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1. Psychology A2 2. Learning Objectives By the end of the lesson we will have a clear understanding of determinism and free will. A01 Be able to use determinism and…
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  • 1. Psychology A2
  • 2. Learning Objectives By the end of the lesson we will have a clear understanding of determinism and free will. A01 Be able to use determinism and free will to evaluate studies and theories within psychology. A02
  • 3. Starter In pairs discuss how many behaviours are caused by free will. Also think if behaviour is not caused by free will what is it caused by ?
  • 4. What is Determinism ? Determinism sees human behaviour of a product of forces beyond the control of the individual. States that people have no control over their actions. Determinists would argue that internal and external forces control a persons behaviour. This means behaviour should be predictable. Every behaviour has a cause. Determinism is a scientific account of behaviour.
  • 5. Hard Determinism Two key assumptions in hard determinism these are :1)No action or behaviour is free, it must occur.2) Every human action has a cause – one action isperformed rather than another.Emphasis on choice for individual behaviour.
  • 6. Soft Determinism Argues people’s behaviour is a direct result of the environment. BUT only to a certain extent. There is an element of free will in all behaviour yet it is controlled by outside forces. Behaviour maybe highly constrained by the situation or moderately constrained by the situation.
  • 7. Biological determinism This is behaviour that is determined by factors inside ourselves. This could be inherited behaviour, inherited through genes. This links in with hard determinism
  • 8. Environmental determinism Determined by factors that are outside of ourselves. But we still cannot control these factors. This links in with soft determinism.
  • 9. Strengths Scientific Isolates variables to make them easier to examine. Society is more willing to accept its findings.
  • 10. Weaknesses Reductionist Mechanist Implies that behaviour can be predicted. Does not account for individual differences. Takes away individual responsibility.
  • 11. Determinism : What have we learnt?
  • 12. What is free will ? Most people feel that they possess free will. Free will is the ability to make a choice between certain behaviours. Sense of personal responsibility. Fits in with societys view of personal responsibilities. Legal system in this country is based on the idea of holding people accountable for their actions. Free will implies behaviour is random and does not have a cause therefore cannot be predicted.Most people believe they have free will but do they really ?
  • 13. Strengths Emphasis on the individual. Fits in with societies view of individual responsibility. Suggests behaviour is free and undetermined by our past
  • 14. Weaknesses The concept of free will may be culturally relative. Cannot be tested- free will can be situational. Unscientific No clear definition of the term ‘free will’
  • 15. Free Will : What have we learnt ?
  • 16. Psychological theories and Determinism Psychodynamic theory: internal unconscious processes are the cause of behaviours: Psychic determinism- Freud. Behaviourists: would argue that behaviour is learnt from the external environment: Environmental determinism - Bandura, Pavlovs dogs, Skinner. The Biological approach – genetics, brain structures, hormones etc. Are causes of behaviour : Biological determinism – Buss, Lombroso
  • 17. Psychological theories and Free will Humanistic approach - believes humans are unique and plan their own actions. Humanists argue that regarding behaviour as determined is dehumanising. Rogers – difficult decisions make us unique. Maslow – hierarchy of needs.
  • 18. Group Task
  • 19. Revision Poster Task In pairs you are going to make a revision poster. You can use the computer or text books. You must outline determinism ,link it to theory and also highlight strengths and weaknesses. Use pictures to help with revision. You have 20 minutes on this task
  • 20. Exam Q – Homework Using examples from research you have studied discuss the strengths and limitations of using a deterministic approach for understanding human behaviour.(12 marks) Due in next Tuesday – 18th October.
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