Education

Reported speech

Description
1. REPORTED SPEECH  TENSE, TIME & PLACE CHANGES  REPORTING VERBS & STRUCTURES  REPORTING QUESTIONS 2. TENSE CHANGE We use Reported Speech to express what…
Categories
Published
of 8
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
  • 1. REPORTED SPEECH  TENSE, TIME & PLACE CHANGES  REPORTING VERBS & STRUCTURES  REPORTING QUESTIONS
  • 2. TENSE CHANGE We use Reported Speech to express what another person has said without using their exact words  We change the tense of the main verb by putting it one step further into the past
  • 3. NO TENSE CHANGE  If the verb in direct specch is in the PAST PERFECT Ex: ‘He had never spoken about it before’ She said She said he had never spoken about it before  If the direct speech contains one of the following modal verbs: WOULD, MIGHT, COULD, SHOULD, OUGHT TO  If the statement reported is still TRUE Ex: ‘I like fish’ She said She said she likes fish  If the reporting verb is in the present Ex: ‘It is 40º in Athens at the moment Jeremy says it is 40 º in Athens at the moment
  • 4. TIME & PLACE EXPRESSIONS CHANGESDIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH NOW THEN TODAY THAT DAY THIS MORNING THAT MORNING TOMORROW THE NEXT/ FOLLOWING DAY NEXT WEEK THE NEXT/ FOLLOWING WEEK YESTERDAY THE PREVIOUS DAY, THE DAY BEFORE TWO DAYS AGO TWO DAYS BEFORE/ EARLIER LAST WEEK THE WEEK BEFORE, THE PREVIOUS WEEK HERE THERE THIS /THESE THAT / THOSE COME GO
  • 5. REPORTING VERBS & STRUCTURES Reporting Verbs can take different structures:  Reporting verb + OBJECT: tell  Reporting verb+ (TO+ OBJECT): say, explain  Reporting verb + Infinitive with to: offer, promise, refuse, threaten ex: ‘ I’ll help you mend the car if you like’ He offered to help me mend the car  Rerporting verb+ OBJECT+ Infinitive with to: advise, ask, encourage Invite, order, persuade, recommend, remind, tell, urge, warn ex: ‘ Don’t forget to phone Jim’ He reminded her to phone Jim
  • 6. The following pattern can be used after verbs such as suggest/ recommend: SUGGEST + GERUND RECOMMEND She suggested joining a youth club SUGGEST + (that)+ Subject+ base form RECOMMEND She suggested we join a youth club
  • 7. REPORTING QUESTIONS Reported questions word order Affirmative Sentence Where are you from? She asked She asked me where I was from  If there is no question word we use IF or WHETHER Do you smoke? She asked She asked me whether I smoked
  • Pulse Jet Engine

    Jul 23, 2017

    tdm

    Jul 23, 2017
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks