Thematic Relation Bagikan

Thematic Relation
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  The matic Relation, the “Truth” of S entence A.   Thematic Relation Verbs are subcategorized for zero, one, or two “object,” and that these objects have a “logical relation” to the verb.  The semantic relationships that we have called theme, agent  , and location   are among the thematic relations or ө -roles of the verb. Other thematic relations are  goal  , (where the action is directed),  source (where the action srcinated), and instrument   (an object used to accomplish the action). e.g. The boy carried the red brick from the wall to the wagon. Agent Theme Source Goal The boy broke a window with the red brick. Agent Theme Instrument B.   The truth of sentence Part of the meaning of a sentence is certainly knowledge of its “truth conditions.” Those truth conditions would contain much of the information about meaning discussed in the previous section. In the world as we know it, the sentence The birds are flying. Is true, and the sentence The cats are flying. Is false.    Analytic Sentences Something that true refers to the definition. For example, a  bachelor is unmarried man; mother is a married woman who has children. We might say that analytic sentence is “true by definition”. Analytic sentences are sometimes referred to as linguistic truths, because they are true by the virtue of the language itself.    Synthetic sentences Sentences that may be true or false depending upon how the world is are called synthetic. For example, the sentence The  paint of Wayan’s house is green is a synthetic sen tence. We can not judge its truth or falsity by inspecting the words in the sentence. Rather, we must verify the truth or falsity of this sentence empirically, for example, by checking the Wayan’s house. The example that we have considered so far seem fairly straight forward. Analytic and contradictory sentence are true and false respectively, by definition.     Entailment One sentence entails another. A sentence (meaning) A entails B if whenever A is true, then B must also be true. For examples: 1.   Mary broke the window - The window broke. 2.   Sue and Fred went to the party - Sue went to the  party. Figure 1 . Representation of entailment Sentence (a) T F ENTAILS T F Sentence (b)    Presupposition One sentence presupposes another if the falsity of the second renders the first without a truth value. A sentence without a true value is one that cannot be judged true or false. For example: A speaker of any of the sentence below would  be presupposing that there is a king of France. a.   The king of France is bald.  b.   The king of France is not bald. c.   Is the king of France bald? d.   The king of France might be bald/ possibly the king of France is bald. e.   If the king of France is bald, he should wear a hat in the winter References: Austin, J. L. 1962.  How to Do Things With Words . Cambridge. Harvard University press. Brown Gillian & George Yule. 1983.  Discourse  Analysis . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press., October 17 th , 2010 Mariani, Nanik & Muin, Fatchul. 2007.  An introduction to Linguistics (Teaching and Learning Material) . PBS FKIP Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.
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