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The Outsider

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The Outsider
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    THE OUTSIDERS AS REFLECTED IN THE NOVELS OF ALBERT CAMUS, JOHN WAIN AND YUSUF ATILGAN A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES OF MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY BY HAT İ CE BAY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH LITERATURE DECEMBER 2008   Approval of the Graduate School of Social Sciences  ______________________________ Prof. Dr. Sencer Ayata Director I certify that this thesis satisfies all the requirements as a thesis for the degree of Master of Arts.  ______________________________ Prof. Dr. Wolf König Head of Department This is to certify that we have read this thesis and that in our opinion it is fully adequate, in scope and quality, as a thesis for the degree of Master of Arts.  _____________________________ Prof. Dr. Ayten Coskunoglu Bear Supervisor Examining Committee Members Assist. Prof. Dr. Nil Korkut (BA Ş KENT, AKE) ______________________ Prof. Dr. Ayten Coskunoglu Bear (METU, ELIT) ______________________ Dr. Deniz Arslan (METU, ELIT) ______________________  iii I hereby declare that all information in this document has been obtained and presented in accordance with academic rules and ethical conduct. I also declare that, as required by these rules and conduct, I have fully cited and referenced all material and results that are not srcinal to this work.  Name, Last name : Hatice Bay Signature :  iv ABSTRACT THE OUTSIDERS AS REFLECTED IN THE NOVELS OF ALBERT CAMUS, JOHN WAIN AND YUSUF ATILGAN Bay, Hatice M. A., Department of English Literature Supervisor, Prof. Dr. Ayten Co ş kuno ğ lu Bear December 2008, 75 pages This thesis studies the alienated characters of Albert Camus’s The Outsider  , John Wain’s  Hurry On Down and Yusuf At ı lgan’s  Aylak Adam , respectively. It argues that each of the protagonists of these novels experiences alienation. That is, Camus’s character is an alienated man because he has the characteristics of an absurd man; Wain’s character is an estranged man due to his social discontentment and At ı lgan’s C. is an outsider owing to his psychological problems. The works are analyzed with  philosophical, social and psychological foundations consisting of Camus’s absurd worldview for Meursault; the social and cultural aspects of Britain in the 1950s for Charles Lumley and Sigmund Freud’s psychological theories for C. Although the reasons that make these protagonists alienated differ, they mainly share similar attitudes towards their fellowmen, social conventions and metaphysical issues in some cases. Thus, through the analyses of the protagonists, the study discloses how these outsiders occupied a major place in the existential, social and psychological spheres of life in the twentieth century and became a universal source for the writers who came from different cultural, intellectual and historical backgrounds. This thesis has been written in order to contribute to the problem of outsiderness, which has been of great significance in the twentieth century European Literature. Keywords: Alienation, the Absurd, outsider, individual

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Jul 23, 2017
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