Documents

SEC. 6 - People v Mamaril

Description
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
Categories
Published
of 3
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
  Sec. 6 – Issuance and Form of Search Warrant People of the Philippines, plaintiff-appellee vs. Olive Rubio amaril, !ccused-appellant F! #S$  On 25 March 2003, at 9:30 o’clock in the evening, SPO4 Alexis Gotioc, along !ith the e #ers o$ %ntel O&eratives o$ 'arlac (it)Police Station an Phili&&ine *r+g n$orce ent Agenc) -P*A., i &le ente Search /arrant o1 44( ate  March 2003 iss+e#) +ge Ali&io + +l o$ 6ranch 77, 8'( (a&as, 'arlac against the a&&ellant Ma aril in her resience1  Prior to the search, the &olice tea invite 6aranga) aga!a Oscar 'a#a o o$ 6aranga) Mali!alo to !itness the con+ct o$ thesearch an sei+re o&eration in the a&&ellant’s ho+se1  /ith 6aranga) aga!a 'a#a o, the &olice tea &resente the search !arrant to a&&ellant an in$or e her o$ the &+r&ose o$ thesearch an her constit+tional rights1  A$ter!ars, SPO4 Gotioc, the esignate searcher, starte searching the a&&ellant’s ho+se, in the &resence o$ the a&&ellant anaga!a 'a#a o1  *+ring his search, he $o+n on the to& cover o$ the re$rigerator one -. &lastic sachet containing !hite cr)stalline s+#stance1  'herea$ter he &re&are a (erti;icate o$ Goo Search an (on;iscation 8ecei&t !hich the a&&ellant Ma aril re$+se to sign1  'he &lastic sachet !as #ro+ght to the 'arlac Provincial (ri e <a#orator) $or =+alitative exa ination1  'he exa ination con+cte #) ngr1 Marcene G1 Agala, the >orensic (he ist !ho teste the !hite cr)stalline s+#stance, )iele&ositive res+lts $or 01055 gra o$ Metha &heta ine ?)rochlorie, co onl) kno!n as sha#+, a angero+s r+g1'he $act+al version &resente #) the e$ense is:  On 25 March 2003, at 9:30 o’ clock in the evening the &olice o$;icers arrive at a&&ellant’s ho+se an sho!e her a search !arrant1  'herea$ter, the &olice en searche her ho+se #+t $o+n nothing1  'hen a certain Police O$;icer Pangilinan aske her !here she !as slee&ing1  /hen she re&lie that she !as insie the h+t, the &olice o$;icers &roceee to an searche the &lace an $o+n the &lastic sachet containing the sha#+1  'herea$ter, she !as #ro+ght to the s+#@station at Mali!alo an !as tol, &artic+larl) #) SPO4 Gotioc an a certain Ma’a *+la)that in exchange o$ P20,000100, no case !o+l #e ;ile against her1  /hen she tol the that she i not have one), she !as etaine1  ?o!ever, on cross@exa ination, the a&&ellant a itte that the allege extortion o$ P20,000100 !as not re&orte to the higherranking &olice o$;icers1Acc+se  A&&ellant clai s that the &olice o$;icers $ra e her +& an &lante the sha#+ insie her ho+se #eca+se o$ her re$+sal to givethe one)1  vent+all), an %n$or ation !as ;ile against Ma aril !hich states that: acc+se, i then an there !ill$+ll), +nla!$+ll) ancri inall) have in her &ossession an control Metha &heta ine ?)rochlorie kno!n as Sha#+, a angero+s r+g, !eighing ore  or less 01055 gra , !itho+t #eing a+thorie #) la!1 (O'8A8 'O <A/  B&on arraign ent, Ma aril entere a &lea o$ not g+ilt)18'(  acc+se@a&&ellant g+ilt) o$ violation o$ Section , Article %%, o$ 81A1 975 -(o &rehensive *angeo+s *r+gs Act o$ 2002.  