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1. Twenty Questions Schizophrenia 2. Twenty Questions 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3. 1. What is the definition of Schizophrenia?…
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  • 1. Twenty Questions Schizophrenia
  • 2. Twenty Questions 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  • 3. 1. What is the definition of Schizophrenia? <ul><li>Abnormality in the perception of reality </li></ul>
  • 4. 2. What are the two distinctions with the onset of Schizophrenia? <ul><li>1. Chronic </li></ul><ul><li>2. Acute </li></ul>
  • 5. 3. What are the diagnostic criteria of Schizophrenia? <ul><li>At least one symptom under (1) or at least two under (2) </li></ul><ul><li>(1) </li></ul><ul><li>Thought echo, insertion or withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Delusions </li></ul><ul><li>Hallucinatory voices </li></ul><ul><li>Delusions </li></ul><ul><li>(2) </li></ul><ul><li>Hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>Neologisms </li></ul><ul><li>Catatonic behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Negative symptoms </li></ul>
  • 6. 4. What are the names of the classification systems? <ul><li>DSM-IV (DSM-IV-TR) </li></ul><ul><li>ICD-10 </li></ul>
  • 7. 5. Name 2 types of Schizophrenia? <ul><li>Paranoid schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Hebephrenic schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Catatonic schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Undifferentiated schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Post-schizophrenic depression </li></ul><ul><li>Residual schizophrenia </li></ul>
  • 8. 6. What is Type 1 Schizophrenia? <ul><li>Classified by positive symptoms (added or exaggerated) such as hallucinations, delusions or disorganized speech </li></ul>
  • 9. 7. What is Type 2 Schizophrenia? <ul><li>Classified by negative symptoms (Things taken away) such as flattening of affect, apathy and poverty of speech </li></ul>
  • 10. 8. What is a problem of using Type1 or Type 2 to classify a person? <ul><li>There are problems because people do not neatly ‘fit’ into any one category </li></ul><ul><li>The sub-types often have a blurred distinction. People who are diagnosed in one category often develop symptoms from another </li></ul>
  • 11. 9. What are the 2 explanations for Schizophrenia? <ul><li>Biological </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul>
  • 12. 10. What are 3 Biological approaches to explaining Schizophrenia? <ul><li>Genetics </li></ul><ul><li>Twin Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption studies </li></ul><ul><li>Biochemical factors </li></ul><ul><li>Neuroanatomical factors (brain structure) </li></ul>
  • 13. 11. What are 3 Psychological approaches to Schizophrenia? <ul><li>Family models </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive explanations </li></ul><ul><li>Expressed emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Psychosocial factors </li></ul>
  • 14. 12. What is the name of the model that fits between Biological and Psychological? <ul><li>Diathesis-stress-model </li></ul>
  • 15. 13. What is the usual Biological treatment for Schizophrenia? <ul><li>Drug Therapy </li></ul>
  • 16. 14. What is a limitation of drug therapy? <ul><li>They only treat the symptoms not the cause </li></ul><ul><li>They often have side effects </li></ul><ul><li>Relapse occurs if the drugs are not taken </li></ul>
  • 17. 15. What a Psychological treatment for Schizophrenia? <ul><li>Family therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Social skills training </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive behavioural Therapy (CBT) </li></ul>
  • 18. <ul><li>What is a limitation of CBT? </li></ul><ul><li>It is not a cure but it can improve symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>There are ethical issues as it is a collaborative therapy </li></ul>
  • 19. 17. Which other disorder is Schizophrenia often mistaken for? <ul><li>Multiple Personality </li></ul>
  • 20. <ul><li>What are problems when diagnosing Schizophrenia? </li></ul><ul><li>Dual diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Confused with other schizo-typal disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural relativism </li></ul><ul><li>Different types of Schizophrenia </li></ul>
  • 21. 19. Suggest an alternative explanation for Schizophrenia not covered in this quiz. <ul><li>Evolutionary </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural </li></ul><ul><li>Psychodynamic </li></ul>
  • 22. 20. Why is ECT not a therapy that is used as a ‘normal’ treatment of Schizophrenia? <ul><li>Due to the nature of the treatment it should only be used as a last resort. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not used very often </li></ul>
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