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1. Freud’s Theory<br />Miss Minaker<br /> 2. Structure of Personality<br />Freud argued that rather than having one integrated whole mind, our psyche…
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  • 1. Freud’s Theory<br />Miss Minaker<br />
  • 2. Structure of Personality<br />Freud argued that rather than having one integrated whole mind, our psyche is separated into 3 distinct parts, which often work against each other.<br />Have you ever felt like you were being pulled in two directions?<br />E.g. I really need to study, but I want to go to a party with my friends<br />
  • 3. Structure of Personality<br />The Id, the Ego and the Superego<br />Work in pairs and read the textbook section on the three parts of personality.<br />
  • 4. The Id<br />This is the primitive biological part of the mind. <br />It is present in the new born infant and consists of basic biological impulses or drives such as hunger, thirst etc. <br />Therefore the Id is said to work on the pleasureprinciple. <br />
  • 5. The Id<br />Freud argued that these drives motivate us to behave in certain ways and humans are motivated to satisfy urges and wishes. <br />Urges and wishes put us in a state of arousal and when they are satisfied arousal is reduced. <br />The id is part of the unconscious mind.<br />
  • 6. The Ego<br />The ego develops as the child grows<br />The ego aims to gratify the id’s impulses in line with what is realistically possible by considering the environment it is in.<br />
  • 7. The Ego<br />It works on the reality principle.<br />For example relieving bladder or bowel pressure must be delayed until a toilet is reached. <br />
  • 8. The Ego<br />It also has the job of defending the unconscious mind against displeasure (e.g. unpleasant experiences or forbidden id impulses by using defence mechanisms).<br />The ego is part of the conscious mind.<br />
  • 9. The Superego<br />The superego develops last. It judges whether actions are right or wrong. It is effectively a conscience (little voice).<br />It is an internalized representation of the values and morals of society. <br />
  • 10. The Superego<br />The superego is an internalised representation of the same sex parent.<br />Violating the superego’s standards or even the impulse to do so causes anxiety. This anxiety is largely unconscious but may be experienced as guilt. <br />It therefore works on the morality<br /> principle <br />
  • 11. The Superego<br />Someone who has failed to internalise the moral standards of society will have few behavioural constraints and may engage in excessively over indulgent or criminal behaviour.<br />The superego is part of the conscious and unconscious mind<br />
  • 12. Video<br /> (be warned, it is very cheesy!)<br />
  • 13. Scenario<br />In pairs think up a scenario where the id, ego and superego might be in conflict.<br />How might this conflict resolved?<br />
  • 14. Evaluation<br />Evaluate Freud’s theory of the structure of personality.<br />First feelings:<br />How accurate do you feel the theory is?<br />Using pg 41, summarise the main <br /> evaluative points<br />
  • 15. Psychosexual Development<br />At each age the libido (sexual energy) focuses on one area. <br />ORAL<br />ANAL<br />PHALLIC<br />LATENCY<br />GENITAL<br />If the child receives too much or too little satisfaction at any stage, they can become fixated. This means that as adults they will show certain characteristics.<br />
  • 16. Old Age Pensioners Like Guinness<br />
  • 17. Oral Stage<br />0-18 months<br />Focus of libido is the mouth. The child is being breast fed and weaned. They are passive, receptive and dependent.<br />They also focus on exploring with their mouths. They will pick up and suck objects. <br />
  • 18. Oral Stage<br />Healthy development: adult enjoyment of food, and healthy dependence on others<br />Overindulged characteristics: Optimistic, admiring, gullible, overly enthusiastic<br />Underindulged characteristics: envious, pessimistic, sarcastic, smoking, drinking, eating problems <br />
  • 19. ANAL STAGE<br />1 – 3 years<br />Focus of Libido is on the anus as this is when potty training takes place<br />Ego develops as parents impose restrictions<br />It is the first time the child experiences any sort of control (expulsion/retention of faeces)<br />
  • 20. Anal Stage<br />Healthy development: ability to deal with authority, and to be able to maintain a balance between order and mess.<br />Anally expulsive character: caused by too much freedom during potty training leads to messy, reckless, disorganised adults<br />Anally retentive: caused potty training that is too strict leads to obstinate, careful, precise, stubborn, stingy adults<br />
  • 21. PHALLIC STAGE<br />3 – 6 years<br />Focus on genitals. Curiosity and examination. <br />Superego develops through resolution of the Oedipus or Electra complex<br />Identification with same sex parent leads to formation of gender identity.<br />
  • 22. The Oedipus and Electra Complexes<br />Read the section on the sheet and put the stages in the correct order.<br />
  • 23. Oedipus Complex<br />1.Boy sees father as a rival for his mother’s attention, and wishes to kill him.<br />3. This leads to the development of the superego. The boy substitutes his desire for his mother into desire for other women.<br />2. Boy starts to desire his mother, and wants to have sex with her<br />4. The boy is in a state of conflict. He resolves this by internalising and identifying with his father.<br />5. He fears that if his father finds out about his feelings for his mother, he will castrate him. <br />
  • 24. Electra Complex<br />2. She starts to sexually desire her father who has a penis.<br />3. The superego develops, as does gender identity. She replaces penis envy with desire for a baby.<br />1. The girl begins to develop penis envy. She blames her mother for removing her penis.<br />5. To resolve this, the girl identifies with her mother so that she can have her father.<br />4. The girl sees her mother as a sexual rival for her father.<br />
  • 25. OEDIPUS COMPLEX<br /><br />
  • 26. Phallic Stage<br />Healthy development will lead to a well rounded adult. The child will internalise their same sex parent which becomes the superego.<br />Fixation can lead to phallic characteristics. Self-assured, selfish, reckless, ambitious, vain proud. May be incapable of loving others. Sexual under or over confidence and homosexuality<br />
  • 27. Latency and Genital Phase<br />Latency: 7-puberty<br />Focus is on same sex friendships<br />Events from previous stages are repressed into the unconscious <br />Genital: Puberty and adolescence<br />Adult personality has formed<br />Interest in opposite sex<br />Repressed issues from previous stages may start to cause problems<br />
  • 28. Evaluation<br />Using pg 45, summarise the main <br /> evaluative points<br />
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    Jul 23, 2017
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