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1. Theories Of Causation<br /> 2. Social Perspective – <br />Power and Control<br />In some relationships, violence arises out of a perceived need for…
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  • 1. Theories Of Causation<br />
  • 2. Social Perspective – <br />Power and Control<br />In some relationships, violence arises out of a perceived need for power and control<br />Abusers' efforts to dominate their partners have been attributed to low self-esteem or feelings of inadequacy<br />An alternative view is that abuse arises from powerlessness and projecting this and attempting to exercise control of the victim<br />Critics of this model suggest that the one-sided focus, which presumes men are to blame for all domestic violence<br />Another criticism for this theory is it fails to account for gay and lesbian relationships<br />
  • 3. Biological Perspective – <br />Mental Illness and Personality Traits<br />About 80% of both court-referred and self-referred men in these domestic violence studies exhibited diagnosable psychopathy<br />Several psychiatric disorders can be associated with domestic violence<br />Psychological theories focus on personality traits and mental characteristics of the offender. Personality traits include sudden bursts of anger, poor impulse control and poor self-esteem<br />A criticism of this theory is that not all abusers have a mental illness or addiction<br />Gelles suggests that psychological theories are limited, and points out that other researchers have found that only 10% (or less) fit this psychological profile<br />
  • 4. References <br />Brian, C., (2009), Understanding the individual, London, Philip Allen<br />Collis, D.; Jarvis, M.; Russel, J. (2008), Angles on Psychology, 8th ed., Buckinghamshire : FollensLimited<br />Myers, D. G., (2009) Psychology, 9th ed., New York : Worth, <br />
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