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1. EXPLAINING OBEDIENCE For each explanation below give 2 or more studies which demonstrate their importance in obedience SITUATIONAL FACTORS Legitimate authority Agentic…
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  • 1. EXPLAINING OBEDIENCE For each explanation below give 2 or more studies which demonstrate their importance in obedience SITUATIONAL FACTORS Legitimate authority Agentic shift Gradual commitment Buffers Responding to authority He maintains that in social (Or ‘foot-in-the-door’ Buffers are any aspect of a figures is learnt from an situations people operate in technique) It appears that situation that protects the early age. We are seen as two different ways: once people comply with a participant. Milgram more acceptable if we obey 1. as autonomous seemingly reasonable suggests that buffers act as those who have authority. individuals who are request they find it more a mechanism to help people We may obey authority responsible for their own difficult to refuse to carry on. reduce the strain of acting in figures because we trust actions They become locked in and an immoral way and them or because they have 2. as an agent of someone move from doing reasonable therefore increase the power to punish us. else. They carry out orders things to completely obedience. This could be and do not feel responsible unacceptable things without true in real life situations for their actions noticing. where the consequences of When in the agentic state the actions are not seen. people are more to obey.
  • 2. Other psychologists argue that some people are simply more obedient than others – they have an PERSONALITY FACTORS obedient personality. Adorno claimed that extreme obedience and prejudice forms through early childhood experiences when personality is developed. Through the use of interviews and projective tests Adorno found that people who had been brought up by strict parents who used harsh , physical punishments grew up to be very obedient. These children developed an authoritarian personality, who has extreme respect for authority and feels hostility to those of lower rank. Authoritarian personality is measured using the F scale. Adorno explains that harsh and physical punishment leads to the child feeling hostile and
  • 3. Elms and Milgram carried out interviews with a sub-group of those who had taken part in Milgram’s first four experiments. What did they find?
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