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  REVIEW MATERIALS FOR LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERSHOME ECONOMICS AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION A.CONCEPTS ON FAMILY ã A group of persons united by ties of marriage, blood or adoption ; constituting a single household ; interacting andcommunicating with each other in their respective social roles of their husband and wife, mother and father, sonand daughter, brother and sister ; and creating and maintaining common culture. (Burgees and Locke, 1! in#edina, 11$ 1%&. ã According to Lamana and 'eidmant (1)*;1&, the following could be considered a family$ cohobiting couples,single+ parent household or childless union ã As a social group is universal and is a significant elements in mans social life ã A basic unit of the society ã -he first social group to which the individual is eposed ã A very close and intimate group (relationship& ã /ts influence on personality is significant and pervasive ã /t affect the individuals social values, disposition and outlook in life ã A source of individuals ideals, aspirations, and basic motivation ã 0erves a link between individual and society ã rovide continuity of social life, ma2or transmission of culture ã 3ilipino family is typically monogamous Household refers to a group of persons living together under one roof and sharing the same kitchen and housekeepingarrangements. B. CLASSIFICATION OF FAMILYA.Meme!sh #  1.4uclear family (#urdock, 1 in #edina, 11&5 consists typically of a married man and women with their offspring5 primary unit of all types of families5 basic building block in family structure5 classified as$family of orientation ( individual, parents, his siblings&, immediate familyfamily of procreation (individual, spouse, his children&, created family 5 combined to form a larger familial groupings called compound or composite families.5 a combined nuclear family as a result of plural marriages is polygamous family. %. 6tended 3amily5 consists of nuclear family and other members of the kins5 family of orientation is merged with family of pro creation5 it recogni7es the kin relations beyond that of husband, wife and unmarried children5 it shares with the responsibilities5 it maintains an epressive and emotional relations beyond the nuclear family 5 characteri7ed by strong sense of solidarity B.Rel$% o&sh #  1.8on2ugal family5 based on marital bond5 seual attraction5 consists of the spouse and their offspring %. 8onsanguineal family5 based on blood ties5 aseual association5 usually large and etended5 influenced by a strong blood relationship5 relationship is characteri7ed by feeling of love, loyalty, closeness and respect. C.A'' l $% o&  1. atrilineal5 at birth an individual is affiliated with group related to the father 5 9apanese, 8hinese, :oreans, 0ri Lankans and akistanis%. #atrilineal5 at birth the individual is affiliated with groups related with the mother 5 found to be less freuent than pratrilincal  5 #inang kabau of 0umatra and 4egri 0embilan of #alaysia<. Bilateral or bilineal5 the individual is associate with both paternal and maternal group of kinsmen5 no distinction between the paternal and maternal groups (grandfather+ lolo, grandmother+ lola, cousins+ pinsan&5 bilateralism is evidence by eually close ties maintained by bith sides of kinsmen ( free to visit or consult, given eual importance&5 8lose interaction ( mutual help and support is epacted of all relatives&. D.N$m &( S)s%em 1. atronymic5 -he family is identified with the husband+ fathers kin by its surname5 0panish influenced%. #atronomyc5 -he family is identified with the wife+ mothers surname E.Pl$*e o' Res de&*e 1. atrilocal 5 the couple after marriage is epected to live in the same house or close to that of the grooms family%. #atrilocal5 cultural preference and tradition is for the couple to live with or close with the parental home of the bride. #atri+ patrilocal = couple initially stays with wifes family for a period of time, ten transferred to husbands family dwelling. Avunculocal = the couple live with or near the residence of the maternal uncle of the groom.<. Bilocal 5 options to live either with the brides or grooms family. 4eolocal5 reside independently and far away from parents domicile F.Au%ho! %) P$%%e!& 1.atriarchal5 the husband+ father control over the rest of the member %.#atriarchal 5 the wife+ mother has the authority and power over the husband+ father and other members of the family<. 6uilitarian5 the authority is eually divided between the husband and wife.5 the husband is formally recogni7ed as the head5 the wife is considered the treasurer of the household and manager of domestic affairs C. F$*%o!s %o Co&s de! & Choos &( $ Res de&*e+. referred to reside at girls parents until the birth of the first child. -he family will provide moral support and physical care to the girl as she goes through pregnancy and delivery. ,. lace of employment -. Availability of land for farming . Business prospects /. 'elative wealth 0. 0tatus of the two families D. T)#es o' Solo1#$!e&% F$m l es 1.>idow?widower and his?her child?children. 8aused by the death of one spouse where surviving spouse does notremarry.