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The environmental impact of energy embodied in construction

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An early paper estimating energy and carbon dioxide embodied in the range of materials used Australian buildings, with a particular emphasis on refurbishment and the recovery of wastes. For the Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the
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  N~S N .~ NA aJ4Jae u~ JaE Ue  0ue unM dp O0aUeO aepeun VS0oAUH 9OdopOSoSAO J N0OnpOnOPuo 4Ae JA nu J  Whileallduecareandattentionhasbeentakentoestablishtheaccuracyofthematerialpublished CSIROandtheauthorsdisclaimliabilityforanylosswhichmayarisefromanypersonactinginrelianceuponthecontentsofthisdocument  isclaimer TheauthorsalsothanktheresearchInstituteofInnovativeTechnologyfortheEarthfortheircontributiontothefundingofthisproject withoutwhichtheresearchwouldnothavebeenpossible  Theauthorswouldliketoexpresstheirappreciationoftimeandeffortcontributedtothisreportbytheparticipatingcompaniesandtheiremployees ParticularthanksgotoRiderHuntConstructionCostConsultantsandQuantitySurveyors MelbourneCityCouncilBuildingDepartment JohnF VainsandAssociatesandtheVictorianDemolitionContractorsAssociationfortheircooperationandenthusiasticsupport cknowledgments    ·UU~~~ O UBuUU' B ~AJuSO'U~S ~u 4p·~ ~ S 1 ~ D ~U~J U s J _ S·U~ U ~S_·~ W Bpu ~ ·OO~A u pUU~ m A q1 ·OU~'uUoA '~ u M01~~U ~ OJW:A~IP~ U ~ ~UpS p P~UU ~ ·s Z ~ ~e   SIRO Acomprehensivebibliographywasthus developedbutonlythosereferredto specificallyinthisreportarelistedinthelastsectiononreferences.•AustralianBibliographicNetwork  AB N •U.S.NationalTechnicalInformation Services NTIS , •InternationalConstructionDatabase  ICONDA , •UniversitiesofMelbourne,Monashand NewSouthWales Australia ,and •UniversityofCalifornia U.S. . Searchesfortitlesinthesubjectareasof embodiedenergy,energyanalysis,waste management,buildingandconstruction rubbleandwastes,materialrecycling, recyclingofbuildingsandbuilding materialswereconducted.Thedatabases searchedwere:  ibliographicsearches CO 2 wastheonlygreenhousegasincluded inthisstudybecauseitisthedominant greenhousegascausingconcernandits rateofincreasemaydoubleCO 2 intheatmosphere,duetohumanactivities,over thenext50years. actrvmes orcomponentsofabuilding,estimationofreusedorreprocessedmaterialsfromdemolitionsofbuildingsandassessmentofthetotalembodiedenergyandresultantCO 2 emissionsineachcomponent,buildingorconstructionactivity.Themethodofevaluationusedinthis reportrequiresdefinitionofthetermsused, theextractionofenergyperunitbuildingmaterialfromInput-Outputtables,quantificationoftherelevantbuilding •evaluatetheenergylossesandcarbondioxide emissions fromregional demolitionsofbuildings,including houses,andestimatethesavingsfrom recyclingpotential.•quantifythesavingsinenergyandcarbondioxideemissionsproducedby usingrecycledmaterialsandcomponentsinsteadofnew   adetailedcasestudy;and•identifythetypesofmaterialsand componentscurrentlyrecoveredinthedemolitionprocessanddeterminethe quantityofeachthroughstatisticsandsurveysofbothdemolitionandconstructioncontractors; •quantifytheembodiedenergyintensity andcarbondioxide emission coefficientsofmaterialsusedinbuildingandconstructionthroughuseofInput-Outputtablesandcomparisonswithpreviouslocaland internationalstudies;•quantifythematerialsusedinbuildingandconstructionthroughuseofstatisticsandsurveysof,and consultationswith,majorbuilding estimators;Thestudyhasfivemajorcomponents which: Proceduresandmethods METHO  ·R1aO.lRdA ~'OwSORq . W   S a aAJJJ·O a aMOIR1 ~a u·~iAMUMppa 'o yJaa a gRoa ' R J   'SRX '~aa = pJ1URa a m1olgU A ·;q S UO[·AAmM A   W psJUa ·  SuR (  slRRpu ' aa n lSA·a~OJ·gIO;~R syaqaAaP -ms p qSSAm m pgAw;
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