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  EDUCATION AND TRAINING: GENERAL FRAMEWORK >LIFELONG LEARNING > Modernising universities The Commission proposes stronger action at European level to implement the necessary reforms in universities and research. The communication describes the many challenges facing universities and proposes essential reforms concerning, for example, mobility, recognition of qualifications, autonomy, skills, funding, excellence and partnership with business.CT Communication of ! May # $ from the Commission to the Council and the European %arliament & 'elivering on the modernisation agenda for universities( education, research and innovation )C*M+# $ # - final & ot published in the *fficial /ournal0 12MM34 The challenges facing European universities With 4 000 establishments ! e# $% milli!n st&'ents an' s!me $() milli!n sta** + !* ,h!m 4-) 000 a#e #esea#.he#s + E&#!/ean &ni e#sities ha e en!#m!&s /!tential(Membe# tates1 'esi#e *!# &ni*!#mit2 has le' t! a 3ene#all2 3!!' a e#a3e le el b&t has als! .!nt#ib&te' t!,a#'s *#a3mentin3 the e'&.ati!n se.t!# int! small nati!nal s2stems( This .!m/li.ates .!!/e#ati!n at nati!nal le el an' e en m!#e s! at E&#!/ean !# inte#nati!nal le el an' im/!ses .!n'iti!ns ,hi.h /#e ent &ni e#sities *#!m 'i e#si*2in3 an' *!.&sin3 !n &alit2(M!st &ni e#sities als! ten' t! !**e# simila# .!&#ses t! simila#l2 hi3hl2+&ali*ie' 2!&n3 st&'entsalth!&3h the2 .!&l' !/en &/ t! !the# t2/es !* lea#nin3 an' lea#ne#s th#!&3h n!n+'e3#ee #et#ainin3 .!&#ses *!# a'&lts !# t#ansiti!nal .!&#ses *!# th!se ,h! ha e n!t *!ll!,e' the stan'a#' e'&.ati!nal #!&te(M!#e! e# man2 a'minist#ati e #e3&lati!ns ham/e# a.a'emi. m!bilit2 *!# st&'2in3 #esea#.h t#ainin3 !# ,!#5in3 in an!the# .!&nt#2( 6#!.e'&#es *!#  #e.!3nisin3 &ali*i.ati!ns a#e e#2 len3th2 an' the limite' t#ans*e#abilit2 !* l!ans !# 3#ants an' /ensi!n #i3hts /#e ent st&'ents #esea#.he#s an' a.a'emi.s *#!m ta5in3 *&ll a' anta3e !* !//!#t&nities in !the# Membe# tates(Man2 &ni e#sities still &n'e#estimate the bene*its !* sha#in3 5n!,le'3e ,ith b&siness .i#.les ,hile in'&st#2 an' .!mme#.e ha e n!t 'e el!/e' s&**i.ient abs!#/ti!n .a/a.it2 t! ha#ness the /!tential !* &ni e#sit2+base' #esea#.h(The st#&.t&#al an' .&lt&#al /#!blems a#e e7a.e#bate' b2 the ma8!# la.5 !* *&n'in3 ,hi.h a**e.ts &ni e#sities !n b!th the e'&.ati!n an' #esea#.h si'es( C!m/a#e' ,ith thei# Unite' tates .!&nte#/a#ts E&#!/ean &ni e#sities e7hibit a 3a/ in #es!&#.es *!# b!th #esea#.h an' e'&.ati!n a.ti ities !* $0 000 /e# st&'ent /e# 2ea#( E&#!/ean &ni e#sities a#e la33in3 behin' in the in.#easin3 inte#nati!nal .!m/etiti!n t! att#a.t the best #esea#.he#s an' st&'ents(While all &ni e#sities sha#e .e#tain .!mm!n al&es an' tas5s the2 '! n!t ne.essa#il2 ha e the same balan.e bet,een e'&.ati!n an' #esea#.h the same a//#!a.h t! #esea#.h an' #esea#.h t#ainin3 !# the same mi7 !* se# i.es an' a.a'emi. 'is.i/lines( Resea#.h sh!&l' #emain a 5e2 tas5 !* ea.h e'&.ati!n s2stem as a ,h!le b&t n!t ne.essa#il2 *!