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Review of Alexander L. Abecina, Time and Sacramentality in Gregory of Nyssa's Contra Eunomium

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‘Alexander L. Abecina, Time and Sacramentality in Gregory of Nyssa's Contra Eunomium. Strathfield NSW: St Paul's Publications, 2013. pp. viii + 132.’ Journal of Religious History 37:4 (2013) 586-87.
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  B AMTBEJM_   A. B OMNGEB 0  Zglm bej ^bnrblmetbagty ge Crmckry ki Eyssb‗s Nketrb Mueklgul . ^trbtdflmaj, E^S0 ^t Xbua‗s Xuoagnbtgkes, ?82>6 pp. vggg  +  2>?.Ge agcdt ki tdm spbtm ki rmnmet sndkabrsdgp ke tdgs crmbt Nbppbjkngbe Ibtdmr, Bamxbejmr A. Bomngeb‗s lkekcrbpd bttmlpts tk nketrgoutm sklmtdgec batkcmtdmr irmsd0 tdm rmab-tgkesdgp omtwmme ^t Crmckry ki Eyssb‗s vgmws ke tglm bej sbnrblmetbagty ge dgs tdrmmvkaulms bcbgest Mueklgus ki Nyzgnus, tdm rbjgnba beklkmbe bej kppkemet ki tdm Egnmem ibgtd ge tdm ikurtd nmetury. Zdm getrkjuntgke cgvms b orgmi obnfcrkuej tk tdmtdmkakcgnba pksgtgkes ki oktd butdkrs omikrm nketmxtubagsgec tdm  Nketrb Mueklgul bej cgvgec be kutagem ki tdm Eyssme‗s lmtdkjkakcy. Bomngeb‗s getmrmstgec tdmsgstdme ueikajs tdrkucd tdm tdrmm lbge ndbptmrs ki tdm wkrf. Ndbptmr 2 gs ke ‑Zglm bej Ketkakcy“ bej gs suojgvgjmj getk tdrmm smntgkes. Zdm flrst jmbas wgtd ‑KetkakcgnbaIgrst Xrgengpams“ bej omcges wgtd be kutagem ki tdm Eyssme‗s pmrnmptgke ki rmbagty bsjgvgjmj omtwmme tdm ‑getmaagcgoam“ bej tdm ‑smesgoam“ (p. ?8), b Xabtkegn prmsuppksg-tgke iurtdmr qubagflmj oy tdm Ndrgstgbe jgstgentgke omtwmme tdm ‑nrmbtmj“ bej tdm‑uenrmbtmj“ (p. ?2). Oktd tdm getmaagcgoam bej smesgoam rmbals, tdm ikrlmr becmagn/ekmtgn bej tdm abttmr lbtmrgba, nkestgtutm tdm nrmbtmj rmbal ikr Crmckry, wdmrmbs tdmuenrmbtmj rmimrs tk Ckj‗s ebturm, wdgnd Bomngeb jmsnrgoms bs ‑getmaagcgoam“ (p. ?:)6 bjmsnrgptgke wdgnd gs, dkwmvmr, ekt ikuej ge tdm Eyssme. Ge ibnt, tdgs bssmrtgke ki Ckj‗s ‑getmaagcgogagty“ gs abtmr nketrbjgntmj wdme tdm butdkr biflrls tdbt tdm uenrmbtmj bej nrmbtmj brm flxmj ke mgtdmr sgjm ki be ketkakcgnba jgvgjm, wdgnd dm jgsnmres geCrmckry‗s usm ki tdm tmrl  κη ώϊγ½β   / jgbstmlb , lmbegec ‑ tmlpkrba   lmbsurm“ (p. ?9).Zdm Eyssme‗s irmqumet usm ki tdgs tmrl dmapmj dgl tk mxprmss tdm jgiimrmenm omtwmmenrmbtmj omgecs, wdgnd nbe om spbtgbaay bej tmlpkrbaay qubagflmj bej qubetgflmj (p. ?3),bej Ckj wdk nbeekt om (bej gs dmenm  bjgbstmlgn  ‚ p. 28>). Ge tdm emxt smntgke,‑Jkuoam Betgtdmsgs kr Jubagsl;,“ Bomngeb succmsts tdbt Crmckry‗s wkrajvgmw gsketkakcgnbaay jubagstgn geskibr bs dm pksgtmj tdm rbjgnba jgiimrmenm omtwmme Ckj bej dgs nrmbtgke (p. >>). Zdm fleba smntgke, ‑Zglm, Ketkakcy, bej ^bnrblmetbagty,“ lbgeaybjjrmssms tdm nrmbtmj getmaagcgoam bej smesgoam ebturms6 ikr, wdgast oktd brm ngrnul-snrgomj oy b jmflegtm omcgeegec bej mej, tdm getmaagcgoam nrmbtgke, lbjm up ki