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1. Word Researcher/research Definition Obedience Milgram Behaving as instructed, usually in response to individual rather than group pressure Conformity Changes in…
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  • 1. Word Researcher/research Definition Obedience Milgram Behaving as instructed, usually in response to individual rather than group pressure Conformity Changes in behaviour and/or attitudes occurring in response to group pressureMinority influence Moscovici A larger number of people being influenced to accept the beliefs or behaviour of a smaller numberMajority influence Asch Occurs when people adopt the behaviour, attitudes, or values of the majority (dominant or largest) group after being exposed to their values or behaviour Identification Zimbardo Conforming to the demands of a given role Compliance Asch Conforming to the majority view in order to be liked, or to avoid ridicule or social exclusion. More readily with public behaviour than private and based on power. Internalisation Moscovici Conformity behaviour where the individual has completely accepted the views of the majority
  • 2. Conversion Moscovici The influence of the minority on the majority. This is likely to affect private beliefs more than public behaviour. Dispositional Zimbardo argues against Deciding that other people’s actions are explanation this caused by their internal characteristics or dispositionsSituational explanation Zimbardo (Social Roles Deciding that people’s actions are caused by theory) the situation in which the find themselves rather than by their personality Deindividuation Zimbardo Losing one’s sense of personal identity Informational social Moscovici When someone conforms because others are influence thought to possess more knowledge Normative social Asch When someone conforms in order to gain liking influence or respect from others Fundamental Zimbardo claims this is a The tendency to explain the causes of another attribution error problem (e.g. identifying person’s behaviour in terms of dispositional the ‘bad apples’ in Abu rather than situational factors Ghraib) Agentic state Milgram A state of feeling controlled by an authority figure and therefore lacking a sense of personal responsibility
  • 3. Autonomous state People with an internal Being aware of the consequences of our actions locus of control are more and therefore taking voluntary control of our likely to have this? behaviour
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    Jul 23, 2017
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