# all its  .!m/!nent instit&ti!ns( Ta5in3 st!.5 !* the 'ebate an' ta5in3 int! a..!&nt E&#!/ean s/e.i*i.ities the C!mmissi!n /#!/!ses the *!ll!,in3 .han3es:9#ea5 '!,n the ba##ie#s s&##!&n'in3 &ni e#sitiesC#!ss+b!#'e# an' inte#+se.t!#al m!bilit2 nee's t! in.#ease s&bstantiall2( The n&mbe# !* 3#a'&ates ,h! ha e s/ent at least a semeste# !# a 2ea# ab#!a' !# ,h! ha e a.&i#e' /#!*essi!nal e7/e#ien.e sh!&l' at least '!&ble( This is e en m!#e t#&e *!# #esea#.he#s(Nati!nal 3#ants an' l!ans sh!&l' be m!#e easil2 t#ans*e#able th#!&3h!&t the EU( F&ll2 t#ans*e#able /ensi!n #i3hts an' the #em! al !* all !bsta.les t! /#!*essi!nal m!bilit2  in.l&'in3 inte#nati!nall2 an' bet,een se.t!#s a#e nee'e' t! *!ste# sta** an' #esea#.he# m!bilit2 an' hen.e inn! ati!n( A ma8!# e**!#t sh!&l' be ma'e t! im/lement the main #e*!#ms !* the 9!l!3na /#!.ess b2 0$0th#!&3h!&t the EU: ã .!m/a#able &ali*i.ati!ns ;sh!#t .2.le 9a.hel!# !# e&i alent Maste# D!.t!#ate<= ã *le7ible m!'e#n .&##i.&la at all le els ,hi.h meet the nee's !* the lab!&# ma#5et= ã t#&st,!#th2 &alit2 ass&#an.e s2stems( C&##i.&la *!# s/e.i*i. 'is.i/lines !# /#!*essi!ns sh!&l' be m!'e#nise' '#a,in3 !n .!m/a#is!ns an' best /#a.ti.e at E&#!/ean le el(6#!.e'&#es *!#  a.a'emi. #e.!3niti!n sh!&l' als! be m!'e#nise' t! ens&#e &i.5e# an' m!#e /#e'i.table 'e.isi!ns ;in /a#ti.&la# b2 /&blishin3 &ni e#sities1 #e.!3niti!n /!li.ies<( As ,ith /#!*essi!nal #e.!3niti!n the C!mmissi!n /#!/!ses that n! a//li.ant sh!&l' ha e t! ,ait l!n3e# than *!&# m!nths *!# an a.a'emi. #e.!3niti!n 'e.isi!n( Ensure real autonomy and accountability for universities Membe# tates sh!&l' 3&i'e the &ni e#sit2 se.t!# th#!&3h a *#ame,!#5 !* 3ene#al #&les /!li.2 !b8e.ti es *&n'in3 me.hanisms an' in.enti es *!# e'&.ati!n #esea#.h an' inn! ati!n a.ti ities( In #et&#n *!# bein3 *#ee' *#!m ! e#+#e3&lati!n an' mi.#!+mana3ement &ni e#sities sh!&l' a..e/t *&ll instit&ti!nal a..!&ntabilit2 t! s!.iet2 at la#3e *!# thei# #es&lts(This #e&i#es ne, inte#nal 3! e#nan.e s2stems base' !n st#ate3i. /#i!#ities an' !n /#!*essi!nal mana3ement !* h&man #es!&#.es in estment an' a'minist#ati e /#!.e'&#es( It als! #e&i#es &ni e#sities t! ! e#.!me thei# *#a3mentati!n int! *a.&lties 'e/a#tments lab!#at!#ies an' a'minist#ati e &nits an' t! ta#3et thei# e**!#ts .!lle.ti el2 at instit&ti!nal /#i!#ities *!# #esea#.h tea.hin3 an' se# i.es( %rovide incentives for structured partnerships with the business community t#&.t&#e' /a#tne#shi/s ,ith the b&siness .!mm&nit2 ;in.l&'in3 MEs< b#in3 !//!#t&nities *!# &ni e#sities t! im/#! e the sha#in3 !* #esea#.h #es&lts intelle.t&al /#!/e#t2 #i3hts /atents an'li.en.es ;e(3( th#!&3h !n+.am/&s sta#t+&/s !# the .#eati!n !* s.ien.e /a#5s<(T! se.&#e these bene*its m!st &ni e#sities ,ill nee' e7te#nal s&//!#t t! ma5e the ne.essa#2 !#3anisati!nal .han3es an' b&il' &/ ent#e/#ene&#ial attit&'es an' mana3ement s5ills( This als! im/lies that 'e el!/ment !* ent#e/#ene&#ial mana3ement an' inn! ati!n s5ills sh!&l' be.!me an inte3#al /a#t !* 3#a'&ate e'&.ati!n #esea#.h t#ainin3 an' li*el!n3 lea#nin3 st#ate3ies *!