On a&&eal, the (A r+le that the evience $or the &rosec+tion $+ll) &rove #e)on reasona#le o+#t the ele ents necessar) tos+ccess$+ll) &rosec+te a case $or illegal &ossession o$ a reg+late r+g, na el),  the acc+se is in &ossession o$ an ite or an o#Cect ienti;ie to #e a &rohi#ite or a reg+late r+g,  -#. s+ch &ossession is not a+thorie #) la! an  -c. the acc+se $reel) an conscio+sl) &ossesse sai r+g1  (entere on the con+ct o$ the search o$ a&&ellant’s ho+se that )iele the &rohi#ite s+#stance, the (A +&hel that the searchcon+cte #) the %'< O&eratives o$ 'arlac (it) Police Station, in coorination !ith the P*A, on the resience o$ the acc+se@a&&ellant Ma aril an the sei+re -. &lastic &ack o$ Dsha#+D !eighing 01055 gra are legal1  ?ence, as a conse=+ence o$ the legal search, the sai Dsha#+D seie on the occasion thereo$, is a issi#le in evience against theacc+se@a&&ellant1%n this a&&eal, acc+se@a&&ellant &resente ne! arg+ ents, that -. the search !arrant !as not #ase on &ro#a#le ca+se, hence, theevience allegel) o#taine thro+gh it a) not #e a itte to s+&&ort the acc+se@a&&ellant’s convictionE   an -2. the &res+ &tion o$ reg+larit) in the &er$or ance o$ o$;icial $+nctions #) &+#lic o$;icers cannot &revail over the &res+ &tion o$ innocence1 ISS%&$ /O the search !arrant !as #ase on &ro#a#le ca+se R%'I()$ S  'he contention o$ the acc+se@a&&ellant is that the iss+e search !arrant !as not #ase on &ro#a#le ca+se1  She relie heavil) on its arg+ ent that SPO4 Gotioc, as the a&&licant o$ the search !arrant, i not testi$) on $acts &ersonall)kno!n to hi #+t si &l) relie on stories that the acc+se@ a&&ellant !as &eling illegal r+gs1'he re=+isites $or the iss+ance o$ a search !arrant are: -. &ro#a#le ca+se is &resentE -2. s+ch &ro#a#le ca+se +st #e eter ine &ersonall) #) the C+geE -3. the C+ge +st exa ine, in !riting an +ner oath or a$;ir ation, the co &lainant an the !itnesses he or she a) &ro+ceE -4. the a&&licant an the !itnesses testi$) on the $acts &ersonall) kno!n to the E an -5. the !arrant s&eci;icall) escri#es the &lace to #e searche an the things to #e seie1  S $  6ase on the recors, the (o+rt is convince that the =+estione search !arrant !as #ase on a &ro#a#le ca+se1   A &ortion o$ the irect testi on) o$ SPO4 Gotioc sho!e that the #asis $or his a&&lication $or search !arrant againast the acc+se!as $or the reason that there !ere an) &ersons !ho !ere going to her &lace an the) have #een hearing ne!s that she is selling&rohi#ite r+gs an so e o$ the !ere even ienti;ie1  Moreover, the) alrea) con+cte s+rveillance &rior to the a&&lication $or search !arrantE an accoring to Gotioc, he &ersonall)hear that the acc+se !as ealing &rohi#ite r+gs1 Section 6, Rule 126 of the Rules on Criminal Procedure  &rovies that:%$ the C+ge is satis;ie o$ the existence o$ $acts +&on !hich the a&&lication is #ase or that there is &ro#a#le ca+se to #elieve that the) exist,he shall iss+e the !arrant, !hich +st #e s+#stantiall) in the $or &rescri#e #) these 8+les1  'here is no general $or +la or ;ixe r+le $or the eter ination o$ &ro#a#le ca+se since the sa e +st #e ecie in light o$ theconitions o#taining in given sit+ations an its existence e&ens to a large egree +&on the ;inings or o&inion o$ the C+gecon+cting the exa ination1  %t is &res+ e that a C+icial $+nction has #een reg+larl) &er$or e, a#sent a sho!ing to the contrar)1  'he e$ense’s reliance o$ the =+ote testi on) o$ the &olice o$;icer alone, !itho+t an) other evience to sho! that there !as ineelack o$ &ersonal kno!lege, is ins+$;icient to overt+rn the ;ining o$ the trial co+rt1 'he acc+se@a&&ellant, having $aile to &resent s+#stantial re#+ttal evience to e$eat the &res+ &tion o$ reg+larit) o$ +t) o$ theiss+ing C+ge, cannot not #e s+staine #) the (o+rt1 /?8>O8, the instant a&&eal is *&(I&* 1

lecture16.pdf

Apr 16, 2018
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks