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1. ENNETT ET AL 1994 – variability in cigarette smoking within and between adolescent friendship groups BACKGROUND It has been claimed that peer groups link with…
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  • 1. ENNETT ET AL 1994 – variability in cigarette smoking within and between adolescent friendship groups BACKGROUND It has been claimed that peer groups link with adolescent smoking. Peer groups are ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ A friendship clique is ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Friendship patterns form the social network that binds adolescents into an overall matrix of peer relationships. The friendship patterns evident in adolescents' social networks have important implications for adolescent behaviour such as ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Social network analysis is a way of using information provided by adolescents about their friends to map friendships. RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. Do adolescent smokers cluster in cliques? 2. To what extent is the similarity between friends in their cigarette smoking behaviour a resulted from peer influence or friendship choice SAMPLE Number of Students: Age: Location: Male/Female ratio: Ethnicity: PROCEDURE 1. Method used _______________ 2. How many times were they tested? ________________________________ 3. What did the adolescents provide for the researchers? 4. Cigarette smoking was defined based on what? ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ 5. What % were identified as current smokers? ________________
  • 2. 6. Describe the following and give the % for each group Group Description % Cliques Isolates Liaisons. ANALYSIS 1. What statistical test was used to analyse the number of clique smokers in proportion to the number of cliques ___________________________________________________________ 2. What level of significance was used _____________________________ 3. Explain what this means FINDINGS Summarise the findings from the graph on the right. 1. ______________________________________________ ________________ 2. ______________________________________________ _______________________________ 3. ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ CONCLUSIONS
  • 3. EVALUATION GENERALISABILITY RELIABILITY APPLICATION VALIDITY ETHICS/OTHER
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