# &ni e#sit2 sta**( %rovide the right mix of skills for the labour market  In !#'e# t! ! e#.!me /e#sistent mismat.hes bet,een 2!&n3 3#a'&ates1 &ali*i.ati!ns an' the nee's !* the lab!&# ma#5et &ni e#sit2 .!&#ses sh!&l' be st#&.t&#e' t! enhan.e 3#a'&ates1 em/l!2abilit2 an' t! /#! i'e b#!a' s&//!#t t! the ,!#5*!#.e m!#e 3ene#all2( This sh!&l' e7ten' be2!n' the nee's !* the lab!&# ma#5et t! the stim&lati!n !* an ent#e/#ene&#ial min'setam!n3 st&'ents an' #esea#.he#s( At '!.t!#al le el it means that .an'i'ates aimin3 *!# a /#!*essi!nal #esea#.h .a#ee# sh!&l' a.&i#e s5ills in the *!ll!,in3 in a''iti!n t! t#ainin3 in #esea#.h te.hni&es: ã #esea#.h= ã intelle.t&al /#!/e#t2 #i3hts mana3ement= ã .!mm&ni.ati!n= ã net,!#5in3= ã ent#e/#ene&#shi/= ã team+,!#5in3( Make funding work more effectively in education and research Membe# tates sh!&l' .#iti.all2 e7amine thei# .&##ent mi7 !* st&'ent *ees an' s&//!#t s.hemes( E7.ellen.e in tea.hin3 an' #esea#.h .ann!t be a.hie e' i* s!.i!+e.!n!mi. !#i3in isa ba##ie# t! a..ess !# t! #esea#.h .a#ee#s(Uni e#sities sh!&l' be *&n'e' m!#e *!# ,hat the2 '! than *!# ,hat the2 a#e b2 *!.&sin3 *&n'in3 !n !&t/&ts #athe# than in/&ts an' b2 a'a/tin3 *&n'in3 t! the 'i e#sit2 !* instit&ti!nal /#!*iles( Uni e#sities ,hi.h a#e e#2 a.ti e in #esea#.h sh!&l' n!t be assesse' an' *&n'e' !n the same basis as !the# &ni e#sities ,hi.h ha e less #esea#.h a.ti it2 b&t a#e m!#e in !l e' in inte3#atin3 st&'ents *#!m less *a !&#e' ba.53#!&n's !# ,hi.h /#! i'e an im/et&s *!# the l!.al e.!n!m2(Ea.h .!&nt#2 sh!&l' st#i5e the #i3ht balan.e bet,een .!#e .!m/etiti e an' !&t.!me+base' *&n'in3 ;&n'e#/inne' b2 &alit2 ass&#an.e< *!# hi3he# e'&.ati!n an' &ni e#sit2+base' #esea#.h( Enhance interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity Uni e#sities sh!&l' be able t! #e.!n*i3&#e thei# tea.hin3 an' #esea#.h a3en'as t! seie the !//!#t&nities !**e#e' b2 ne, 'e el!/ments in e7istin3 an' inn! ati e *iel's( This #e&i#es *!.&sin3 less !n s.ienti*i. 'is.i/lines an' m!#e !n #esea#.h *iel's ;e(3( s&stainable ene#32 !# nan!te.hn!l!32< ass!.iatin3 them m!#e .l!sel2 ,ith #elate' !# .!m/lementa#2 *iel's ;s&.h as h&manities an' s!.ial s.ien.es mana3ement an' ent#e/#ene&#ial s5ills< an' *!ste#in3 inte#a.ti!n bet,een st&'ents #esea#.he#s an' #esea#.h teams th#!&3h 3#eate# m!bilit2 bet,een 'is.i/lines se.t!#s an' #esea#.h settin3s( All this ne.essitates ne, instit&ti!nal an' !#3anisati!nal a//#!a.hes t! sta** mana3ement e al&ati!n an' *&n'in3 .#ite#ia tea.hin3 an' .&##i.&la( 5ncrease knowledge in society Uni e#sities m&st .!mmit themsel es t! /#! i'in3 !//!#t&nities *!# li*el!n3 lea#nin3 an' a//l2 a b#!a' .!mm&ni.ati!n st#ate32 base' !n .!n*e#en.es !/en 'a2s /la.ements 'is.&ssi!n *!#&ms st#&.t&#e' 'ial!3&es ,ith al&mni et.( At E&#!/ean le el e7.ellen.e at 3#a'&ate?'!.t!#al s.h!!ls sh!&l' be en.!&#a3e' b2 net,!#5in3 th!se ,hi.h meet 5e2 .#ite#ia: ã .#iti.al mass=  ã inte#'is.i/lina#it2= ã st#!n3 E&#!/ean 'imensi!n= ã ba.5in3 *#!m /&bli. a&th!