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the Hague

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  he Hague From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Den haag)  Hague and Den Haag redirect here. For other uses, see Hague (disambiguation) and  Den Haag (disambiguation).    The Hague Den Haag    ' s-Gravenhage    City and municipality    The Hague high-rises seen from the Plein, with statue of William the Silent   Flag   Coat of arms   Nickname(s): Residentiestad (Residential City), Hofstad (Court city) Motto: Vrede en Recht (Peace and Justice) Location in South Holland  Coordinates:  52°5′N   4°19′E Coordinates: 52°5′N   4°19′E   Country    Netherlands Province South Holland  Boroughs 8 Districts [show]  Government [1][2]   ã  Body Municipal council     ã  Mayor    Jozias van Aartsen (VVD)  ã  Aldermen List of aldermen [show]     Area [3][4]   ã  Municipality 98.12 km 2  (37.88 sq mi) ã  Land 81.88 km 2  (31.61 sq mi) ã  Water 16.24 km 2  (6.27 sq mi) ã  Randstad  3,043 km 2  (1,175 sq mi) Elevation [5]   1 m (3 ft) Population (Municipality, May 2014; Urban and Metro, May 2014; Randstad, 2011) [4][6][7]   ã  Municipality 510,909 ã  Density 6,240/km 2  (16,200/sq mi) ã  Urban  657,894 ã  Metro  1,054,793 ã  Randstad  6,979,500 Demonym   Hagenaar or Hagenees Time zone CET (UTC+1)  ã  Summer (DST)    CEST (UTC+2)  Postcode 2490  –  2599 Area code 070, 015 Website www.denhaag.nl The Hague  (/ð ə   ˈ h eɪɡ /; Dutch:  Den Haag    pronounced   [dɛnˈɦaːx]  ( listen)  or 's-Gravenhage   pronounced   [ˈsxraːvə(n)ˌɦaːɣə]  ( listen) ) is the seat of government in the Netherlands,  and the capital city of the province of  South Holland. With a population just over 500,000 inhabitants (as of 1 November 2012) and more than one million inhabitants including the suburbs, it is the third largest city of the Netherlands, after   Amsterdam and Rotterdam. The combined urban area of The Hague and Rotterdam, with a population of approximately 2.9 million, is the 206th largest urban area in the world and the most populous in the country. Located in the west of the Netherlands, The Hague is in the centre of the Haaglandenconurbation and lies at the southwest corner of the larger  Randstad conurbation. The Hague is the seat of the Dutch government and parliament, the Supreme Court, and the Council of State, but the city is not the capital of the Netherlands which constitutionallyis  Amsterdam. [8]  King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands plans to live at Huis ten Bosch and works at Noordeinde Palace in The Hague, together with Queen Máxima. Most foreign embassies in the Netherlands and 150 international organisations are located in the city, including the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court, which makes The Hague one of the major cities hosting the United Nations, along with New York, Brussels, Geneva, Bonn, Vienna, Tokyo and Nairobi.    Contents [hide]      1 History  o   1.1 Early history  o   1.2 Modern history     2 Geography  o   2.1 Climate  o   2.2 Cityscape     3 Demographics     4 Politics  o   4.1 City government  o   4.2 International politics  o   4.3 Twin towns and sister cities     5 Economy     6 Culture  o   6.1 Sports  o   6.2 Annual events     7 Transport  o   7.1 Air   o   7.2 Rail  o   7.3 Urban transport  o   7.4 Road     8 See also     9 References     10 Further reading     11 External links  History  [edit]   This section needs additional citations for verification . Please help improve this   article  by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged   and removed. (March 2014)   Early history [edit]   The Binnenhof  by the Hofvijver , 1625.    Street in The Hague  by Sybrand van Beest, c. 1650, Royal Castle inWarsaw.  The Hague srcinated around 1230, when Count Floris IV of  Holland purchased land alongside a pond, the present-dayHofvijver , in order to build a hunting residence. In 1248, his son and successor  William II, King of the Romans, decided to extend the residence to a palace, which would later be called the Binnenhof  ( Inner Court  ). He died in 1256 before this palace was completed but parts of it were finished by his son Floris V, of which the Ridderzaal ( Knights' Hall  ), still intact, is the most prominent. It is still used for political events, such as the annual speech from the throne by the Dutch monarch. From the 13th century onwards, the counts of Holland used The Hague as their administrative centre and residence when in Holland. The village that srcinated around the Binnenhof was first mentioned as Haga  in a charter from 1242. In the 15th century, the smarter des Graven hage  came into use, literally The Count's Wood , with connotations like The Count's Hedge, PrivateEnclosure or Hunting Grounds . Gravenhage was officially used for the city from the 17th century onwards. Today, this name is only used in some official documents like birth and marriage certificates. The city itself uses Den Haag in all its communication. [9]  When the Dukes of Burgundy gained control over the counties of Holland and Zeeland at the beginning of the 15th century, they appointed a stadtholder  to rule in their stead with the States of Holland as an advisory council. Their seat was located in The Hague.  At the beginning of the Eighty Years' War , the absence of city walls proved disastrous, as it allowed Spanish troops to easily occupy the town. In 1575, the States of Holland even considered demolishing the city but this proposal was abandoned, after mediation by William of Orange.  From 1588, The Hague also became the seat of the government of the Dutch Republic. In order for the administration to maintain control over city matters, The Hague never received official city status, although it did have many of the privileges normally granted only to cities.
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