Ukentheblues - Paul Hemmings

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  Uke ! n  The Blues by Paul HemmingsSince its inception in the early 20th Century, the Blues has influenced every style of American music that has followed since. Jazz, rock, country, Broadway show tunes -- each of these peculiarly American styles of music can trace part of their srcins back to the Blues. This workshop will provide you with a basic understanding of the Blues, which is essential for playing jazz, swing, rock, and just about any other genre of American music. We ! ll cover swing rhythm, the Dominant 7th chord, the 12-bar blues chord progression, and the Blues scale. Then we ! ll finish up by putting all of this knowledge to work in our own ukulele Blues band. Swing Rhythm Instead of spacing notes (or strums) evenly, as is most often the case in Western classical music, “swing” is a rhythmic feeling where the notes that fall in between the beats are slightly delayed. This creates a push and pull between notes that fall on the beat and those that fall on the offbeats, providing a lilt that is instantly recognizable and makes people want to move! We ! ll use the six strumming patterns below to illustrate the difference between “straight” and “swing” eighth notes:   1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 12   1 – 3 4 – 6 7 – 9 10 – 12 1 – 3 4 – 6 7 – 9 10 – 12 34   1 – 3 4 – 6 7 – 9 10 – 12 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 56  4 2 2 2 24   Swing 8ths     J   J   J   J   J   J   J   J    The Dominant 7th Chord One of the idiomatic devices heard in a lot of Blues music is the use of the Dominant 7th chord. Unlike more basic chords such as triads and their variations, a Dominant 7th chord has four different notes, providing a rich and somewhat more complex sound. Here are all of the possible ways to play the three Dominant 7th chords that we ! ll use in the Blues on the following page: Uke ‘n’ The Blues (P. 2)  The 12-Bar Form There are many different forms and variations of Blues. The most common is the iconic 12-Bar Blues chord progression, and while there are even many different forms of 12-Bar Blues, the song below illustrates its most simple form:(Note that the coda written in is not a part of the actual 12-Bar Blues form. It ! s just a traditional way to end a Blues.) Uke ‘n’ The Blues (P. 3) °¢™  F F †™ G F G G F G F G F Uke 'n' The Blues fi To Coda (on cue) fi Coda   0 00 0 1 1 2 2 302120001  The Blues Scale A scale is a sequence of notes played in a specific order. The Blues scale is based on a Pentatonic, or five-note, scale, but adds an additional note -- the “blue note”. Although there are different fingerings for how to play the Blues Scale at different parts of the fretboard, we ! ll focus on the following pattern for a C Blues Scale:Although it has many applications, the Blues Scale sounds great when used to solo over the 12-bar chord progression. (Just be sure to use the Blues Scale that corresponds to the key of the song you ! re playing!) It ! s great for beginning improvisers to get their feet wet because there aren ! t really any “avoid” notes and just about every note in it sounds good throughout the entire progression. Uke ‘n’ The Blues (P. 4) = Root note= Blue note 3rd fret -
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