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    “ HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY”   2012   12/3/2012  December 3, 2012 [ “HEALTH AND SAFETY M  ANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE P RODUCTIVITY” ]   ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………   CONTENTS Health and Safety Management and its impact on employee productivity  .......................................... 1 1. Introduction  ................................................................................................................................................................... 1 2. Health and safety in construction industry  .................................................................................................. 1 3. Literature On The Relationship Between The Health And Safety Practices On Employee Productivity  ........................................................................................................................................................................ 4 4. Health and Safety Management System  .......................................................................................................... 6 4.1 Evaluation Of Health And Safety Management System  .................................................................. 6 4.2 Laws And Regulations About Health And Safety Management   .................................................. 7 4.3 Principles of managing for health and safety  ...................................................................................... 8 4.4 Integrated Health, Safety and Productivity Management Model  ............................................ 10 4.5 Health, Safety and Productivity process  ............................................................................................... 12 5. Recommendations  .................................................................................................................................................... 13 6. Conclusion  ..................................................................................................................................................................... 13 REFERENCES  .......................................................................................................................................................................... 15  December 3, 2012 [ “HEALTH AND SAFETY M  ANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE P RODUCTIVITY” ]   1   Health and Safety Management and its impact on employee productivity HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY    1. INTRODUCTION There is a survey conducted in United Kingdom which tells that almost twenty lack people in United Kingdom are suffered by the illness or due to atmosphere of working area. It is observed that bad health of employees has badly hurt the organizational productivity. An estimate of the loss suffered by the United Kingdom’s  economy due to sickness of employees is around twelve  billion pounds per year. As per reports of Health and Safety statistics 2005/06 HSE Books (2006) construction industry of England is second from the top where the self reported cases of illness are three thousand eight hundred out of one hundred thousand employees per year. It is  been recorded that the organization in United Kingdom which has the higher mortality rate is in the construction business. As per view of Snashall (2005)   Employees working in construction companies are the most unsafe employees in the world and on number two the laborers and  bricklayers have the high mortality rate as compared to other workers. 2. HEALTH AND SAFETY IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY Construction industries have been donating and contributing in European Union (EU- 15), example of which is the contribution of NACE, F sector (construction industry ’s) which contributed an amount of four hundred and seventy billion Euro which constitutes around five  percent gross domestic product of EU-15. This huge contribution was made in year 2002 by  bunch of 1.9 million construction companies. As per survey conducted by Labour Force in 2002 stets that the construction enterprises have workers somewhat around 12.7 million, this figure is equal to almost eight percent of the total workforce of EU -15. And out of this huge work force ninety one percent of them are men. According to survey conducted by EU it is observed that the  pace with which work force in the construction industry is increasing is as same as it was recorded in year 1995 i-e with nine percent. Below mentioned is the range of labor force in construction industry in different countries.  December 3, 2012 [ “HEALTH AND SAFETY M  ANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE P RODUCTIVITY” ]   2   Health and Safety Management and its impact on employee productivity Sweden shares five and a half percent of overall workforce in construction industry and rest of the shares of countries are given below in the table. Table: 1 Percentage of the workers in the construction industry Source: Karjalainen A. (2004).   In year 2000 ESWC (European Survey of Working Conditions) conducted a survey according to which normally an employee absent rate due to illness is 7.3 days out in a full year. That survey further highlighted the reasons of this absenteeism as out of these absentees thirty two percent are because of the on work accidents, huge percentage of twenty eight is related to issues which are also in relevance to the work place but are non accidental reasons, and health issues non related to work constitute forty percent of absenteeism. Now if we empirically apply this data on to the 12.7 million work force of the construction industry, we would come to know that by these figures it means that in a year due to accidents at work around thirty million work days are lost and twenty eight million due to non- accidental work related problems.  December 3, 2012 [ “HEALTH AND SAFETY M  ANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE P RODUCTIVITY” ]   3   Health and Safety Management and its impact on employee productivity But if we look at this perspective historically we would come to know that from 1994 a gradual decline has been seen in occurrence rate of lethal and non lethal accidents at overall branches of  NACE and in construction companies. Figure 2 has been presented which shows that the decline rate in lethal reasons of accidents at work place has reduced much faster than as compared to non deadly incidents at work place. It is observed the in the construction sector in the medium and small sized organizations the rate of non fatal accidents is higher than as compared to fatal accidents. This difference indicates the difference in the resource availability which enables the organizations in maintenance and development of safety for the employees at the work place. It is observed the risk in the small scale industries ids higher for the reason that they operate in the sub sectors, where risk is usually higher, than other sectors. Table: 2 Incident rate of workers in the construction industry Source: Karjalainen A. (2004).
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