SAP SD Definitions

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  1.CUSTOMER MASTER   Data which are to be used frequently with consistency and stored in long term view for the business processes are called Master data.   Partner types:- identifies the nature of the partner and differentiates between the business process.   Partner functions:- Identifies the role of the partner type within the business transaction.   Account group:- classifications of the master data according to the partner role. It controls the fields in the CM, number assignments. 2.MATERIAL MASTER   Material master stores the data about the material required for the all the organizational units in separate views.   Material group is the group of materials which has the same attributes. Eg;- metal processing, electronics,etc.   Material type is the key which assigns the material to the group according to its functional role in the business process.   Material type controls number assignment, quantity / value update in valuation area, views for the Material master, default item category, account assignment. Eg;- raw material, finished goods, trading goods. 3.ENTERPRISE STRUCTURE   A Company Code :-is a organizational unit included in the balance sheet of a legally-independent enterprise-the central organizational element of Financial Accounting.    Controlling Area :- is a cost-oriented organizational element used to represent a closed system for cost accounting purposes.O ne controlling area can handle cost accounting for several company codes   Sales Organisation :- Sales Organisation represents the selling unit as a legal entity ,is responsible for the sale and distribution of goods or services and liable for product guarantees and other rights to recourse.   Distributional Channel:- represents the channel through which saleable materials or services reach customers.   Division:-   is a collection of Product groups. A material belongs to exactly one division only.   Sales Area:- is the set-up that combines sales organisation, distributional channel and division.   Sales Office   is the geographical aspects of the organization in business development and sales    Sales Group   is the staff of a Sales office.Employees of a sales office can be assigned to sales groups defined for each division or distribution channel.   Plant is the manufacturing facility where the goods are produced or the storage location in case if there is no manufacturing concept.   Storage location is storage facility within a plant where the stock is physically stored. The storage location has the where houses in proximity. 4.SALES DOCUMENTS   Different sales document represents the different business transactions in sales and thus provide model for the entire sales order process.    Sales document basic functions:      Determining the delivering plant, Shipping point & Route automatically      Availability check & Transfer of requirements    Delivery Scheduling  –  determines lead times for delivery processing.      Pricing- indicates how a price should be determined for the sales order item.      Sales Information System - dictates how the sales information system is updated with sales order information to plan and control sales.      Checking Credit Limits     Sales header information:    Sold-to Party, Ship-to party      Purchase Order Number       Sales Area Data      Payment Terms      Pricing elements for the entire document      Order Status     Item line information:    Material number &Quantity      Pricing conditions for the individual items    Item level text      Item level status      Plant and storage location      Schedule lines     Schedule lines contains the qty and the delivery dates.   The item category controls what the item does in the sales document in terms of delivery , price and billing and functions associated with that business transaction.    A quotation presents the customer with a legally binding offer for delivering a product or service within certain fixed conditions, such as the validity period and the terms and conditions .    Inquiry  –  Non-Binding Agreement- Information gained from these documents can be used to gauge different markets, sales, inventory trends.       Contracts- Outline agreements that a customer promises to order over a specified period of time, at a fixed quantity or value and the price involved, however without any mention about schedule lines.    Schedule agreements- Outline agreements that a customer promises to order over a specified period of time, at a fixed quantity or value and the price involved with determined schedule lines.    Assortment Module: it is an order entry tool used in sales order that displays a list of materials and services that can be released from a value contract. It has a validity date and a restriction that only the materials and services that belong in the same sales organization and distribution channel for which your release order is being made will be displayed.    Cash sale:  It is special sales process in which the customer pays for the goods and picks up the delivery .The sales order and the delivery is carried out at the same time. Normally the billing is either sent after the delivery or not sent to the customer at all.    Rush order   :is a special sales process carried out with immediate delivery option normally on the same day, however the sales order , delivery and billing process takes place in the sequence as in standard sales process.    Consignment refers to those goods which are stored at the customer’s location but are owned by the business.   CONSIGNMENT FILLUP   CONSIGNMENT ISSUE   CONSIGNMENT RETURNS   CONSIGNMENT PICKUP 5. PRICING   ( Pricing ) Procedure:- is set of process through which (the price for an item is) required information is read among the permitted permutations and combinations, by following the arithmetical and / logical operations in a predefined sequence.   Condition type:- is a arithmetic calculation or logic maintained in the procedure to arrive at the value for the field.   Access sequence:- represents the search strategy to access the condition tables in a predefined hierarchy to find the matching condition records.   Condition tables:-forms the accesses for the access sequence, contains key fields required to find the suitable condition records.   Exclusive access indicators:-  If the Exclusive access  indicator is set, the system looks no further after it finds the first valid condition record. In this case, the system cannot determine a best price.     Condition exclusion group:- the condition which result in the best/ worst value is selected and others are deactivated.   Condition supplement:- the conditions which are to be accessed together in the procedure are grouped in condition supplement.   Group condition:- the cumulative value of the quantity is taken as the condition base value for scale point determination, but the rate for each item is taken from its individual condition record.   6.SHIPPING  –  OUTBOUND DELIVERY    A shipping point:- is an independent organizational unit at a fixed location that processes and monitors outbound deliveries as well as goods issue.    Shipping processing include:      Monitoring of deadlines for reference documents due for shipping (eg, customer orders and PO)      Creating and processing outbound deliveries      Monitoring goods availability      Monitoring capacity situation in the warehouse      Support for picking (with link to the Warehouse Management System)      Packing the delivery      Printing and transmitting shipping documents      Processing goods issue      Controlling through overviews of:   -  deliveries currently in process   -  activities still to be performed   -  possible bottlenecks     Outbound delivery is the process in which the goods are picked, packed and issued and the relevant necessary documents are created at every stage.   Picking is the process of physically removing the goods from the source storage bin in the storage location / warehouse complex to deliver goods on schedule.   Transfer Order is the document which is required for movement of the goods from the source storage bin to destination bin within the warehouse complex.   Picking list is the output created for the picking personnel bin in the warehouse during the outbound delivery, to give the information about the item, quantity, storage bin details.    Packing is the process of assigning delivery items to shipping materials. This produces shipping units.    Packing material type: is the packaging material classified according to the delivery items to be packed.    Pacing material group: is group defined for the set of delivery items which has similar packing requirements.    Goods issue: is the process of releasing the goods for the shipment from the warehouse after the necessary steps are carried out.   Goods issue functions:   Reduces the stock in the inventory   Updates the inventory balance sheet of the inventory accounting.   Creates the due list for the billing   Updates the sales information system   Updates the sales process status.   Reduces the delivery requirements in the material requirements planning.

Gambit Notes 2230

Jul 23, 2017
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