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Queen Victoria Summary

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Queen Victoria Summary
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   Queen Victoria Queen Victoria is associated with Britain´s great age of industrial expansion, economic progress and, especially, empire. Her reign was the longest in British history It lasted for 63 years .It saw a diminution of Royal power and the transformation of Britain. The Victorian era emphasided appearance in dress and manner .This was a time of strict social codes, where morality was sustituted for religion. Black side : Even though industrialization brought about a burgeoning middle class,social issues such as prostitution, child labor and poverty were on the rise.  At her death, it was said, Britain had a worldwide empire on which the sun never set. How did Victoria become Queen? Victoria was born on 24 May 1819, ay Kensington Palace, London. She was the daughter of Edward Augustus (duke of Kent) and Victoria of Saxe-Cobur-Saafeld (German princess). She was fifth in the line of succession after her father and his three other brothers had died whithout living a direct heir. George IV and Frederick (the duke of York) were estranged from their wives, who were both past child- bearing age( who were unlikly to have any children). William IV and Edward married on the same day (eager to have an heir to the throne) but, william´s daughters died as infants. His father and grandfather died on the same day, so Victoria became next in the line to the throne. She was brought up in some isolation at Kensington Palace with her mother, her half  – sister Féodore, a German governess and her colection of 132 dolls. Victoria led a sheltered life even sleeping in her mother´s bedroom. Her mother didn´t have a good relationship with his “wicked uncles”  (George IV and William IV ), she boycoted the last coronation.But on the 20th June 1837 she was woken to be informed that his uncle Willian Iv had died and that she was now the queen of Great Britain and Ireland. Hanover and the the United Kindom had shared a personal union since 1714. But the Salic law pertaining in Hanover said that no woman could be monarch. Instead another uncle, Ernest Augustus became the King of Hanover, while Victoria became queen of the United Kindom, ending the personal union between Britain and Hanover (123 years) In the early part of her reign, Victoria was influenced by the Prime Minister Lord Melboune,He was an amiable and avancular Whig of the old school. He took her under his wig and taught her much about how to be a ruler in a constitutional monarchy( where the monarch had very few powers but could use much influence).   Her marriage She married her cousin Albert of Saxe- Couburg-Gotha, a German prince. It wasn´t love at first sight, she had met him when they were both17, but when Albert came to England in 1839, Victoria was instantly smitten / crazy. She said ( book ). Later Victoria proposed to Albert (a man couldn´t propose if he was of inferior rank). They married in February 1940 and she recorded of her weding night that “we did not sleep much”. They had 9   children and she refered to them as the “nasty objects”.She did not like children, she prefered Albert.  As an anecdote: chloroform came into use as an anaesthetic in 1858, but traditionalist held that it broke the laws of God and nature. However when Victoria said that she had used it during her later confinements, opposition dwindled / reduced. Albert was well- educated, cultural and hard working. But he was treated by great suspicion by his adopted countrymen. Parliament cut his proposed allowance, squabbled about his position in hierarchy of precedence and would not award him the title of prince consort until 1857. He was kept out of the business politics and devoted his energies to encouraging science, technology and arts.He is best remembered for the Great Exibition of 1851, which showcased British inventions and manufactures to the world which helped to establish the Sout Kensington museums complex in London.  Albert´s relations with his eldest son Edward were strained. He did not rise his father´s high academic expectations. Worried about his son, combined with a tendency to overwork, took his toll (affect seriously) on Albert´s heath. He died of typhooid on 1861 and left Victoria utterly bereft.
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