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SPECPOL (SPECIAL POLITICAL AND DECOLONIZATION COMMITTEE) BACKGROUND GUIDE Agenda: Prevention of Territorial Disputes and State Failure in Small Island Developing States ST. STEPHEN’S MODEL UNITED NATIONS ‘18 2 Contents Letter from the
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    SPECPOL (SPECIAL POLITICAL AND DECOLONIZATION COMMITTEE) BACKGROUND GUIDE  Agenda: Prevention of Territorial Disputes and State Failure in Small Island Developing States ST. STEPHEN’S MODEL UNITED NATIONS ‘18      2 Contents Letter from the Director of Simulations ....................................................................... 3 Letter from the Executive Board…… .. …………………………………………………………………………4  Proof Accepted in Committee ……………………………………………………………………………………. 6 Committee Description …………..…………………………………………………………………..……………..8  Introduction to Small Island Developing States (SIDS).. …………………………………………… .10 Vulnerabilities Faced by SIDS ……………………………………………………………………………………1 3 International Perspective ………………………………………………………..……………………………… .25 Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… .35    3 1.0 Letter from the Director of Simulations We are honou red and delighted to invite you to the tenth edition of St. Stephen’s Model United Nations hosted by one of the most prestigious educational institutions of the country and a collegiate society, The Planning Forum, started by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru himself. With a legacy of establishment going back to 1881, our college fosters the essence of a transforming nation itself in its charming historical campus, and it is this heritage which we wish to extend through the interactions at SMUN ‘18.  We, at SMUN, have come to recognize that in an exponentially expanding MUN culture in the country, the academic pursuit and quest for debating the merits of ideas has been waylaid somehow beneath the veneer of numbers. In our opinion, students have the most to achieve and learn within the ambit of a college-level MUN when it is organized without the dilutions in the academic impetus as seen in current conferences. Therefore, it is our humble endeavour to bring quality dialogue back to the entire concept of articulating diplomacy and informed decision making. We shall gladly undertake this responsibility, with your participation, in making our five passionately conceptualized committees a success, and helping us in providing a debate which truly challenges the status quo as encompassed in areas as diverse as law, disarmament or human rights, and a timeline of events — past and future. My organizing committee and I look forward to hosting you in the February of 2018, at the largest SMUN conference yet, which we hope will go a long way in providing you with an opportunity to not only debate and learn, but also network, engage with our college’s student body, and share in our vision for a competitive yet intellectually rewarding conference. On behalf of the organiz ing committee of SMUN ’18 and The Planning Forum of St. Stephe n’s College, I invite you to an  experience of three days, five committees, a handpicked executive board, and a peek into what we fondly call the Stephania. Regards, Sanaa Alvira Director of Simulations The Planning Forum St. Stephen’s College      4 2.0 Letter from the Executive Board   Dear Delegates, It gives me great pleasure to welcome you to the academic simulation of the UNGA-IV Committee at St. Stephen’s College Model United Nations Conferen ce 2018. We hope this experience enriches your public speaking skills and that you learn about a pressing world issue that complicates the lives of many people in our country as well as abroad. Before the conference, it is very important to break the larger agenda into smaller subtopics and ask yourself questions about the agenda. Making chits and moderated caucus topics beforehand would give you an edge in moderately larger committees like the UNGA. It is also crucial to enhance your leadership skills and lobbying capacity since we will be giving equal importance to overall participation in committee. We would be using the UNA-USA rules of procedure to facilitate this simulation. You may consult http://www.unausa.org/global-classrooms-model-un/how-to-participate/model-un-preparation/rules-of-procedure to clear queries, if any, regarding the same. Our agenda is ‘Prevention of Territorial Dispute and State Failure in Small Island Developing States’. This background guide must not be taken to be exhaustive i n scope. This guide aims at providing you with the foundational knowledge and give concrete real world examples. Not all aspects of each case are discussed in detail since our objective is to explain the territorial dispute and state failure as opposed to finding a solution for each case. However, I have tried to provide extra links for research under each category to provide a nuanced context. I would take this opportunity to elaborate upon the criteria for judgment which we will follow in the committee. We hardly see Executive Board Members spell out the criteria for  judgment in the committee for various reasons. However, since we wish to ensure a fair simulation, we will elaborate upon the criteria we wish to follow and institute in the committee to give an equal footing to every delegate participating, as follows: 1. Research [3] 2. Analysis [3] 3. Guidance of Debate (Participation in Moderated Caucus and Unmoderated Caucus/Lobbying) [2] 4. Policy Considerations (Furtherance/Defence) [2]
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