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United Republic of Tanzania Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs - National Bureau of Statistics

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June, 2008 United Republic of Tanzania Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs - National Bureau of Statistics Why Tanzania Needs Good Statistics National Bureau of Statistics,Tanzania P.O.Box 796, Dar
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June, 2008 United Republic of Tanzania Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs - National Bureau of Statistics Why Tanzania Needs Good Statistics National Bureau of Statistics,Tanzania P.O.Box 796, Dar es Salaam - Tel +255 (0) /3/4, Fax +255 (0) Website: Our motto: Statistics for Development List of Abbreviations HBS : Household Budget Survey ILFS : Integrated Labour Force Survey LGAs : Local Government Authorities MDAs : Ministries, Departments and Agencies MDGs : Millennium Development Goals MKUKUTA : Mkakati wa Kukuza Uchumi na Kupunguza Umaskini MKUZA : Mkakati wa kukuza Uchumi Zanzibar NBS : National Bureau of Statistics NCPI : National Consumer Price Index NGOs : Non-Governmental Organizations NSS : National Statistical System OCGS : Office of Chief Government Statistician Zanzibar SADC : Southern African Development Community THIS : Tanzania HIV/AIDS Indicator Survey TISD : Tanzania Integrated Statistical Database TSED : Tanzania Socio-Economic Database TSMP : Tanzania Statistical Master Plan TSPA : Tanzania Service Provision Assessment 2 H.E. Hon Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete President of the United Republic of Tanzania GENERAL INTRODUCTION Most governments in the world today, including the Tanzanian government, are pursuing national development using a results-based agenda, that includes wealth creation and poverty reduction strategies such as the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP) - commonly known by its Swahili acronym of MKUKUTA -, Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other national and sectoral development plans. The results-based agenda requires clear, unambiguous and systematic measurement and reporting on achievement of development results because as the dictum goes, If you can t measure it, you can t manage it. There is also increased focus on evidence-based policy and decision-making which requires that public policy decisions are informed by carefully and rigorously analysed credible and quality statistics. The national results-based agenda and the focus on evidence-based policy and decision-making have increased demand for good statistical information. Indeed, it is now internationally agreed that good statistical information is a necessary infrastructure and part of the enabling environment for national development. It constitutes an essential element in improving the ability of government to formulate appropriate policies, manage the economic and social development process, and monitor improvements in the living standards of the people. In addition, people and organizations outside government (civil society organizations, research institutions, development partners, etc) need and use statistical information for their own planning and decision-making. Statistical information is, therefore, an essential ingredient in the management of a modern society and its institutions. 3 IMPORTANT POLICIES The National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (widely known as MKUKUTA) is the second national organizing framework for putting the focus on poverty reduction high in the country s development agenda. The NSGRP is informed by the aspirations of Tanzania s Development Vision (Vision 2025) for high and shared growth, high quality livelihood, peace, stability and unity, good governance, high quality education and international competitiveness. The main objective of the NSGRP is to monitor and evaluate the Tanzania Government efforts on economic growth and poverty reduction strategy implementation. Many sectoral policies have been formed such as the National Policy on HIV/AIDS. The overall goal of the National Policy on HIV/AIDS is to provide a framework for leadership and coordination of the national multi-sectoral response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This includes formulation, by all sectors, of appropriate interventions which will be effective in preventing transmission of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, protecting and supporting vulnerable groups, mitigating the social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS. Agriculture data are crucial in improving people s welfare 4 Another important policy is the National Population Policy. The overriding concern of the population policy is to enable Tanzania to achieve an improved standard of living and quality of life for its people. Important aspects of quality of life include good health and education, adequate food and housing, stable environment, equity, gender equality and security for individuals. The main goal of the policy is to direct development of other policies, strategies and programs that ensure sustainable development of the people. Health policy aims at improving the health and well being of all Tanzanians, with a focus on those most at risk, and to encourage the health system to be more responsive to the needs of the people. The specific objectives are to: Reduce infant and maternal morbidity and mortality and increase life expectancy through the provision of adequate and equitable maternal and child health services, promoting of adequate nutrition, control of communicable diseases and treatment of common conditions. Ensure that health services are available and accessible to all people wherever they are in the country, whether in urban or rural areas. Move towards self sufficiency in manpower by training all cadres required at all levels from village to national levels. Sensitize the community on common preventable health problems and improve the capabilities at all levels of society to assess and to analyze problems and to design appropriate action through genuine community involvement. in the MKUKUTA and MKUZA data cycle, statistical information is required to establish poverty baseline, and set poverty reduction targets; to feed results of monitoring back into policy-making, and evaluate the impact of policy on poverty reduction. Statement by Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania, Dr. Ali Mohamed Shein during the official launch of the TSMP process. 