%.0ingle man or woman and his?her adopted child?children. -he value of children is recogni7ed and accepted in thehilippine society. -hus, adoption is not uncommon even among single or unmarried individuals.<.0eparated parent and his?her child?children. -his is caused by marital separation for various reasons$ divorce,legal separation, abandonment, estrangement or temporary ebsence of one person ( overseas employment&..@nwed woman and her child?children. >oman does not marry even after she conceives.*.#istress and her child?children. -his is the second family of a married man. t-his happens with another womanand maintains the family thus formed. E. FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY 1./t acts as links between an individual and the larger social structures%./t influences in the functioning and organi7ation of the other social institutions.<.-he family fulfills both the needs of its members and the reuirements essential for the eistence of the society..-he family is important for biological and psychological maintenance and protection. %  *./t provides its members not only for food, shelter, clothing and other basic necessities but also love, affection andemotional security.!.-he family is vital for its perpetuation and continuity../t contributes to societal maintenance through reproduction function.).-rains individuals for occupational pursuits to become functioning adults in the community../t keeps society members physically and psychologically fit to participate actively in its affairs.1 ./t transmits societys culture through the process of sociali7ation, developing sentiments in the individual, andinculcating in him values necessary for societal functioning. F. Ch$!$*%e! s% * o' $ H$##) F$m l) A family usually consists of the father, mother, and one or more children. 6veryone wants to have a happy and a peaceful family. -he familys basic needs are shelter, food and clothing, all of which are provided initially by the parents./n return, the other members of the family can do something to contribute towards having a family life. At early age, youcan already help in keeping the house and yard clean, preparing and serving family, and caring for your younger brother and sister. 2. Wh$% m$3es $ '$m l) #e$*e'ul4 h$##) $&d h$!mo& ous5 /n a peaceful, happy and harmonious family, there is love and appreciation. ood relationships among familymembers result when there is love among them and when each family member appreciates the others. Cne feel secure andhappy when he or she knows he or she is loved. -here are many ways of showing love to one another.arents can show their love for their children by providing for their basic needs. -hey should always be ready tolisten to their children and help them with their problems. -hey should also recogni7e and praise their children for good behavior.Cn the other hand, children can show their love for their parents by helping willingly in the different householdchores. -hey can also try to be obedient and to take good care of the things provided by their parents, to show their loveand appreciation.'emembering members of the family on special occasion is also a sign of love. >hen all members of the familyshow this love for one another, this results in familys happiness and peace.-here should also have respect and consideration for one anther. 3ollowing their pieces of advice, asking permission when going somewhere, and using such words as opo and  po can show respects for the elders. :issing thehands of parents before leaving and upn returning home is also a sign of respect.8onsideration for each other is shown by keeping uiet when the members of the family are resting, sleeping, or doing work that reuires concentration, helping in the house keeping activities, taking care of younger brother or sisters,and even giving a way for the use of the bathroom or toilet for those members of the family who have leave for some place early in the morning.Both the young and old members of the family deserved to be respected./t is very satisfying to belong to a family where every member of the family cooperates. #embers of the familyshould work willingly together and each members must do his or her work to the best of his or her abilities.-he members of a family must understand each other in order to have peace and harmony. 6ven as familymembers differ from one another in traits and habits, they should try to understand why a member behaves as he or shedoes make allowances for misbehavior. 6ach family member must also be patient and accommodating with members of the family who easily get angry. 6very member should also try to help other family members to overcome their weaknesses.6very family sets up rules and regulations and family members should obey these to ensure peace and harmonyin the home. 3amily members should perform their assigned tasks willingly and on time. /n this way, household activitiesgo on smoothly without need for day to day nagging.D#embers of the family who cannot perform their duties for some reason should ask another member to their tasks. H. Des !$le T!$ %s %h$% 6 ll P!omo%e S$% s') &( F$m l) Rel$% o&s. Eappiness in the family depends to a large etent, on how family members treat each other. -o be able to getalong well each other, family members should have ualities that will promote satisfying family relations. -he followingare some of these ualities$1. Hel#'ul&ess 7 each members of the family should be willing and ready to help other members.