Pets & Animals

SUBURBS TRANSFORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT

Description
D ANISH BUILDING RESEARCH INSTITUTE AALBORG UNIVERSITY COPENHAGEN SUBURBS TRANSFORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT PAPERS FROM THE NSBB-CONFERENCE SEPTEMBER 2013 IN DENMARK Suburbs transformation and development
Categories
Published
of 20
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
D ANISH BUILDING RESEARCH INSTITUTE AALBORG UNIVERSITY COPENHAGEN SUBURBS TRANSFORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT PAPERS FROM THE NSBB-CONFERENCE SEPTEMBER 2013 IN DENMARK Suburbs transformation and development Papers from the NSBB-conference September 2013 in Denmark SBi Danish Building Research Institute, Aalborg University 2013 Title Suburbs transformation and development Subtitle Papers from the NSBB-conference September 2013 in Denmark Edition 1st edition Year 2013 Peer reviewers Marie Stender, Ofri Earon, Katja Maununaho, Patrick Martinussen, Tina Maria Roden, Lotta Junnilainen, Teemu Kemppainen, Skak & Bloze, Jesper Rohr Hansen, Anders Høst, Lasse Andersson, Elisabeth Dalholm, Anders Righer Hansen, Peder Duelund Mortensen, Jonas E. Andersson, Tom Nielsen, Claus Bech-Danielsen, Jesper Ole Jensen Language English Pages 302 Key Words Suburbs, Nordic Urban and Housing Research Network, townscape, architecture, suburban qualities ISBN Publisher SBi, Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut, Aalborg Universitet, Danish Building Research Institute, Aalborg University A.C. Meyers Vænge 15, 2450 Copenhagen SV This publication is covered by the Danish Copyright Act. Content Workshop Session B // Architecture and everyday life Suburban development in Denmark... 6 Bonjour tristesse in Swedish suburbia - les banlieues sur la barricade!...10 Tools of change Housing needs for homeless Architecture and homeliness Designed communities? An ethnographic exploration of architecture and social life in three new residential spaces Living edge The prospect of urban dimensions of ecological domesticity. 46 Longevity of landscape architectural qualities Landscape Architecture in Contemporary Danish Suburban Development. 76 Re-imagining the Danish Suburb Workshop Session C // Segregation, settlement patterns and the housing market Tenure forms and social development in Norwegian suburban areas Has it become more difficult for young households in rental housing to become homeowners? Strategic navigation in collaborative innovation planning processes: Analysing leadership emergence in the urban fringe The myth of the mietspiegel: Rent regulation in Germany Employing mobile media technologies as a participatory planning tool in the suburban housing estate Concrete suburbia: A socio-economic analysis of suburban housing estates in Finland Making choices or taking options: Change in the housing careers of Turkish work migrants and Somali refugees Workshop Session D // Sustainable homes and cities The potential for quantitative sociological research on residential energy consumption in Denmark The Autistic Suburbia of Madrid Sustainability in Danish Social Housing - The User Focus Reducing energy use in private homes: Initiatives, actors and experiences Sound settlements An interdisciplinary and transnational approach to sustainable housing Foreword The Nordic Urban and Housing Research Network (NSBB) was established in 1997 with the aim of hosting annual Nordic seminars on urban and housing research in the Nordic countries. The host in the 2013 conference was The Danish Building Research Institute, Aalborg University in cooperation with The Danish Centre of Housing Research. It was helt from September 17th to 19th in Roskilde, Denmark. The theme of the conference was Suburbs - transformation and development. The Scandinavian suburbs have existed for a while now, and there are currently numerous ongoing initiatives discussing the future development of suburbs. This happens in the recognition that suburbs represent a significant part of the overall townscape, combined with a new interest in suburban qualities. The conference aimed to discuss the ideas and ideals that form the basis of the current suburb development projects; projects which all intend to revitalize and develop the suburban everyday life. It seems that the interest in the suburbs has occurred after several decades where they have been subjects to harsh criticism. The suburbs have been associated with environmental and social problems, and their settlements have been called poor on experiences and alienating. Efforts are therefore done among both scientists and practitioners, to elucidate the suburban issues and to developing the strategies that may be the solution to solve the very same problems. Parallel to the keynotes in plenum three workshops was arranged. They were Architecture and everyday life Segregation, settlement patterns and the housing market Sustainable homes and cities It is the papers from these workshops that are published in this proceeding. The papers present the interdisciplinary character of housing research in the Nordic Countries. The papers have all been peer-reviewed, and thus we intend to continue and develop Nordic housing research on a high scientific level in the framework of Nordic Urban and Housing Research Network. Danish Building Research Institute, Aalborg University Town, housing and property November 2013 Hans Thor Andersen Research Director 4 Workshop Session B // Architecture and everyday life Programs put forward in architectural projects frame a space with certain function and meaning and thus seek to create places. But architecture and urban setting are constantly challenged through daily life and thus even rigid defined spaces are used, altered, translated and rewritten through time. As humans we actively relate to and manage our surroundings. Individuals as well as groups produce and reproduce places and occasions and thus renegotiate themselves and their lifescapes. This workshop session invites papers focusing on the interrelatedness between architectural space and social space. Session leaders: Kirstine Brøgger Jensen Patrick Martinussen Papers: Claus Bech-Danielsen Jonas E. Andersson Kirstine Brøgger Jensen Laura Helene Højring Marie Stender Ofri Earon Patrick Martinussen Tina Maria Roden Tom Nielsen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ultural heritage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�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eferences P1-##5,%&/(U8/(JKKL8(!