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All about wines
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  Light-Bodied Red Wine Light-bodied red wines tend to have higher acidity and less tannin. The colors range from a bright magenta to garnet. e.g.  Pinot Noir, St. Laurent, Zweigelt and Gamay Medium-Bodied Red Wine Medium-bodied red wines tend to have medium levels of acidity and tannin. This range of wines is diverse and includes  Merlot, Sangiovese and Zinfandel.  Discover more types of wine.  Full-Bodied Red Wine Full-bodied red wines tend to have high tannin and often slightly lower acidity. These wines are highly extracted   and opaque. e.g. Syrah, Malbec, Mourvedre and Cabernet Sauvignon Old Red Wine When a red wine is far past its prime it will be a dull brown color. Many wines will last 20 years or more without showing much color change. Merlot and Nebbiolo stain orange earlier than other types of wine. Rosé Wine Rosé wines are made with regular red grapes such as Mourvedre , but the grape skins aren’t exposed to the juice for as long. The result is a much more pale red wine. Depending on the variety used, a rosé can range from pale salmon (Pinot Noir) to magenta (Garnacha). Light-Bodied White Wine A light-bodied white wine can range from clear to a pale yellow-green hue. Most of this style of wine is meant to be  enjoyed young and ice-cold. e.g. Pinot Grigio, Albarino, Vinho Verde, Muscadet Medium-Bodied White Wine The majority of white wines fall into the medium-bodied category with a pale yellow-gold hue. e.g. Sauvignon Blanc, Unoaked Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Full-Bodied White Wine A color of white wine that can be produced either by a free-run red wine such as White Pinot Noir  or a highly extracted white wine. Often these wines have less acidity and use oak aging to add creaminess and vanilla aromas. e.g. Chardonnay, Viognier,  Marssanne, Old White Wine Very few white wines are made to last for more than a couple of years. Old white wines lose their sheen and become increasingly more dull over time. Because of light-sensitivity, white wines will become more orange over time.  The Basic Types of Wine Five Main Styles of Wine All wines can be organized into five fundamental groups. Within each group there are hundreds of different grape varieties and also different winemaking styles. Red Wine Still wine made with black grapes. These can range from light to dark and bone-dry to sweet. White Wine A still wine produced from green and sometimes black grapes. Flavors span from rich and creamy to light and zesty. Rosé Wine Still wine from black grapes produced by removing the skins  before they deeply color the wine. Also formed by blending red and white wine together. Both dry and sweet styles of rosé are common. Sparkling Wine A style of winemaking involving a secondary fermetation causing bubbles! Sparkling wine can be red, white or rosé and can range from minerally to rich and sweet. Fortified Wine A style of winemaking involving fortifying wine with spirits. Typically a dessert wine, but many dry-style fortified wines exist such as dry Sherry. Level of Sweetness Within the five main styles of wine are different levels of sweetness. This is a winemaking style as most wines can be  produced from Dry  to Sweet . Dry A dry wine is produced when all of the grape sugars are  fermented into alcohol. Some dry wines may have a touch of RS to add body but not sweetness. Semi-Sweet (aka Off Dry) A semi-sweet wine leaves a touch of the sugars in a wine usually to complement acidity and/or aromatics in wine. Riesling is typically Off-Dry. Sweet A sweet wine leaves a lot of the sugars in a wine unfermented. Sweet wines are typically lower alcohol if they are not fortified. (ex Moscato d’Asti 5.5% ABV)   Learning Wine by Flavor There are thousands of different varietals, regions and types of wine. Because of the diversity it’s easier to start classifying wine by the way it tastes. Wine sommeliers identify wines through primary fruit flavors. You can too! Learn how to taste wine like a pro to identify the  basic characteristics of wine.  These two techniques will build your wine memory.   How The Infographic Works Wines are separated by style, primary flavor and sometimes even an additional grouping of High Tannin , Round  or Spicy . Here are definitions of the terms: High Tannin Wines with high tannin feel like they dry out your mouth. The sensation is similar to licking a popsicle stick or putting a wet tea bag in your mouth.   Round Round wines tend to have less tannin and balanced acidity on the finish. People often describe the sensation as ‘Smooth’ or ‘Lush’ when using  wine descriptions. 
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