becmasbej skuas (p. >9), nbe ikrmvmr mxgst oy vgrtum ki b pbrtgngpbtgke ge Ckj, wdk gs dglsmai uengrnulsnrgomj bej wgtdkut aglgt. Dmenm, batdkucd tdm butdkr jkms ekt lmetgke gtdmrm, tmlpkrba  jgbstmlbtgn  mxgstmenm nbe ambj tk  mpmftbsgs , wdgnd dm jmsnrgoms masm-wdmrm bs ‑be mvmrabstgec nklluegke wgtd Ckj“ (p. 2:). Sdbt gs prkoamlbtgn gs tdmwby tdm butdkr jmflems tdgs nklluegke, oktd dmrm bej ge tdm dmrmbitmr, bs be ‑ketk-akcgnba pbrtgngpbtgke“6 ikr, bs dm rgcdtay bnfekwamjcms masmwdmrm (p. =?), ^t Crmckry‗smlpdbsgs ke tdm  jgbstmlbtgn  ebturm ki nrmbtmj omgecs lbfms b pbrtgngpbtgke ge Ckj‗sebturm glpkssgoam.Zdm smnkej ndbptmr, ke ‑Zglm, Abecubcm, bejZdkucdt,“ krcbegnbaay ikaakws tdm flrst oy kosmrvgec tdm wby tdbt Crmckry‗s vgmw ki tdm  jgbstmlb  sdbpms tdkucdt bej abecubcm.Ge tdm flrst bej smnkej smntgkes ke ‑Zdkucdt, Abecubcm, bej tdm ∉η ώϊγ½β   “ bej ‑Zglmbej Abecubcm“ rmspmntgvmay, gt gs jmlkestrbtmj tdbt oktd tdkucdt bej abecubcm brm jgbstmlbtgn  oy ebturm bej tdmrmikrm nbeekt lmbsurm Ckj (p. :4). Zdm emxt smntgke, ke‑Zglm bej Zdkucdt,“ nkesgsts lbgeay ge b prujmet nrgtgqum ki Lkrwmeb Aujakw‗sbebaysgs ki ^t Crmckry‗s getmrprmtbtgke kiBorbdbl‗s ‑pgacrglbcm ki ibgtd“ (p. 98) wdmrmAujakw smms tdm dgstkrgnba kr mbrtday `kuremy ki tdm Kaj Zmstblmet flcurm bs tbfgec prmnmjmenm kvmr dgs bsnmet ki ibgtd tdbt dbs tk jk wgtd dgs nketmlpabtgke ki ‑getmaagcgoamrmbagtgms“ (p. 9>). Zdgs gs tbetblkuet tk pbrtgngpbtgke ge be ‑getmaagcgoam tmlpkrbagty“ kr be  mpmftbtgn  `kuremy (p. 9=). Sdbt ikaakws gs be mxnursus ke ‑]egke wgtd Ckj,“ wdgnd pgnfs up tdgs pbrtgngpbtkry trbnf oy bjjrmssgec tdm lgej‗s uegke wgtd Ckj ge rmabtgke os[os[obeemr =49  @K]_EBA KI _MAGCGK]^ DG^ZK_W © ?82: Zdm Butdkrs  @kureba ki _magcgkus Dgstkry  © ?82: _magcgkus Dgstkry Bsskngbtgke  tk tdm Borbdbl baamckry6 mspmngbaay tdm prkoaml pksmj oy tdm glpagnbtgke tdbt tdm jgbstmlb  gs flebaay kvmrnklm ge b nrmbturm‗s bsnmet tk Ckj (pp. 99„93).Zdm fleba smntgke,‑Abecubcm, Zdkucdt, bej tdm ^bnrblmetbagty ki Zglm,“ jmlkestrbtms tdbt, wdgast tdm jgbstmlbtgn  ebturm ki tdkucdt bej abecubcm smrvm tk ‑jgiimrmetgbtm bej jgstbenm dulbe-gty irkl Ckj“ (p. 97), emvmrtdmamss tdmy bask bnt bs tdm lmbes wdmrmoy dulbegty nklmsgetk nklluegke wgtd dgl.Zdm fleba ndbptmr, ke ‑Zglm bej Ndrgstkakcy,“ wmbvms baa ki tdm prmnmjgec tkpgnstkcmtdmr bej irblms tdml wgtdge tdm pmrske ki Ndrgst (smm ‑Zdm Jgvgegty ki tdm ^ke“ pp. 39„37). Ge tdm smntgke ke ‑Mtmregty bej Mnkekly,“ Bomngeb bssmrts tdbt ge tdm Eyssme‗s jmobtm wgtd Mueklgus dm nrgtgngsmj tdm abttmr‗s getmrprmtbtgke ki Xrkvmros40?? bej 702 ge krjmr tk tdm biflrl tdm uenrmbtmj jgvgegty ki tdm ^ke6 sdkwgec tdbtrmimrmenms tk ‑nrmbtgke“ ge tdmsm vmrsms nkenmre ekt tdm nrmbtgke ki tdm ^ke oy tdmIbtdmr ge tglm (bs Mueklgus dbj bssmrtmj), out tdm mtmreba ^ke‗s nrmbtgke ki dgs kwe﬏msd ge tdm Genbrebtgke (pp. 48„42). Bomngeb stbtms tdbt tdm Genbrebtgke wbs jmsnrgomj  oy ^t Crmckry bs b ‑nkllgecagec“ ki tdm twk ebturms ge krjmr tk bvkgj pbrtgngpbtkryabecubcm wdgnd gs rmamvbet ikr nrmbturms keay (pp. 48„4>), omikrm lkvgec tk b smntgkenbaamj ‑Jgvgem bej Dulbe Ebturm.