%. Co&s de!$%e 7   learn to respect the rights and feelings of members of the family.<. Cou!%es) 7   always speak in a modulated voice. 'efrain from using gross or ebscene words in communicatingwith family members and anyone, for that matter.. Lo)$l%) 7   keep family secrets to yourself. Avoid critici7ing members of the faily in the presence of hearing of others.*. Oed e&*e 7   follow family rules and regulations!. Chee!'ul&ess 7   cultivate your sense of humor. Avoid starting the day with sour face. Bring laughter to the family.. E'' * e&*) 7   erform whatever you to do as well as you can without wasting time, energy, and resources. <  ). Pu&*%u$l %) 7   always be on time in whatever you do. /f you are assigned certain duties or responsibilities, be prompt in doing them. Avoid being late for an appointment with someone. I. V$lues  Falues are benefits or ideals that an individual possesses. Falues are what people think are right, good or best./t may be an intrinsic part of your culture. -hey are the things that are important to us, those we cherish and strive for.Falues are opinions of what is good which direct the behavior of an individual and give meaning to life. -hesevalues are usually the basis for the selection of the goals for an individual, family and the community. /f a person knowswhat values his family holds high, it would be easier for him to choose from among the alternatives he has to make. 3or instance, if a girls.3amilies should have their own set of values, which all members approve of and are fitted for all them. Ge>ittE. arker listed the basically motivating values of human behavior as a comfort, health, ambition, love, desire for knowledge, play art and religion. 8. A%% %udes Attitudes are composite of feelings, notions and convictions that spring from heredity, environment, eperienceand preset purpose. -hese are the reactions of a person, favorable, to a given situation. Gifferent attitudes may be shown atdifferent directive force on what feelings and actions suited for each ob2ect. 4egative attitudes for work hinder progresswhile positive attitudes enhance progress in achieving personal and family goals. 9. Des !$le Pe!so&$l V$luesTh! '% 7 forms the habit of spending money within the budget ( personal?family&+ractices conservation of time, money, and energy. F!u($l %) 7  puts up flower pot garden and?or backyard garden of common vegetables of common for everydaymeals.+'ecycle old usable garments and other usable materials in the home and school. I&dus%!) 7 does household chores even if the family can afford paid helpers.+>orks on part+time basis to earn additional money for self and family.+0ew his?her own housedress, under garment, etc.+Goes catering service, assists in catering services in school. I& % $% :e 7 works in the   home, school, and community without being asked. Resou!*e'ul&ess 7 uses indigenous materials available in the community in the absence?lack of supplies. Ho&es%) 7 handles money, goods or euipment honestly in canteen, home economics building, classroom, etc. Cou!%es) 7 greets and entertains house guests in the home?higher school personnel in school, etc. Cle$&l &ess $&d O!de!l) 7  practices health habits everyday+helps the family maintain orderliness and cleanliness in the home+making own bed+washing dishes, etc. P$% e&*e $&d Pe!se:e!$&*e 7 cooperates with parents in the 2udicious use of time, energy and money. Hel'ul&ess4 Lo:e4 $&d !es#e*% 'o! P$!e&%s $&d Olde! Pe!so&s 7 Assist each other duties in the home and in thecommunity when needed.+show respect for elders in thought, action and works.+ractices filial devotion to parents and elders. 9. 2o$ls oals are the things that persons or families are willing to work for. -hey are things, ob2ects, and purposes.#ost goals are based on desires, philosophies, attitudes and values. #any goals are made with the belief that attainingthem will bring a good life.0etting up goals is a process that does not end. oals are always changing. 0ome goals are attained and other goals are made in place of them. 0ome are not carried out because of the ecessive effort its necessities to be achieved.Accidents, death, illness, unemployment are also things that bring changes in family life. Any of these maymean changes in family goals because the family will have less money, and varios changes will be necessary due to theseemergencies. T)#es o' (o$ls -here are two types of goals. -he long-term goals and the  short-term goals. oals that are permanent are thelong+term goal. -hey are sought for as long time. -hese are goals that are really meaningful to the family. -hese goalshave a bearing on the short+ term goals. -hese involves choices or decisions on which action to take in order to reach thelong+ term goals. Long = term goals maybe in the form of educating the children or building a house. 0hort+term goalsmay be finishing first+year college or building the fence of the house. -hese goals are usually interrelated and become a part of the routine of the daily life of the person. -hey are an important part in the life of a person because the motivate 
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