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  WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/SANSARYEARBOOK WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/TESTCURRENTAFFAIRS  1 Sansar Year Book SSC NOTES SPONSORED BY SSC SPECIAL SERIES -- PART 1   India's Position in the World   #######################   1. 1st to introduce government supported family planning in the world.    WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/SANSARYEARBOOK WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/TESTCURRENTAFFAIRS  2 2. Largest postal network in the world.   3. Largest livestock population.   4. Largest producer of milk.   5. Largest producer of millets in the world 6. Largest consumer of gold jewellery. 7. Largest producer of jute. 8. Largest producer of ginger. 9. Largest producer of bananas. 10. Largest producer of castor oil seeds. 11. Largest producer of mangoes. 12. Largest producer of safflower oil seeds. 13. Largest producer of papayas. 14. Second largest producer of tea, the first position being held by China. 15. Second largest producer of sugarcane, the first position being held by Brazil. 16. Second largest producer of wheat, the first position being held by China. 17. Second largest producer of onions, the first position being held by China. 18. Second largest producer of potatoes, the first position being held by China. 19. Second largest producer of garlic, the first position being held by China. 20. Second largest producer of rice, the first position being held by China. 21. Second largest producer of cotton seed, the first position being held by China. 22. Second largest producer of cement., next to China. 23. India has the second largest arable land in the world. The USA has the largest arable land in the world. 24. India is the third largest producer and second largest consumer of fertiliser in the world. 25. India has the largest deposits of Thorium in the world most of which is found in Kerala. NOTE: The agricultural information is as per latest data available on the website of Food and Agricultural Organisation.   SSC SPECIAL SERIES -- PART 2   National Symbols ##################   ●●●●National Emblem●●●●   1. The National Emblem is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.   2. The four smaller animals at the bottom of national emblem are horse and bull (visible) and lion and elephant (not visible).   3. The National Emblem was adopted by the Government of India on 26 January 1950. 4. 'Satyameva Jayate' inscribed below has been taken from the Mundaka Upanishad. ●●●●National Anthem●●●●  1. The national anthem 'Jana Gana Mana' was first sung at Calcutta session of Indian National Congress in 1911, 27 Dec. 2. It was adopted by the Indian constitution on 24 Jan 1950. 3. Its English rendering has been given by Tagore himself. 4. The song was composed srcinally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, the National Anthem is its Hindi version. 5. The complete song consists of five stanzas. The first stanza contains the full version of  WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/SANSARYEARBOOK WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/TESTCURRENTAFFAIRS  3 the National Anthem. 6. The playing time for full version of the song is 52 seconds. ●●●●National Song●●●●  1. The national song Vande Mataram has been taken from Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s Anand Math. 2. It was first sung at 1896 session of INC. 3. Its English rendering has been given by Shri Aurobindo. ●●●●National Calendar●●●●  1. The national calendar based on the Saka Era was adopted on 22 Mar 1957. 2. Chaitra is the first month of the year whose 1st day falls on 22 March normally and on 21 March in a leap year. 3. The national calendar also has 365/366 days 4. Chaitra has 30 days normally and 31 days in a leap year. ●●●●National Flag●●●●  1. The design of the national flag was adopted on 22 July 1947. 2. The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three. 3. The design of the wheel at the centre is taken from the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. 4. The 'Dharmachakra' (wheel) at the centre has 24 spokes. 5. The display of the National Flag is governed by Flag Code of India, 2002, which took effect on 26 Jan 2002. 6. As per the provisions of the Flag Code of India, 2002, there shall be no restriction on the display of the National Flag by members of general public, private organisations, educational institutions, etc.,except to the extent provided in the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950 and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 and any other law enacted on the subject. ●●●●Other National Symbols●●●●  1. The national bird is Peacock (Pavo cristatus) 2. The national fruit is Mango (Manigifera indica) 3. The national flower is Lotus (Nelumbo Nucipera Gaertn) 4. The national tree is Banyan (Ficus benghalensis) 5. The national animal is Tiger (Panthera tigris) 6. The national aquatic animal is River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica) 7. The national river is the Ganges   SSC SPECIAL SERIES -- PART 3   Facts to remember - Constituent Assembly   ########################################   1. The constituent assembly was formed on the recommendation of the Cabinet Mission which visited India in 1946.   2. The Constituent Assembly met for the first time in New Delhi on 9 December, 1946 in the Constitution Hall which is now known as the Central Hall of Parliament House.   3. Mr. Sachchidanand Sinha was elected provisional chairman of the assembly. 4. Dr Rajendra Prasad later became the permanent chairman of the constituent assembly. 5. On 13 December, 1946, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru moved the Objectives Resolution which resolved to proclaim India as an Independent Sovereign Republic and to draw up  WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/SANSARYEARBOOK WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/TESTCURRENTAFFAIRS  4 for her future governance a Constitution. 6. The Constituent Assembly took almost three years (two years, eleven months and seventeen days to be precise) to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India. 7. The Constituent Assembly held eleven sessions covering a total of 165 days. 8. India is governed in terms of the Constitution, which was adopted on 26 November, 1949, which was the last day of the Eleventh session of the Constituent Assembly. # This date finds mention in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution thus IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION. 9. The honourable members appended their signatures to the constitution on 24 January, 1950. 10. The Constitution of India came into force on 26 January, 1950. On that day, the Constituent Assembly ceased to exist, transforming itself into the Provisional Parliament of India until a new Parliament was constituted in 1952 ●●●Chairmen of various committees in the Constituent Assembly  1. Committee on the Rules of Procedure--Rajendra Prasad 2. Steering Committee--Rajendra Prasad 3. Finance and Staff Committee--Rajendra Prasad 4. Credential Committee--Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar 5. House Committee--B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya 6. Order of Business Committee--K.M. Munsi 7. Ad hoc Committee on the National Flag--Rajendra Prasad 8. Committee on the Functions of the Constituent Assembly--G.V. Mavalankar 9. States Committee--Jawaharlal Nehru 10. Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas--Vallabhbhai Patel 11. Minorities Sub-Committee--H.C. Mookherjee 12. Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee--J.B. Kripalani 13. North-East Frontier Tribal Areas and Assam Exluded & Partially Excluded Areas Sub-Committee--Gopinath Bardoloi 14. Excluded and Partially Excluded Areas (Other than those in Assam) Sub-Committee--A.V. Thakkar 15. Union Powers Committee---Jawaharlal Nehru 16. Union Constitution Committee---Jawaharlal Nehru 17. Drafting Committee---B.R. Ambedkar   SSC SPECIAL SERIES -- PART 4   INDIAN CONSTITUTION   ################   Indian constitution contains 395 articles in Parts I to XXII and 12 schedules.   ●Parts of Indian Constitution   Part ==Subject=== Articles Part I The Union and its territory Art. 1 to 4
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