. Give some examples of the kinds of distorted reporting found......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5. Name the big issue which best explains the problem with this type of experimental research:..........................................................................................................................................................6. What is a key difference between the experimental research on memory distortion and the current study?......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................7. What was a key consideration for the current research?..................................................................................................................................................Several years ago a method was conceived for exploring this issue: Why not see whether people could be led to believe that they had been lost in a shopping mall as a child, even if they had not been.8. Outline the report of Chris, one of the first cases of successful false memory implantation..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................9. What was a limitation of the case study of Chris?..................................................................................................................................................Loftus and Pickrell (1995) completed a study that used a procedure similar to that used with Chris. They asked 24 individuals to recall events that were supplied by a close relative. Three of the events were true, and one was a research crafted false event about getting lost in a shopping mall or other public place.10. In your own words, explain the aim of this current study.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................11. Try to write a research hypothesis for this study...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................<br />
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