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Southern Africa Countries

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  Southern Africa Countries:  Botswana Lesotho Mozambique    Namibia South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe  East African Countries:  Tanzania    Botswana is one of the world's most exciting travel destinations for exploring wildlife and offers some of the best wildlife safaris you'll find. The natural beauty of Botswana is found in its land formations, its wilderness, wildlife and its cultural diversity. To travel Botswana offers an unique experience in exploring wildlife, birds and game in its natural state. Malaria is endemic to most parts of the country and anti-malarial precautions should be taken. Parks & Reserves  From the ancient baobabs of the Makgadikgadi Pans Game Reserve, the vast open land of the Central   Kalahari Game Reserve, the sand dunes of the Kgalagadi, to the savannah grasslands of  Chobe National   Park  and the mophane woodland of the Tuli Game Reserve there is a wide variety of wildlife in Botswana. However it is in the Okavango Delta and Moremi Game Reserve that visitors will find unforgettable   beauty. Travel Options  Most of the camps (or lodges) in Botswana cannot be reached by own vehicle. People often get lost as the tracks are not clearly visible and most private vehicles are not equipped to handle the conditions. We suggest that you join a safari - unless you are familiar with the country. Most safaris start at Maun or Kasane. Both are connected to major  airports in Southern Africa or easily reached by car. Botswana has one of the largest varieties as well as concentrations of wild animals in the world and is a birders paradise. Encounter the Big Five whilst on safari at any of the exclusive lodges. Lesotho is a landlocked country and enclave  —  entirely surrounded by South Africa. It is the only independent state in the world that lies entirely above 1,000 metres above sea level. Its lowest point is 1,400 metres and over 80% of the country lies above 1,800 metres. Lesotho offers the chance to enjoy Africa’s majestic beauty, the simplicity of a mountain people, and a serene quality of life for discerning travellers from all over the world. Known as the Kingdom in the Sky it is building a reputation as a fantastic adventure holiday destination. The Basotho people are very friendly and welcoming, the country is relatively safe and politically stable. It offers a magnificent opportunity to explore nature still little changed by man, still unspoilt by crowds of tourists, and to appreciate the untamed but beautiful landscapes of the soaring Maluti and Drakensberg mountains. Languages: Sesotho (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa Capital Maseru    Electricity  220/30 volts AC, 50Hz; 15-amp round pin plugs are in use. Money  Lesotho's currency, the Loti (LSL) (plural Maloti), is fixed at a 1:1 ratio with the South African Rand (ZAR). South African currency is accepted everywhere - there is no need to change money. However you will get Maloti in change (unless you ask) which is very difficult to change in South Africa. There are ATMs at banks in most towns, but not elsewhere. Most banks will change travellers cheques for you, but it can be a very lengthy process if they in any other currency then Rand (ZAR). Credit cards are not widely accepted.  Visa  Citizens of most Commonwealth countries, Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries, European states and the US will be granted a free entry permit, valid for 30 days.  Your passport needs to be valid for another six month and you need at least two blank pages. The proof of a return or onward ticket or your future travel plans might be asked, but this should not be a problem. Climate  The weather conditions in summer are ideal for camping and enjoying the outdoors. Rain, however, will also fall during these months. Temperatures range between 18C and 30C, from the coolness of the highlands to the warmth of the lowlands. < The winters, however, can be very cold and any outdoor activities, especially in the highlands, should be avoided. Health  The HIV/Aids incidence rate in Lesotho is one of the highest in the world. As visiting anywhere in the world, do not have unprotected sex. Consult a doctor as to which vaccinations you will require, but they will most likely include Hep A, Hep B, Rabies, Typhoid. Tropical diseases such as Malaria, Yellow fever and Bilharzia are not present in Lesotho. < If you do have any serious health problems whilst in Lesotho, get in contact with your country's embassy either in Maseru, or in most cases, in Pretoria in South Africa, as there are very good hospitals across the border in South Africa. Lesotho is at a very high altitude, and the air is very thin especially in the Highlands, be warned that you may suffer from altitude sickness when you first arrive. Drink a lot of water and keep covered up, as it gets very hot in the sun in the summer! The water in Lesotho is not clean and should not be drunk untreated. Remember Lesotho's air is very dry and everyone will suffer from dry skin.
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