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  VALENTINE KARASI IBRAIM 9/13/2014   PUBLIC SPEAKING  CHAPTER TWO SPEAKING WITH CONFIDENCE The goal of this chapter is to allow one gain specific strategies to speak with greater comfort and less anxiety. It also helps students to understand why they became nervous and learn positive approaches that allow their nervousness to work for them. Understanding your Nervousness    Your Psychology Affects Your Body Researchers have found out that among the causes of anxiety about public speaking are; Fear of humiliation, concern about not being prepared, worry about one’s looks, pressure to perform, personal insecurity and fear of making mistakes. This physical discomfort may make less eye contact with your audience. Although you see your physical responses as hindrances, your body is simply trying to help you with the task at hand.    Your Biology Affects Your Psychology Communication apprehension may have a long-term genetic, biological basis. Some people inherit a tendency to feel anxious about speaking in public but the problem can be manages and solved. Even if you are  predisposed to feel nervous because of your genetic makeup, there are strategies that you can use to help manage your apprehension.    Your Apprehension Follows a Predictable Pattern Most people feel anxious right before their speech but it begins to decrease dramatically as you continue with your speech. There are four styles of communication apprehension namely; Average, Insensitive, Inflexible and Confrontational. Knowing communication apprehension helps one to know that he or she is not alone and others have your feelings, having a general idea of your own style to give you greater insight into how to better manage your apprehension. Build Your Confidence    Know Your Audience Know to whom you will be speaking, and learn much about your audience. Be audience-centered than a speaker centered. An audience centered speaker focuses on connecting to listeners rather than focusing on fear.    Don’t Procrastinate  Speakers who are more apprehensive about speaking put off working on their speeches, in contrast to speakers who are less anxious about public speaking. Lack of preparation results to poorer speech performance. Don’t let your fear freeze you into inaction.      Select an appropriate Topic Talking about something you are passionate about can boost your motivation and help you to manage your fear. Your comfort with speech will be reflected in your delivery.     Be Prepared The better prepared you are, the less anxiety you will experience. Good preparation means that you have researched on the topic and fully understood it    Be Organized Preparation means you have developed a logically coherent outline rather than one that is disorganized. To help manage your apprehension about speaking, listen carefully to what the assignment is, ask for additional information if you’re unclear about the task, and develop a well-organized message    Knowing Your Introduction and Your Conclusion It is a good idea to have a clear plan for how you will start your speech. Being familiar with your introduction will help you to feel more comfortable about the entire speech. Same to the ending, a well-delivered conclusion can permit you a graceful exit.    Make Practice Real When practicing make it real by picturing how the room looks like, or consider rehearsing in the room in which you will deliver your speech. A realistic rehearsal will increase your confidence when your moment to speak arrives    Breathe Nervous speakers take short and shallow breaths. Induced breathing patterns help to break anxiety. Take deep breaths as you are going to speak. Besides breathing deeply, try to relax your entire body. This two strategies help one to relax.    Channel Your Nervous Energy  Take control by channeling your body energy. As you are waiting to be introduced, focus on remaining calm. Act calm to feel calm. Tense and release your muscles to help you relax. Think calm too.    Visualize Your Success It’s helpful to visualize your speech to be successful which includes being confident in the entire speech. Imagine a scene in which you exhibit skill and comfort as a public speaker. The most important is that you look at yourself walking confidently to the front of the room and delivering your well-prepared remarks.    Give Yourself a Mental Pep Talk Mental pep talk can give you confidence and take your nervousness. Give yourself a positive apprehension that you can do it.When you entertain thoughts of worry and failure you don’t do any favors to yourself. Use your positive messages to replace the negative ones.    Focus on your message, Not your Fear The more you think about anxious about speaking, the more you will increase your level of anxiety. Instead it’s good to think about what you are going to say. Mention your main ideas, your introduction and conclusion. Focus on your ideas rather than your fear.    Look for Positive Support Stated more positively, when you are aware of positive audience support, you will feel more confident and less nervous. That is why it’s important to be audience centered.    Focus on Your Accomplishment, Not Your Fear


Jul 23, 2017
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