What is Critical Thinking

Summary of Critical Thinking Seminar
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  The First Presentation by Prof.Dr. Gunadi H. Sulistyo,M.A What is Critical Thinking ?    Critical Thinking is NOT criticizing others or even arguing someone.    Critical Thinking is intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from or generated by observation, experience, reflection, and reasoning. The Bases of Critical Thinking    Clarity    Accuracy    Precision    Consistency    Relevance    Sound Evidence    Good Reason    Depth    Breadth    Fairness Critical Thinking Requires, Examine   purpose, problem or question of issue, assumption, concept, empirical grounding, reasoning lending to conclusion, implications and consequences, objections from alternative view points and frame or reference. The Core of Critical Thinking    Applying (The knowledge)    Analyzing (The information)    Synthesizing    Evaluating    Conceptualizing (Construct)    Inference    Explanation     Interpretation    Evaluation    Self Regulation (What should I do next?) 1956 2001  Noun   Verb Form (HOTS) The Steps of Critical Thinking 1.   Understand logical connection between ideas 2.   Construct and evaluate arguments, detect the inconsistency or the common mistakes in reasoning 3.   Solve problems systematically 4.   Identifying the relevance or important of ideas 5.   Reflect on justification of one‟s own beliefs and values  The reason why Critical Thinking is important : I.   Short-term Classroom Atmosphere    Motivating and challenging classes    Creating more meaningful learning atmosphere    Familiarizing students with real life context II.   Mid-term Better Persona    Enhancing verbal and analytical skills    Augmenting self reflection and creativity, including dealing with problems and their way out III.   Long-term preparation of the third Millenium Critical Citizens    Providing essential skills with competitive advantages Evaluation Synthesizing Analyzing Application Comprehension Knowledge Create Evaluate Analyse Apply Understand Remember  Through Critical Thinking, we can gain ...    To familirize students with open minded thinking    To gather, evaluate, and interprete information effectively    To gain knowledge of something better, to revise hypothesis (beliefs) to strengthen arguments    To formulate clear and focused question    To withdraw a conclusion and to offer solution to a problem based on a strong and reasoned ground    To communicate ideas or opinions more clearly The way we apply Critical Thinking in Class (esp. Reading Classes)    Start Small a.   Raise question  b.   Gain information from many sources c.   Using integrated skills d.   All at once    From you    Do it again and again    Make mistake    Reflect The guideline for teacher to develop Critical Thinking in Class : 1.   Know your students   age level, background knowledge, and language proficiency 2.   Know students‟ characteristic and interest  3.   Map the themes or topics across the curriculum (any other subject, ex. Social Science. Try to link) 4.   Utilize the SALTAS (Student Active Learning Teaching Active Scaffolding) mode of learning (Scientific Approach) *SALTAS : teacher can provide worksheet for students activity in groups  The Second Presentation by Dr.Sri Rachmajanti, M.Pd, Dip. TESL If the first presentation is more to the theory, the second one is more on the practice. So, the presenter shows the audience about the product of the research like media to teach young learners. The presenter also ask any of the audiences to come forward to play the media and see if it is suitable and appropriate for young learners especially for grade 4 upto 6 elementary schools‟ students . The main focus is in the reading context. Older Learners‟ Learning Styles :  Audio   Prefer listening to new input Visual   Read a lot of visual stimulus Kinesthetic   like to feel and touch things Interactive CD Visual Kinesthetic Audio
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