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Relative Clauses

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Brief explanation on the use of relative clauses
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  RELATIVE CLAUSES Relative clauses are used to give additional information about something without starting another sentence. By combining sentences with a relative clause, the text becomes more fluent and repeating certain words can be avoided.   Gives essential information about the noun or noun phrase it modifies, without which the sentence wouldn't make sense as the listener or reader would not be able to identify the noun in the sentence.  Defining relative clauses are not put in commas  EXAMPLE:    The woman who lives next door works in a bank.    WHO tells which noun we are talking about (the woman). DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES   Gives extra information about a noun or noun phrase and has commas at both ends.  This information is not needed to understand the sentence.  EXAMPLE:  My sister, who lives in France, is coming to stay with me next week.  'who lives in France' is extra information, it is not essential for understanding the phrase.  The preposition in these clauses can go at the end of the clause.  EXAMPLE:  We stopped at the museum, which we'd never been into . NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES   Non-defining clauses can be introduced by expressions like all of, many of   + relative pronoun.
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