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The profile of the awareness of the moderate brain trauma patients with the alcohol intoxication and without alcohol intoxication who are experienced traffic accident by riding motorbike, in the ER of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital period

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The profile of the awareness of the moderate brain trauma patients with the alcohol intoxication and without alcohol intoxication who are experienced traffic accident by riding motorbike, in the ER of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital period
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  ABSTRACT The profile of the awareness of the moderate brain trauma patients with the alcohol intoxication and without alcohol intoxication who are experienced traffic accident by riding motorbike, in the ER of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital period September-November 2011 Backgrounds: Alcohol consumes while driving became national problem in Indonesia that effect tragically and every year there are a lot of problem because of alcohol intoxication while driving. The majority (70.0%) of victims of traffic accidents are motorcyclists which are in the productive age (15-55 years), and low income. Head injuries (33.2%) ranked first in the order of the injury suffered by the victims of the traffic accidents (Riyadina et al, 2009) There are a lot of research stated that alcohol make blood vessel to be dilated and make severe  bleeding in brain trauma cases and also a decreasing the cerebral perfusion and respiratory depression. Alcohol also alters the function of membrane receptors and neurons. Changes in the biomolecular level lead the degree of brain trauma  become severe. (Cunningham et al, 2001) Objective: The main objective of this research is to compare the patients with moderate brain trauma with alcohol intoxication and patients with moderate brain trauma too without alcohol intoxication. Method: Design of this research is cross sectional with descriptive observational study to all moderate brain trauma patients. Researcher conducted observations of secondary data from the medical records of the patients with moderate brain trauma where they were treated in the ER of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya in the period 1 September to November 2011. Result: Research found 4 patients (23.53%) with alcohol intoxication and 13  patients (76.47%) without alcohol intoxication and analyzed them and provided the data into table and paragraph essay. And according to the statistical analysis of the correlation test One-Sample Kolmogorov-Sminov Test obtained well distributed data and earned the point of significance is (p) 0.815. Conclusion: Because the point of significance is more than (p)0.05 so we can conclude that the result of this research is; there’s no difference of the profile  between patients moderate brain trauma with alcohol intoxication and patients without alcohol intoxication because a lot of factors that influenced the profile of the consciousness of the patients. This happened because the history of the accident of moderate brain trauma patients differ from one to another, which are the intoxicated one not experiencing the great bump on the head while the others experiencing the great bump, and vice versa. Then in terms of the statistic, obtained only 17 patients, which are the samples of this study is not much and the number of the patients who are intoxicated and non-intoxicated are differed very much thus affecting the results of statistical analysis   Keywords: Alcohol intoxication, moderate brain trauma, motor vehicle accident, brain trauma, alcoholism.
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