“ Dmrm, dm jgstgecugsdms omtwmme b vmrtgnba pbrtgngpbtgke abecubcm usmj ge rmcbrj tk nrmbturms, bej b dkrgzketba pbrtgngpbtgkeabecubcm (‑bssulptgke,“ ‑nkllgecagec,“ ‑nklogebtgke,“ ‑uegke,“ mtn.) jmektgec tdm^ke‗s bssulptgke ki dulbegty (pp. 44„78). Ge tdm emxt smntgke, ke ‑Fmeksgs bej Jmgflnbtgke,“ Bomngeb sdkws tdbt ge sklm nbsms ^t Crmckry bvkgjs pbrtgngpbtgkeabecubcm batkcmtdmr ge krjmr tk dgcdagcdt tdm fmektgn ‑jmsnmet ki tdm ^ke tk dulbeebturm“ wdgnd gs ‑lbtndmj oy tdm mamvbtgke ki tdm dulbe ebturm tk jgvgegty“6 tdmrmoyrmsuatgec ge tdm jmgflnbtgke ki Ndrgst‗s ﬏msd (p. 7=). Zdbt tdgs jmgflnbtgke dbs rblgfl-nbtgkes ikr oktd tglm bej mtmregty gs jmlkestrbtmj ge tdm fleba smntgke ke ‑Zglm,^bnrblmetbagty, bej     Βψλΰβϊ ώϊβώηϏ  ,“ wdmrm Bomngeb sdkws tdbt wdgast ge tdmGenbrebtgke Ndrgst nklpamtmay kvmrnklms ‑tdm tmlpkrba jgbstmlbtgn aglgtbtgkes tdbtbrm prkpmr tk tdm dulbe nrmbturm“ (p. 28>), emvmrtdmamss tdm dulbe omgec‗s ‑ketk-akcgnba“ (out wdgnd sdkuaj rmbj ‑mxgstmetgba“) bssglgabtgke tk Ndrgst gs obsmj prmngsmayke tdm Genbrebtgke ‚ tdm sbnrblmet  pbr mxnmaamenm  (p. 28:). Zdgs gs omnbusm Ndrgstdbs barmbjy rmstkrmj (tdrkucd    ψλΰβϊ ώϊβώηϏ  ) dulbegty tk gts ‑krgcgeba pbrbjgsbastbtm“ (p. 28=) bej, wdgast tdgs rmstkrbtgke wgaa keay om iuaflaamj msndbtkakcgnbaay,gt gs ekemtdmamss kiimrmj tk baa oy crbnm (p. 284)6 b crbnm tdbt tdm butdkr jmsnrgomsbs omgec mxpmrgmenmj tmlpkrbaay ke bnnkuet ki Crmckry‗s naksm bsskngbtgke ki tdm bpkfbtbstbsgs  wgtd tdm  β μ   , ‑b tmrl jmsgcebtgec b tmlpkrba, lmbsurboam, bej dmenmjgbstmlbtgn bcm tk nklm“ (p. 287).Ge nkenaujgec dgs lbge brculmet, tdm butdkr smmfs tk prkvm tdm sbnrblmetba ndbr-bntmr ki tglm oy rmgtmrbtgec tdbt tdm ^ke‗s jmgflnbtgke ki dgs kwe nrmbturmay ﬏msd bej  oakkj getk tdm ‑bjgbstmlbtgn geflegty ki Ckj“ bnts bs tdm obsgs ikr tdm msndbtkakcgnbatrb`mntkry ki sbnrmj tglm, bej ki kur kwe mxpmrgmenm ki sbavbtgke (p. 228). Gt gs tdgsmxgstmetgba jglmesgke tdbt uejmragems tdm getrgesgn vbaum ki tdgs vkaulm, wdgnd sun-nmmjs ge jrbwgec kur bttmetgke tk ^t Crmckry ki Eyssb‗s vgmw ki b sbnrmj tmlpkrbagtyikuejmj upke @msus Ndrgst. Bs sund, tdm butdkr wkrfs nkllmejboay tkwbrjs dgsgetmejmj ckba, lmetgkemj ge dgs ‑Xrmibnm,“ wdgnd gs tk orgec pbtrgstgn agtmrbturm,rmprmsmetmj dmrm oy tdm Eyssme, getk nkevmrsbtgke wgtd ‑nketmlpkrbry Ndrgstgbetdmkakcgnba rm﬏mntgke ke tdm ebturm ki tglm, kur mxgstmenm bs dgstkrgnba omgecs, bej kur kwe rmabtgke tk Ckj‗s mtmregty“ (p. vgg).L B_GK  O BCDK^ ]egvmrsgty ki ^yjemy os[os[obeemr =43 OKKF _MYGMS^ © ?82: Zdm Butdkrs  @kureba ki _magcgkus Dgstkry  © ?82: _magcgkus Dgstkry Bsskngbtgke
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