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The Romantics

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Review of the BBC series ,,The Romantics
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    SEMI-RESEARCH PAPER: ENGLISH LITERATURE Theme: “The Romantics”    2 Content: Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………… ..3 Main part: 1. Basic characteristics of ‗The Romantics‘………………………………………… .. …4  2. The ‗Romantics‘ series………………………………………………………… ............5 2.1. Liberty……………………………………………………………………………… .. … 5 2.2. Nature..................................................................................................................7 2.3. Eternity ……………………………………………………………………………… ....9 Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………………..11  References ………………………………………………………………………………..1 3  3 Introduction Today the word ‗romantic‘ evokes images of love and sentimentality, but the term ‗Romanticism‘ has a much wider meaning. It covers a range of developments in art, literature, music and philosophy, spanning the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The „Romantics‟  would not have used the term themselves: the label was applied retrospectively, from around the middle of the 19th century. 1   Each of the program‘s three parts examines one key aspect of the Romanticism movement. Liberty    looks at how Rousseau and his contemporaries, including Denis Diderot, William Blake, William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, challenged the authority of Church and King to rein in a new era of self-empowerment. Eternity   explores the search for meaning in a world without God, following the revolutions of the 18th century, which forced people to make sense of their new reality outside the sanctions of the Church. Nature   examines how The Industrial Revolution tried to subvert and dominate nature on the path to profit, and how Romantic artists attempted to counter this tension by recasting nature in a context of relevance, approachability and understanding. In this BBC documentary Peter Ackroyd, writer, historian and presenter, reveals how the radical ideas of liberty that inspired the French Revolution opened up a world of possibility for great British writers such as William Blake, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth, inspiring some of the greatest works of literature in the English language. Their ideas are the foundations of our modern notions of freedom and their words are performed by David Tennant, Dudley Sutton and David Threlfall. 1   Dr Stephanie Forward. Romanticism.  4 1. Basic characteristics of „The Romantics‟  The Romantics  considered that free expression of the feelings of the artist was of the first importance. This idea is summed up by the remark of the German painter Caspar David Friedrich that the artist's feeling is his law . To William Wordsworth poetry should be the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings . In order to truly express these feelings, the content of the art must come from the imagination of the artist, with as little interference as possible from artificial rules dictating what a work should consist of. So, srcinality was absolutely essential. The concept of the genius, or artist who was able to produce his own srcinal work through this process of creation from nothingness , is key to Romanticism. In addition, romanticism placed special emphasis on the aesthetic experience and in particular, focused on such sensations like awe, trepidation, horror, and terror. This meant a revival of Gothic literature with its exotic settings, monsters, ghosts and supernat ural storylines, the most famous of which are Mary Shelley‘s Frankenstein and later, Bram Stoker‘s Dracula. Also, in the Romantic Movement folk art became something to be respected and ancient customs became noble and desirable. It was an expression of wanting to return to a more natural time. The Romantic Movement saw strong emotion as an authentic source of aesthetic experience, placing emphasis on such emotions as fear, horror and terror, and awe — especially related to untamed nature and its picturesque qualities. It elevated folk art and ancient custom to something noble and made spontaneity a positive characteristic. Romanticism rejected the rational and Classicist ideal models and looked further back in history to the Middle Ages and it looked to elements of art and narrative considered to be authentically medieval in an attempt to escape the confines of population growth, urban expanse and industrialism. It also included the exotic, unfamiliar, and distant, emphasizing the power of the imagination to create visions and to escape common reality. Finally, Romanticism also had a strong belief and interest in the importance of nature, particularly in the effect of nature upon the artist when he is surrounded
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