#ities an' *#!m b&sinesses= ã i'enti*ie' an' #e.!3nise' a#eas !* e7.ellen.e= ã /#! isi!n !* /!st+'!.t!#al !//!#t&nities= ã #eliable &alit2 ass&#an.e( In this .!nte7t t,! initiati es ,ill /a#ti.&la#l2 st#en3then .!m/etiti!n *!# e7.ellen.e: the establishment !* a E&#!/ean Instit&te *!# Te.hn!l!32 an' a E&#!/ean Resea#.h C!&n.il( Make the European 3esearch and 6igher Education reas more visible Gl!balisati!n means that the E&#!/ean @i3he# E'&.ati!n A#ea an' the E&#!/ean Resea#.h  A#ea m&st be *&ll2 !/en t! the ,!#l' an' be.!me ,!#l',i'e .!m/etiti e /la2e#s(It is *&n'amental t! sim/li*2 an' s/ee' &/ le3al an' a'minist#ati e /#!.e'&#es *!# n!n+EU st&'ents an' #esea#.he#s( C!n.e#nin3 a'missi!n an' #esi'en.e !* thi#'+.!&nt#2 #esea#.he#s in 00) the C!&n.il a'!/te' a /a.5a3e !* meas&#es iss&in3 isas *!# #esea#.he#s  .!m/#isin3 a Di#e.ti e an' t,! #e.!mmen'ati!ns ,hi.h ,ill ha e t! be in.!#/!#ate' int! nati!nal la, '&#in3 00%( Commission actions The C!mmissi!n .an /#! i'e *#esh /!liti.al im/et&s ia .!!#'inate' inte#a.ti!n ,ith Membe# tates th#!&3h the !/en .!!#'inati!n meth!' i'enti*2in3 an' s/#ea'in3 best /#a.ti.e an' s&//!#tin3 Membe# tates in thei# sea#.h *!# m!#e e**e.ti e &ni e#sit2 s2stems(The C!mmissi!n .an als! /#! i'e *&n'in3 ,hi.h ,ill ha e a si3ni*i.ant im/a.t !n &ni e#sities1 &alit2 an' /e#*!#man.e( This in.l&'es in.enti es t! hel/ &ni e#sities attain the !b8e.ti es hi3hli3hte' in the C!mmissi!n .!mm&ni.ati!n( The me.hanisms in.l&'e the ne, /#!3#ammes *!# 00%+$- ; %th EU F#ame,!#5 6#!3#amme *!# RD  Li*el!n3 Lea#nin3 6#!3#amme  C!m/etiti eness an' Inn! ati!n 6#!3#amme < as ,ell as the t#&.t&#al F&n's an' E&#!/ean In estment 9an5 l!ans(The /#!/!se' E&#!/ean Instit&te !* Te.hn!l!32 ,ill ha e a 3! e#nan.e st#&.t&#e in !l in3 e7.ellen.e inte#'is.i/lina#it2 net,!#5in3 bet,een .ent#es an' bet,een a.a'emia an' b&siness ,hi.h e.h!es the messa3es !* the C!mmissi!n .!mm&ni.ati!n( Commission proposals Im/lementin3 the ne.essa#2 #est#&.t&#in3 an' m!'e#nisati!n #e&i#es .!!#'inate' a.ti!n b2 all the /a#tne#s in !l e'(Membe# tates ,hen im/lementin3 the Inte3#ate' G&i'elines *!# 3#!,th an' 8!bs an' thei# Nati!nal Re*!#m 6#!3#ammes sh!&l' ta5e meas&#es ,ith #e3a#' t! &ni e#sities + in.l&'in3 !ns&.h as/e.ts as mana3ement a&t!n!m2 an' a..!&ntabilit2 inn! ati!n .a/a.it2 a..ess t! hi3he# e'&.ati!n an' a'a/tin3 t#ainin3 s2stems t! ne, s5ill #e&i#ements(Uni e#sities *!# thei# /a#t nee' t! ma5e st#ate3i. .h!i.es an' im/lement inte#nal #e*!#ms t! e7ten' thei# *&n'in3 base enhan.e thei# a#eas !* e7.ellen.e an' im/#! e thei# .!m/etiti eness= st#&.t&#e' /a#tne#shi/s ,ith the b&siness .!mm&nit2 an' !the# /!tential /a#tne#s ,ill be in'is/ensable t! these .han3es(The C!mmissi!n .an .!nt#ib&te th#!&3h im/lementati!n !* the Lisb!n 6#!3#amme  th#!&3h /!li.2 'ial!3&e an' m&t&al lea#nin3 in /a#ti.&la# &n'e# the E'&.ati!n an' T#ainin3 0$0 W!#56#!3#amme  an' th#!&3h *inan.ial s&//!#t t! Membe# tates an' t! &ni e#sities in thei# m!'e#nisati!n a.ti ities(
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