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  Toys are objects that serve as playthings for children. Although the exact srcin of the word isunknown, it is believed to date to the 14th century, with its modern usage emerging in the 1th century. Toys  is a broad category that can encompass  games, pu!!les, balls and other sports e uipment, dolls and action figures, play sets, creative and artistic materials, collectibles, miniatures of all kinds, and a wide variety of other items.#ost toys are specifically manufactured or crafted, but found or homemade objects are also often used by children in play. Ancient cultures, such as the $reeks and %gyptians, fashioned the earliest toys from rocks, sticks, wood, animal hide, and clay. %ven with the wide variety of elaborate, high&tech toys available today, a child may have just as much fun using his or her imagination to play with a cardboard box or a stray piece of plastic.The inherent purpose of any toy has always been to entertain or occupy a child. 'ut toys are also fre uently used in other ways, such as educating children or teaching them about important rituals. (o matter their purpose, toys are an important influence on the emotional, mental, and physical development of children. )hile children mature at different rates and some toys can be fun at any age, many playthingsare tailored to different age levels. *hild development experts have conducted studies aimed at determining the right type of toy for a child at each stage of development. +elevant factors may include the color of a toy, sounds or movement, features, level of complexity, and abilityto stimulate creativity or role&playing. n addition to age&specific targets, toy manufacturers must consider child safety issues. A toy designed for -&year&olds has very different safety re uirements than one  made for 1-&year&olds. or example, toys with small pieces pose a choking hazard  for small children. This is one of the primary reasons that toy makers label their products with specific age recommendations. The /nited 0tates *onsumer roduct 0afety *ommission is a federal agency that works with all types of manufacturers, including toy companies, to determine safety guidelines and recall potentially dangerous items. 0afety restrictions aside, there is little governing the age at which a child may enjoy a toy. 0ome children will play with toys designed for a much older age. 2ess often will a child play with a toy he or she feels is too 3young for them. (Extracted from Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation 1. According to the passage, the word 3toy with its meaning being used today is supposedA. to be impossible to know'. to be from the 14 th  century*. to be from the 1 th  century5. to be mainly used to indicate games and pu!!les-. the word !encompass  is closest in meaning toA. include'. exclude*. manipulate5. integrate6. t can be inferred from paragraph - thatA. high&tech toys are more attractive than early&fashioned toys due to its elaboration.'. the %gyptians mainly used clay to design toys.*. a normal pair of chopstick can be as enjoyable as a modern automated toy car.5. modern toys restrict children7s imagination and creativity.4. According to the passage, the intrinsic aim of toys is  A. educating children'. teaching important rituals*. influencing children7s feelings and emotions5. amusing children8. The purpose of studies carried out by child development pundits isA. to find out what constitutes a sort of toy suitable for each stage of development.'. to determine how many toys in the marketplace are considered appropriate for each stage of development.*. to prove the importance of toys in the development of a child.5. to evaluate the extent to which the level of complexity of a toy can affect a child7s development.. )hich of the following is (9T listed as an element that makes a right type of toy at each stage of development:A. level of complexity'. color *. durability5. ability to encourage creativity;. The word !one in paragraph 8 refers toA. a child'. a toy*. safety re uirement5. toy manufacturer <. The word !hazard  in paragraph 8 is closest in meaning toA. merit'. advantage*. opportunity5. peril=. Toy makers label their products with specific age recommendationsA. for fear that children may be harmed if they play toys unsuitable to their age.'. mainly for toys with small pieces*. ranging from - to 1- years of age5. to know the age group that buys their products the most1>. )hich of these statements is true according to paragraph :A. *hildren may enjoy a toy regardless of whether it is seemingly 3younger or 3older than them.'. The /.0. $overnment has not yet passed any law on the age at which children enjoy toys.*. 0afe restrictions aren7t properly taken into consideration.5. *hildren love old toys as much as their new ones.
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