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The Protestant Reformation

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The Protestant Reformation Chapter 1 Section 3 The Protestant Reformation Renaissance in Northern Europe = sparked religious upheaval = shattered Christian unity. Background To The Reformation Most Europeans = uncertainty  poor + violent lives. Wealth was distributed unequally = society moved from medieval to market based economy. Humanist Ideas = spread by printing press  return to classical education + social reform = took root! People used humanist ideas to
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  The Protestant Reformation Chapter 1 Section 3 The Protestant Reformation Renaissance in Northern Europe   = sparked religious upheaval  = shattered Christian unity.   Background To The Reformation  Most Europeans = uncertainty     poor + violent lives. Wealth was distributed unequally  = society moved from medieval to market based economy. Humanist Ideas  = spread by printing press   return to classical education + social reform = took root! People used humanist ideas to question the Church = the central force in their lives. Protestant Reformation Religious movement in 1500s that split Christian church in Western Europe and led to the establishment of a number of new churches. Church Abuses: Church  = from Middle Ages    increasingly involved in worldly affairs . Popes competed with Princes = Power  . Fought = wars to protect Papal States from secular invasions + monarchs attempting to seize control of church within their lands . Popes  = led lavish lives     supported arts + hired artists to beautify churches.  Church increased fees for services  = marriages + baptisms. Clergy sold indulgences. Pope Leo X  = needed $ to construct St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome   approved the sale of indulgences . Indulgences pardons issued by the pope that people could buy to reduce a soul’s time in purgatory.   Purgatory  = place where souls too impure to enter heaven waited for sins committed during one’s lifetime.  For almost 1000 years Catholics believed after death = people went to  purgatory     souls work off sins committed in life. Sale of Indulgences   = one of Church’s most criticized practices. Middle Ages = Indulgences   only granted for good deeds. Renaissance = indulgences could be bought with money. Erasmus + humanists   urged return to simple ways + stressed Bible study + rejected worldliness of church. Early Revolts Against

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Jul 23, 2017
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