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Reference Manual for US Milk Powders (USDEC 2005)

Reference document for the types of milk powders manufactured by US manufacturers. Released by US Dairy Export Council
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  REFERENCE MANUAL FOR U.S. MILK POWDERS 2005 REVISED EDITION  2 Reference Manual for U.S. Milk Powders Since1995, the U.S. Dairy Export Council has been committed to developing educational materials on U.S. dairy ingredients based on current scientific research. This manual is an update of the first two editions of the “Reference Manual for U.S. Milk Powders.” We have again attempted to review the most current technical and scientific information available on the characteristics, functions and benefits of U.S. milk powders. Many USDEC members, U.S. suppliers, processors, industry experts, consultants, researchers, Dairy Management Inc. and USDEC staff haveshared their knowledge and contributed their resources to this new volume.This is part of our effort to provide up-to-date information to potential customers, educators, health professionals, food scientists, food aid programsand other interested groups. We hope this new edition will continue to be a useful resource on U.S. milk powders. Véronique Lagrange Editor U.S. Dairy Export Council  Reference Manual for U.S. Milk Powders TABLE OF CONTENTS3 SectionPage  Acknowledgements  4  The U.S. Dairy Export Council  5 Glossary  6 The U.S. Dairy Industry 7 and Export Initiatives 1.1Overview of the 8 U.S. Dairy Industry1.2Dairy Export Incentive Program  10 The U.S. Milk Powder 11 Industry Production and 13 Manufacturing TechnologiesQuality Control and 17 Grading Standards 4.1General Quality Control 18 and Plant Surveys4.2Food and Drug Administration 19 Standards of Identify4.3United States Department of 20  Agriculture Grading Major Characteristics 25 of Milk Powders and Test Methods 5.1General Characteristics and 26 Methods of Analysis Definitions, Composition 31 and Applications 6.1Nonfat Dry Milk, 32 Skim Milk Powder6.2Dry Whole Milk, 36 Whole Milk Powder6.3Dry Buttermilk   37 Nutritional Properties of 39 Milk Powders 7.1Dairy Proteins  42 7.2Carbohydrates  48 7.3Lipids  49 7.4Vitamins  50 7.5Minerals  51 References  53 Functional Properties and 57 Performance of Milk PowdersSectionPageMilk Powders in Food 63  Assistance Programs Statement of Principles  64  Allergies and Intolerance: 64  A Few Key Facts9.1Benefits of Food Assistance 65 Programs9.2Overview: Nutritional Benefits 66 of Dairy Ingredients9.3U.S. Grades: What Do 68  They Mean?9.4Storage Recommendations  69 9.5Resources for Private 69  Voluntary OrganizationsReferences  70 Bakery Applications 71 for Milk Powders 10.1Bakery Applications 72 for Milk Powders10.2Bakery Formulations  73 Confectionery Applications 77 for Milk Powders 11.1Confectionery Applications 78 for Milk Powders11.2Confectionery Formulations  79 Dairy and Recombined 83 Milk Applications for Milk Powders 12.1Dairy and Recombined Milk 84  Applications for Milk Powders12.2Recombined Fluid Milk   86 12.3Recombined Cheese and 87 Cultured Milk Products12.4Recombined Evaporated Milk   88 12.5Recombined Sweetened 89 Condensed Milk 12.6Dairy and Recombined 90 Milk Formulations Meat Applications 95 for Milk Powders 13.1Meat Applications 96 for Milk Powders13.2Meat Formulations  96 Nutritional Beverage 99  Applications for Milk Powders 14.1Nutritional Beverage 100  Applications for Milk Powders14.2Nutritional Beverage 101 Formulations SectionPagePrepared Food Applications 103 for Milk Powders 15.1Prepared Food Applications 104 for Milk Powders15.2Prepared Food Formulations  105 International Food Aid 109  Applications for Milk Powders 16.1International Food Aid 110  Applications for Milk Powders16.2International Food Aid 110 Formulations 12356916101112141315487   ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The U.S. Dairy Export Council wishes toextend its appreciation to all the individuals,companies and associations who contributed to the development, review and production of this manual. In addition tothe many experts in the field who cannot allbe listed here the U.S. Dairy Export Councilwould like to recognize the contribution of its member companies (list available at, the American Dairy Products Institute, the California DairyResearch Foundation, the Dairy ProductsTechnology Center at California PolytechnicState University, Dairy Management Inc.,Design Two Ltd. and the Wisconsin Center for Dairy Research. 4 Reference Manual for U.S. Milk Powders  American Dairy Products Institute The American Dairy Products Institute (ADPI) is the U.S. trade association of theprocessed dairy products industry. ADPI was established in1986 by a merger of the American Dry Milk Institute and the WheyProducts Institute. In1987 the EvaporatedMilk Association merged with ADPI.Current Institute membership includes manufacturers of evaporated and dry milks,cheese and whey products, firms that providesupplies and services to processors, andmany companies that utilize processed dairyproducts. The majority of ADPI’s membersare located in the U.S., but the Institute hasmany international members as well. American Dairy Products Institute116 North York StreetSuite 200Elmhurst, Illinois 60126, USA Phone: +1-630-530-8700Fax: +1-630-530-8707 Dairy Management Inc. Formed in1995, Dairy Management Inc. is the domestic and international planning andmanagement organization that buildsdemand on behalf of America’s dairy farmers.DMI along with international, state andregional organizations manage the AmericanDairy Association, the National Dairy Counciland the U.S. Dairy Export Council.Dairy Management Inc. 10255 West Higgins Road, Suite 900Rosemont, Illinois 60018-5616, USA Phone: +1-847-803-2000Fax: +1-847-803-2077
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