5 SOME RECENT INDICATORS NSGRP /MDG OBJECTIVE INDICATOR SURVEY VALUE MKUKUTA Cluster 1, Goal 1: Ensuring sound economic management Declined Unemployment rate ILFS 2006 Unemployment rate declined from 12.9% in 2005 to 11% in 2006 MKUKUTA Cluster 1 Goal 2: Percentage of population who live within 2 kms of an allseason passable road (Rural access Indicator) Time (minutes) taken to the nearest road passable round the year HBS 2006/ % of rural population live within 30 minutes walk of allseason passable road. MKUKUTA Cluster 1, Goal 6: Percentage of households in rural and urban areas using alternative source of energy to wood fuel (including charcoal) as their main source of energy for cooking Funded community project on energy developments and alternative energy HBS 2006/07 Funded by: government 46.2%, Wananchi (Citizens) 30.8% NGO 11% Other 11% MKUKUTA Cluster 2, Goal 2: Improved survival, health and well-being of all children and women and especially vulnerable groups Percentage of health facilities offering curative care for sick children, immunization and growth monitoring TSPA 2006 Over 78% of health facilities offer curative care for sick children, immunization and growth monitoring, 6 NSGRP /MDG OBJECTIVE INDICATOR SURVEY VALUE MKUKUTA Cluster 2, Goal 2: Improved survival, health and well-being of all children and women and especially vulnerable groups Percentage of facilities having all items necessary to provide immunizations, that is, vaccine, equipment, immunization cards and infection control items. TSPA, % of facilities having all items necessary to provide immunizations, that is, vaccine, equipment, immunization cards and infection control items. MKUKUTA Cluster 2, Goal 2: Improved survival, health and well-being of all children and women and especially vulnerable groups Percentage of health facilities providing care and support to people living with HIV/AIDS TSPA, % of health facilities provide care and support to people living with HIV/AIDS MDG Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women Headship of Ward/Mtaa/Village councils HBS 2006/07 Female : Dar es Salaam: 36% Other urban: 23% Rural area: 16% 7 MAJOR STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES Major surveys such as the Household Budget Survey, the Tanzania Health and Demographic Survey and the Tanzania Labor Force Survey have just been completed, while the Disability Survey preparation is underway. These surveys are very important since they provide many indicators such as Poverty, Unemployment, Household living conditions, HIV/AIDS prevalence rate, etc. for the NSGRP. NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF STATISTICS The National Strategy for the Development of Statistics (Tanzania Statistical Master Plan (TSMP) in Tanzania) aims at strengthening statistics production of MDAs and LGAs through the MKUKUTA Monitoring framework, and of the OCGS through the MKUZA strategy. It intends to do so through the use of a Routine Data Systems (RDS) strategy. we particularly need accurate, consistent, and up-to-date statistical data and information to monitor the implementation of MKUKUTA -the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty and MKUZA-the Zanzibar Strategy for Reduction of Poverty A statement by Dr. Juma Ngasongwa (MP), Former Minister for the then Ministry of Planning Economy and Empowerment. 8 The production of quality statistics can only be sustained if there is sufficient demand for data used to assess policy outcomes as well as inform stakeholders for improved planning and budgeting. The TSMP places greater emphasis on production of good statistics for the following reasons: Economic performance needs to be monitored to make necessary adjustments -indicators of industrial production, prices, employment and unemployment, exports and imports are all crucial. Like a company, a country needs its own balance sheet - the system of National Accounts, which contains all these elements and many more. Birth and death rates and emigration and immigration trends are all key indicators of future population trends and therefore essential for planning and policy making. The populations well-being needs to be measured in terms of living standards, health, housing, education, etc. Good statistics give early warning of any changes to the natural environment, future economic situation and prices. Good statistics are prerequisites of membership to the global information society. They are fundamental to good governance and transparency. Good statistics are a cornerstone of democracy. Dar-es-Salaam Centre Brian James Mc Morro 9 The Country brief Profile Total Surface Area (000 sq kms) Number of Parliamentary members (as Feb 2007) 323 Male 227 Female 96 Total Population (projection for 2007) (in 000) 39,446 HIV Prevalence (2008) 5.8% GDP Growth rate at 2001 prices (2007) 7.1% Annual Inflation (Jan-Dec 2007) 7.0% Infant Mortality Rate (2005) Maternal Mortality (2005) Population Growth rate ( ) 68 deaths per 1,000 live births 578 deaths per 100,000 live births 2.9% / annum 10 You can not measure the government s performance without having good statistics from a reliable source which is authorized to provide official statistics in the country. In Tanzania, it is the National Bureau of Statistics. The Minister for Finance and Economic Affairs, Honorable Mustafa H. Mkulo (MP) during a press conference on official launching of new GDP estimates based on 2001 prices Tanzania Mainland. The year 2006 is marked by renewed Government commitment to achieve development through statistics. The new Government is crucial in advancing the cause of development in the Country as it addressed such key issues as to implement the content of Vision 2025 and 2020 Mini Tiger Plan, export statistics by East African Community and SADC, transparency in statistical operations, linkages of Statistics and MKUKUTA, to mention a few. Honorable Omar Yussuf Mzee (MP) Deputy Minister of Ministry Finance and Economic Affairs. 11 National Bureau of Statistics,Tanzania P.O.Box 796, Dar es Salaam. Tel +255 (0) /3/4, Fax +255 (0) Website: This booklet has been produced in collaboration with PARIS21 12
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