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Research in reading attitude

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Research in reading attitude
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    Chapter 1 Introduction Reading is important in a person’s life. Reading brings a person to different places, gives information that one cannot see, hear and touch. It also enhances a person’s skill and bring pleasure to everyday life. To accomplish this, attitude towards reading is very important. Students attitude toward reading will influence the kind of readers they will be. Accordingly, attitude towards reading caused by training, motivation or the availability of the resources. Middle class family provides books for their children because they have the money while poor families rarely buy books for their children. These questions help the researcher formulate this problem and contributed to the question if socioeconomic status has a relation to the attitude of reading among children. Readers need to develop the love in reading. In order for them to have a skill in reading student should read often. They can only obtain this if they like to read Rowercl (2005) stated that in order for students to develop into effective readers, they must process both the skill and the will to read. Reading in an academic as well as    recreational factor, is vital in helping students develop a positive attitude towards reading Nielsen (2004) revealed. Lewis & Teale (2008) explained that over the past decade interest in the topic toward reading has been great. Doubtless teachers have always realized that student’s attitude play an important role in learning to read, but lately educators have become more self-conscious about attitude toward reading. Attitude towards reading is given importance by the expert. Reading helps in the academic achievement of the students and their reading skills will improve. Attitude towards reading determine how often the child read .There are two kinds of attitude mentioned in this study the negative and positive attitude. This define the attitude of the students towards reading Joseph (2004) concludes in his study as child progress from early childhood through their school years they develop strong likes and dislikes, including positive or negative attitudes toward reading. Partin & Gillespic (2005) defined attitude towards reading as an individual’s feelings about reading, caused learner to approach or avoid a reading situation. A positive reading attitude helps the student’s in many ways. The students will not be bored in complying their reading assignments. The student who likes to read often can easily    understand the meaning of the literature and can easily get moral lessons from the literature that t he student’s read . The student will be open to the things that are happening in the world today. Reading helps in many ways. Reading is not only for information and pleasure’s sake but reading helps in the academic achievement of the student. Student should always maintain the positive attitude in reading The creation and maintenance of a positive attitude toward reading as shared by Teale & Lewis ( 2008 )is an integral part of education in literature culture. There are indications that attitude towards reading is linked to achievement in reading. Joseph (2004) contributed that a child’s attitude may have a profound impact upon his or her over all academic progress. As quoted by Nielsen (2004) s tudent’s  attitude toward reading may affect reading achievement and the like hood that the student read voluntarily for information and pleasure. The student will have the knowledge about almost everything if the student always reads good books. Negative or positive attitude can influence the student’s academic achievement. The two reading attitude, the positive and the negative has different effect in a student’s life. Martin (2005) stated that it seems that students have different attitude towards reading which influence their participation in class in which    reading is required. As a result it has more or less been taken for granted that an individual has an attitude and that this attitude can be located as some point on a positive-negative continuum. Reading will be used by students in their everyday life. Reading can be a help to them if they have the positive attitude to do it. There are only two attitude mentioned in this study, the positive and the negative. The response of the students to their reading depends on their attitude towards it. In the study of Teal & Lewis (2004) thus, a student could be said to have a moderately positive attitude toward reading or a very negative attitude toward reading. In terms of attitude toward reading, it represented the inclination of decision to respond either positively or negatively toward the act of reading Galipault ( 2008 ) added. Through the student’s early training and the help of the child’s parents and teachers, the child can respond to reading positively Negative reading attitude can cause a big disadvantage to the student. Students with negative attitude toward reading do have emotional responses toward reading: negative, Beers (2006) explained. Joseph ( 2004) also shared that children with poor attitudes toward reading may only read when they have to read, tend to avoid reading, and may even refuse to read altogether. The student may not    be able to comprehend easily if the student does not read and refuse to read. The middle class people are those people who have stable income. These people can still buy their wants and be able to send their children in a good school. The middle class is a class of people in the middle of the social hierarchy Wikipedia (2007). Williams (2010) figured that middle class pupil do better because parents and schools put more effort into their education. Parents in the middle class gives importance to education and also they can afford it. They can give the needs of their children in school and in their home. Studies shows that more children who do not excel in academic and in reading are those children in lower economic status. It is because of the lack of learning resources that are provided for them. Dewyer & Joy (2005) reported that students in the Parker study classified as poor readers were predominantly from over socioeconomic strata while the others were generally of average income. Relative to socio economic status and self-concept, it is determined that adults usually do not expect socioeconomically disadvantaged children to excel in school, and consequently these children do not usually suffer damage to their self-concept by not succeeding academically. Accordingly, people around them are expecting
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