#$%&#'($#()*%+$,-$'&./0#%$12$%-'$&3(4-(-03+$56*$!'*$'4.7)484-9+$:$'184-9$&#%$4-'$ 7778#5+$)0&;1#+$$+%8!08. _`6+$%,_`:.1$+!#)+0&,_R;J8:368(( V=0-&+&'(%)8(#$8(?%38E/(?BCJBE8(JI3%92-42$/13'-I%3+$ND$&# /&)4#23$/3&$H13'-I%3#'$6I#(-&#(+$VW1%&#=&X( a%#$3#&+#(0'(q#).-,)2-%$,%&8( H%(I0-1.,+%-(JKLB8(R&$W*&3-$ (I0&,)#)#)+0&,(3%(Fb(I0&'-c,8(( ^%!$%&10-'/(^8/(BCJJ8(A0#%-$1.$X 3234))#+$T*+!+F&/*&#%)4#2+(]3%&,%X(M233#&, (d&+=%-,+)%)8(( UO83+,,%-)#)+0&/(P#-.,X(P#-.,(M!00$(06(P-!+)%!).-%8(( ( $ 9 Submission within the track: Architecture and everyday life, revision /JEA Abstract Bonjour tristesse in Swedish suburbia - les banlieues sur la barricade! Jonas E Andersson, Ph D, architect SAR/ MSA, researcher! At the end of May 2013, Swedish suburbs became breaking news around the world with nocturnal newsflashes displaying burning car wrecks and aggressive, dark figures nearby les banlieues Suédoises étaient sur la barricade! During two intense weeks, the car burnings spread to other suburbs around the country. Global news media paralleled the Swedish situation with previous incidents in Paris in 2007, Athens in 2008 and London in Foreign offices, among others the American, British, Danish, and Norwegian ones, advised their citizens not to travel to Sweden: the Swedish welfare model was on the verge of imploding. National news media, along with the majority of Swedish citizens, residing both in the afflicted suburbs and elsewhere in the country, acclaimed the prime m order. The spark that ignited the incident of the turmoil was soon identified as a police action that had gone dramatically wrong, but living conditions in suburbia were brought forward in the public debate. The role of the suburbs as a transition zone for people with an immigrant background was re-discovered, characterised by a high dependency on public financial support, a poor level of education and a high unemployment rate. The young generation experienced a Bonjour Tristesse! existence going in and out of unemployment. An existing dismay with architecture and physical planning of suburbia surfaced: The plausible responsibility of the body of architects was debated, since many esteemed profiles of the Swedish functionalist architecture had been involved in its realisation. One representative of the profession stated the need for upgrading the existing architecture to new user needs, while another one emphasised that the real group of inhabitants in suburbia is often not the group of users envisioned by the municipal real estate companies. This scholarly essay unravels the events that took place in the Swedish suburbia during two violent weeks in May In addition, it analyses the Swedish approach to coming to terms with suburban problems, without resorting to a French presidential high-pressure water cleansing methods suggested for the Parisian situation in 2007 nettoyer au Kärcher. Key words: Swedish suburbs, architecture, functionalism, rationalism, welfare goals Introduction During two intensive weeks at the end of May 2013, Swedish suburbia was breaking news in worldwide media. Suburbia was on fire. News media in Denmark, Norway, the UK and the! Danish Building Research Institute, SBi (Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut, SBi), Aalborg University, AAU. AC. Meyers Vaenge 15, DK 2450 COPENHAGEN, DENMARK, affiliated with the School of Architecture, The Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden. 10 US reported that the Swedish welfare model was on the verge of imploding, perhaps with a touch of malice. Foreign citizens were advised not to travel to Sweden, and not to visit the suburbs that were the focus of these events. The incidents in the Swedish suburbs were paralleled with the ones in the Parisian suburbs, which burst into flames in 2005 and 2007: la société était assiégée et les banlieues étaient sur la barricade 2. In contrast to these dramatic overtones in foreign media, Swedish media assumed a cautious stance somewhere in between pure astonishment at the events taking place and a premonition of a latent crisis in suburbia, in particular, in the areas with a large proportion of inhabitants with an immigrant background. Regardless of political orientation, the national media supported the Swedish prime minister, who called for law and order while openly expressing his support for the police. Trying to look beyond the flaming car wrecks, a national discussion was initiated on the state of Swedish suburbia. The dependence on public financial support among people with immigrant background paired with a low level of education produced a high unemployment rate. As a consequence, the younger generation experienced a type of a Bonjour tristesse! situation. 3 This short scholarly essay unravels the logics of the events that took place in the Swedish suburbia during two violent weeks in May The main sources for making this story telling has been national news media, and similar ones of American, British, Danish, French or Norwegian origin. Given, the accuracy of French media to depict the causalities of the events, as well as the author being Francophile, headlines and titles are in French, taken from such sources and integrated in the text. Les banlieues et parias ou ghettos urbains? 4 The igniting cause of the first car burnings in the suburb of Husby outside Stockholm was
Search
Related Search
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks